Location of Ballia district in Uttar Pradesh
|Tehsils||1. Ballia 2. Bairia 3. Bansdih Sikanderpur|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Ballia, Salempur and Ghosi|
|• Total||2,981 km2 (1,151 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||73.82 %|
|• Sex ratio||933|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||UP SH 1, UP SH-1B, NH 31, UP SH-34|
|Average annual precipitation||1608.9 mm|
Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Ballia district is a part of Azamgarh division situated in the east of Uttar Pradesh. The main economic activity is agriculture. Ballia City is the district headquarters and commercial market of this district. There are six tehsils in this district: Ballia, Bansdih, Rasra, Bairia, Sikandarpur and Belthara. Rasra is the second major commercial area of the district, having a government sugar mill and a cotton weaving industry. Though Ballia's core occupation is agriculture there are some additional small industries. Maniar is known for its bindi industry and is a major supplier.
- 1 Demography
- 2 Languages
- 3 Culture
- 4 Political
- 5 Tourism
- 6 Geography
- 7 Divisions
- 8 University
- 9 Colleges and schools
- 10 Notable people
- 11 References
- 12 Further reading
- 13 External links
According to the 2011 census Ballia district has a population of 3,239,774, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the U.S. state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 108th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.73%. Ballia has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.94%.
Contribution of Ballia to Hindi Literature is immense as many prominent scholars hail from Ballia such as Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Bhairav Prasad Gupt and Amar Kant. Other notable persons belonging to the district are brother duo Baldev Upadhyaya, famous Sanskrit critic and Krishndev Upadhyaya, Bhojpuri scholar with works in Bhojpuri folk literature and Hindi litterateur Doodhnath Singh and Dr. Rambichar Pandey. Ballia is surrounded by two major river Ganga and Ghaghra (Saryu) that make this land more fertile.
Ballia is also considered as a holy Hindu city. It has big and small temples. Bhrigu temple in Bhrigu Ashram is considered to be a famous temple where Bhrigu Muni was supposed to reside. Bhrigu muni is the one who according to ancient Hindu texts hit Lord Vishnu on his chest. Behind Bhrigu Ashram earlier River Ganga used to flow. Famous Dadri Mela (fair) is still held annually in the winter season and people from all around the Ballia and neighboring districts come here to visit it. It lasts about a month. Ballia is also famous for "Sonadih ka Mela" which is held every year in the month of April for 15 days.
Sri nath baba lathi or rot puja is a famous and attractive festival type event still held every second year at five temple of Sri Nath Ji turn by turn(2014-Sri Nath Ji Math Nagpur)
Ballia was the home of some distinguished freedom fighters who fought against the oppressive British imperialist government and managed to liberate the area from the British Raj from Ballia for a few days from 19 August 1942 under the leadership of Chittu Pandey and others. Due to this, the Ballia region is also known as Baaghi Ballia (rebellious Ballia).
Notable political personalities from this district include Ram Nagina Singh, Ex-MP 1952 in Ballia from the Prajatantrik Socialist Party (PSP). Chandra Shekhar, also known as the 'Young Turk' became the 8th prime minister of India on 10 November 1990 and continued till 21 June 1991 (224 days). He was born and brought up in Ibrahimpatti village in Ballia district. He holds the record as the longest-serving member of Lok sabha for Ballia constituency.
Mangal Pandey, the well-known freedom fighter was also from this city and he was the first person to participate in an armed struggle against the British East India Company in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Chittu Pandey, Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, Tripurari Mishra, Gauri Shankar Rai and hundreds of leaders fought for independence during that period. Murli Manohar, Tarkeshwar Pandey, and Gauri Shankar Rai were members of Lok Sabha and are no more. Gauri Shankar Rai was a member of UP Assembly, UP Council and as Member of Indian Parliament.
