Suleiman I's campaign of 1529

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Hungarian campaign of Suleiman
Part of the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Nürnberger Feldschlange.JPG
"The Great Gun", a 1518 allegorical representation by Albrecht Dürer of the Turkish menace for the German lands.
Date1529
Location
Hungary
Result Ottoman victory; Ottomans re-occupy Raab, Komárom, Esztergom and Buda
Belligerents
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Habsburg Austria
 Holy Roman Empire
Bohemia Kingdom of Bohemia
 Kingdom of Croatia
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Ferdinand's Hungarian kingdom
Osmanli-devleti-nisani-yeni.png Ottoman Empire
 Moldavia
Coa Hungary Country History John I of Hungary (Szapolyai) (1526-1540).svg John Szapolyai's Hungarian kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg Ferdinand I Osmanli-devleti-nisani-yeni.png Suleiman the Magnificent
Osmanli-devleti-nisani-yeni.png Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha
Coa Hungary Country History John I of Hungary (Szapolyai) (1526-1540).svg John Szapolyai
Moldavia Peter IV Rareș
Strength
120,000 soldiers[1]
(including 12,000 Janissaries)[2]
20,000 camels
300 guns
6000 Hungarian horsemen[2]
Casualties and losses
20,000 dead
(soldiers and civilians)[2]
40,000 dead[2]

Suleiman I's campaign of 1529 was launched by the Ottoman Empire to take the Austrian capital Vienna and thereby strike a decisive blow, allowing the Ottomans to consolidate their hold on Hungary. This was in response to Ferdinand I's daring assault on Ottoman Hungary.

March[edit]

Suleiman's march to Vienna was also an attempt to assist his vassal, John Szapolyai who claimed the throne of Hungary. Suleiman sent his army of 120,000 strong north on the 10 May 1529 . His campaign was marked by speedy success- on September 8 Buda surrendered to the Ottomans and John Szapolyai was installed as King of Hungary. Suleiman then went further taking Gran, Tata, Komárom and Raab[1] so that much of Ferdinand I's gains the previous two years were lost. On 27 September, Suleiman reached Vienna.

Aftermath[edit]

The arrival of the Sultan's massive host in Central Europe caused much panic across Europe - Martin Luther, who had believed that the Turks were God's punishment against the sins of Christians[3] modified his views and wrote the book the War with the Turks in 1529 urging that "the scourge of God" should be fought with great vigour. However, when Suleiman began besieging Vienna it would prove to be his first and most decisive blunder.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Clodfelter, M. (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (4th ed.). McFarland. ISBN 978-0786474707.
  • Madden, Thomas F. Crusades the Illustrated History. 1st ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan P, 2005
  • Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326 - 1699. New York: Osprey, 2003.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Turnbull, Stephen. The Ottoman Empire 1326 - 1699. New York: Osprey, 2003. pg 50
  2. ^ a b c d Clodfelter 2017, p. 24.
  3. ^ Madden, Thomas F. Crusades the Illustrated History. 1st ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan P, 2005 pg