Baldemu language

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Native toCameroon
RegionFar North Province
Native speakers
4 (2003)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bdn
Coordinates: 10°51′N 14°38′E / 10.850°N 14.633°E / 10.850; 14.633

Baldemu, or Mbazlam, is a nearly extinct Afro-Asiatic language spoken in northern Cameroon. Speakers have been shifting to Fulfulde.[1]


The language is (or was) known as Baldemu or Baldare to its speakers.[4] It is sometimes rendered Baldamu, Balda, Mbazlam, or Mbazla.


Since migrating from the surrounding mountains to the village of Balda, Baldemu speakers have shifted to Fulfulde. Baldemu speakers who migrated to Kaélé similarly shifted to Mundang.[4]


  1. ^ a b Baldemu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Gravina, R. (2011). Internal classification of Chadic Biu-Mandara. In Topics in Chadic Linguistics VI, Papers from the 5th Biennial International Colloquium on the Chadic Languages (pp. 67-84).
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Baldemu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ a b Brye, E. (2003). A rapid appraisal language survey of the Baldemu language. SIL Electronic Survey Reports, 15, 13.

Further reading[edit]

  1. MacEachern, S. (2002). Residuals and resistance: Languages and history in the Mandara Mountains. When languages collide: Perspectives on language conflict, language competition and language coexistence, 21-44.
  2. Seignobos, C., & Tourneux, H. (1984). Note sur les Baldamu et leur langue (Nord-Cameroun). Africana Marburgensia, 17(1), 13-30.
  3. Tourneux, H. (1987). Note complémentaire sur les Baldamu et leur langue. Africana Marburgensia, 20(1), 52-58.

External links[edit]

  • Baldemu at the Endangered Languages Project