Ballia is amongst the most important places to visit if you are in U.P. for a number of historical and cultural reasons. It was the main site all of which that found freedom for a very short but breathing period in 1942 because of the efforts of some of the great leaders of all time, name of those could not be recognized unfortunately, sadly. The very birth land of the great freedom fighter Mangal pandey who actually was the person because of whom the whole Indian freedom struggle ignited. And it was his land that brought independence first to the great Indian country. You could see some of the relics of his existence and survival in here. With that there are other tourist attractions in Ballia which could be recognized as follows:
- Baraiya Pokhara, Chitbara Gaon
- Surha Tal Bird Sactuary
- Bhirgu Baba Mandir
- [[SRI NATH JI MATH (five temples) NAGPUR+NAGPURA+RASRA+MAHARAJPUR+KANSO PATNA
- Manjhi Bridge – It starts in U.P. and ends in Bihar.
- Shri Mangal Pandey Smarak
- Ganga River – The most sacred river of the country that starts to widen in Ballia. Ballia is guarded by Ganga from both its northern and southern side which ends up making an arrow head that enters in Bihar.
- Dadri Mela
Ballia has a Humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification: (Cwa) with extremely hot summers from late March to early June, the monsoon season from late June to late September and chilly winter nights and foggy or sunny days from November to February.
|Climate data for Ballia|
|Record high °F||—||—||—||101.5||—||—||—||91.0||—||—||—||—||101.5|
|Average high °F||—||—||—||115.7||—||—||—||91.0||—||—||—||76.5||118.4|
|Average low °F||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||78.4||—||—||—||49.5||67.3|
|Record low °F||—||—||—||72||—||—||—||78.4||—||—||—||—||72|
|Average precipitation inches||—||—||—||0.18||—||—||—||12.17||—||—||—||0.11||—|
|Record high °C||—||—||—||38.6||—||—||—||32.8||—||—||—||—||38.6|
|Average high °C||—||—||—||46.5||—||—||—||32.8||—||—||—||24.7||48.0|
|Average low °C||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||25.8||—||—||—||9.7||19.6|
|Record low °C||—||—||—||22||—||—||—||25.8||—||—||—||—||22|
|Average precipitation mm||—||—||—||4.5||—||—||—||309.2||—||—||—||2.7||—|
|Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
It is an affiliating university and it began its first season in 2016-17 with 122 colleges of Ballia. These 122 colleges of Ballia were formerly affiliated to Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi. For the 2016-17 academic year, exams were conducted by Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi but students were awarded a degree of Jananayak Chandrashekhar University, Ballia.
Colleges and schools
- Sahid Mangal Pandey Inter College, Nagwa, Ballia
Self financed colleges
- Sri Narheji Law College, Narhi, Rasra
- AMAR SHAHEED BHAGAT SINGH INTER COLLEGE,RASRA,BALLIA
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
- Kendriya Vidyalaya
- Shri Annu Rai Inter College, Chaura, Ballia
- Sidishwa Gurukul, Kachuhan, Rampur
- Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School 
- Nagaji Saraswati Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School
- St. Mary's School
- Holy Cross School
- Columbus International School
- Casterbridge School
- L. N. National Senior Secondary School, Sikandarpur
- Sun Beam School
- Gyan Peethika school
- Casterbridge School
- Devsthaly Vidyapeeth
- Gyan Kunj Academy
- Holy Child School
- Holy Cross High School
- Delhi Public Convent School 
- St Xavier's Co-Ed School
- Seth M.R. Jaipuria School
- Anita Memorial Convent School
- Manasthali Education Centre, Reoti
- KIDZ Aura Playschool
- Euro Kids
- Little Wonder Kidzee School
- St. Xavier's School Dharahara Ballia
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Mauritania 3,281,634 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "BHojpuri Gram-geet". The Eastern Anthropologist. 4–6. 1950. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
- "57 Res. re. Demise of Rajiv Gandhi and Obituary References". parliamentofindia.nic.in. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- Kunwar Convent Senior Secondary School
- Singh, Anil Kumar (1985). Ballia District, a Study in Rural Settlement Geography. NGSI Research publication #33. Varanasi, India: National Geographical Society of India. OCLC 13497935.