Bahrain Defence Force

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Bahrain Defence Force
قوة دفاع البحرين
Flag of the Bahrain Defence Force.svg
Service branches Royal Bahraini Army
Royal Bahraini Air Force
Royal Bahrain Naval Force
Royal Guard
Bahrain Royal Medical Services
Supreme CommanderHamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Commander in chiefKhalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa
Chief of DefenseTheyab bin Saqer Al Noaimi
Active personnel18,200 (approximate)
Budget$1.414 billion (2017)
Percent of GDP4.1% (2017)
Related articles
RanksMilitary ranks of Bahrain
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The Bahrain Defence Force (BDF) is the national service of the Kingdom of Bahrain. It is under the command of Bahrain's Ministry of Defence and is under the leadership of a commander-in-chief who holds the rank of field marshal.

It numbers about 13,000 personnel[1] and consists of the Royal Bahraini Air Force, Royal Bahraini Army, Royal Bahraini Navy and the Royal Guard. Apart from the BDF, the public security forces and the Coast Guard report to the Ministry of Interior.

In January 2008, the Crown Prince, Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa was appointed as the Deputy Supreme Commander,[2] while Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief of the BDF.[3]

GCC support[edit]

Bahrain, in conjunction with its GCC partners has moved to upgrade its defenses in response to the threat posed by the Iran-Iraq and Persian Gulf wars.

In 1982, the GCC gave Bahrain $1.7 billion to help improve its defenses. Bahrain's defense spending since 1999 has been steady. The government spends around $320 million annually on their military.

U.S. support[edit]

After the Gulf War, Bahrain received additional military support from the United States, including the sale of 54 M60A3 tanks, 12 F-16C/D aircraft, and 14 Cobra helicopters. Joint naval, air and ground exercises also have been planned and executed to increase readiness throughout the Persian Gulf. Bahrain and the United States signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement in October 1991, granting U.S. forces access to Bahraini facilities and ensuring the right to pre-position material for future crises. In 2003, George W. Bush designated Bahrain as a major non-NATO ally of the United States. Since 2003, Bahrain has been granted over $100 million in Foreign Military Funding to pay for various high-profile weapons systems, to include an AN/TPS-59(v)3B Early Warning Radar, Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCM), Air-to-Air Missile Avoidance System for the King's Plane (Boeing 747-400), as well as an Avenger Air Defense Vehicle.

Commanders-in-Chief of the BDF[edit]

# Name Picture Took Office Left Office
1 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Hamad-Bin-Isa-Al-Khalifa.jpg 1969 1999
2 Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prince Salman bin Hamad al Khalifa at the Pentagon May 10 2012.jpg 1999 2008
3 Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Khalifa picture 2008 Still

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bahrain". The 2011 US Department of State Background Notes. United States Department of State. Retrieved 2 March 2012. The Bahrain Defense Force (BDF) numbers about 13,000 personnel.
  2. ^ "Royal Decree No 1 of the Year 2008 on the Appointment of the Deputy Supreme Commander". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 6 January 2008. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012.
  3. ^ "Royal Decree No 2 of the Year 2008 on the Appointment of the Commander-in-Chief of the Bahrain Defence Force". Official Gazette of the Kingdom of Bahrain. 6 January 2008. Archived from the original on 8 December 2012.

External links[edit]