|East New Britain|
|Linguistic classification||One of the world's primary language families|
bain1263 (Baining proper)
The Baining or East New Britain languages are a possible small language family spoken by the Baining people on the island of New Britain in Papua New Guinea. They were classified as East Papuan languages by Wurm, but this does not now seem tenable.
The languages are:
- Baining proper: Mali, Qaqet, Kairak, Simbali, Ura, ?Makolkol (extinct?)
- Taulil–Butam: Taulil, Butam (extinct)
Glottolog does not accept that a connection between the two branches has been demonstrated. Palmer (2018) considers the Butam–Taulil group to form its independent phylum, separate from the Baining languages. Taulil and Butam speakers had originally migrated from New Ireland.
The pronouns Ross (2005) reconstructs for proto-Baining are,
I *ŋa we two *(ŋ)un we *udu thou *ŋi you two *yu you *ŋan he *(k)a they two (M) *ip they *ta she *(k)e they two (F) ?
The possessive pronouns his and her are *vat and *vet.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Baining". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Taulil–Butam". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Palmer, Bill (2018). "Language families of the New Guinea Area". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 1–20. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
- Stebbins, Tonya; Evans, Bethwyn; Terrill, Angela (2018). "The languages of Southern New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Papuan languages of Island Melanesia. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 775–894. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
- Dunn, Michael; Angela Terrill; Ger Reesink; Robert A. Foley; Stephen C. Levinson (2005). Structural Phylogenetics and the Reconstruction of Ancient Language History. Science magazine, 23 Sept. 2005, vol. 309, p 2072.
- Ross, Malcolm (2005). Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages." In: Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide and Jack Golson, eds, Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, 15-66. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.