Bala Hissar uprising

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Bala Hissar uprising
Part of the War in Afghanistan
DateAugust 5, 1979
Location
Kabul, Afghanistan
Result
  • Uprising put down
  • Rebels arrested, some executed
Belligerents

Democratic Republic of Afghanistan

  • Afghan Army
Revolutionary Group of the Peoples of Afghanistan
Afghanistan Mujahedin Freedom Fighters Front
Army mutineers
Commanders and leaders
Nur Muhammad Taraki
Hafizullah Amin
Faiz Ahmad
Mulavi Dawood

The Bala Hissar uprising was a insurrection that took place on August 5, 1979 at the historical fortress Bala Hissar in the southern edge of Kabul, Afghanistan. Insurgents, as well as rebellious Afghan Army officers infiltrated and occupied the fortress. They were met by ruthless air bombardment by the Khalq government's MiG aircraft and artillery tank attacks.[1][2]

The uprising was commanded by Faiz Ahmad of the Marxist (but anti-Khalq) Revolutionary Group of the Peoples of Afghanistan (RGPA) and engineered by the Afghanistan Mujahedin Freedom Fighters Front (AMFF), a united front of anti-government Maoist and moderate Islamist groups.[3] It was planned to be the first in a string of insurrections at major army garrisons and bases, the objective being to deal a military and political blow to the ruling PDPA/Khalq government and pave the way for a military coup.[4]

After the five hour battle, tens of Maoist cadres were killed and arrested, and the government swiftly took back control. Some RGPA central committee members like Mohammad Mohsin, Mohammad Dawod and others were executed in the Pul-e-Charkhi prison. Government loudspeaker trucks drove around Kabul announcing that the military action was retaliation of another international imperialist plot against the "people's regime".[5]

Except from the Herat uprising, the Bala Hissar rebellion was the most significant of the many uprisings that took place throughout Afghanistan in 1979.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Revolution Unending: Afghanistan, 1979 to the Present by Gilles Dorronsoro, 2005.
  2. ^ War in Afghanistan by K J Baker, 2011.
  3. ^ Sholayi by Enrico Piovesana
  4. ^ "Glossary of Names and Terms mentioned in the Historical Overview". a-l-o.maoism.ru. Retrieved 2017-11-29.
  5. ^ Russia's Muslim Frontiers: New Directions in Cross-cultural Analysis by Dale F. Eickelman, 1993.
  6. ^ AFGHANISTAN: History, Diplomacy and Journalism Volume 1: History, Diplomacy and Journalism by Dr. M. Halim Tanwir, 2013.