Balurghat

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Balurghat
Town
Balurghat is located in West Bengal
Balurghat
Balurghat
Location in West Bengal, India
Balurghat is located in India
Balurghat
Balurghat
Balurghat (India)
Balurghat is located in Asia
Balurghat
Balurghat
Balurghat (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.76°E / 25.22; 88.76Coordinates: 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.76°E / 25.22; 88.76
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictDakshin Dinajpur
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBalurghat Municipality
 • ChairmanAdministrative control
 • DMShree Nikhil Nirmal (IAS)
 • MPSukanta Majumdar (BJP)
 • MLAShree Biswanath Chowdhury (RSP)
 • SPShree Prasun Bandopadhyay (IPS)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,10,000
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[1][2]
 • Additional officialEnglish[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
733101
Telephone code03522
Vehicle registrationWB-61/WB-62
Lok Sabha constituencyBalurghat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBalurghat
Websitehttp://wb.gov.in/

Balurghat (pron:ˌbʌlʊəˈgɑ:t) is a city and a municipality in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the Dakshin Dinajpur district. Balurghat has for long been known for its distinguished taste in culture, especially theatre. It is the birthplace of Natyacharya Manmatha Ray. The town is well known for its cleanliness and culture.

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in the Dakshin Dinajpur district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, H: historical site
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location[edit]

Balurghat is at 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.77°E / 25.22; 88.77.[3] It has an average elevation of 25 metres (82 feet). It covers 10.99sq.km area as the town.

River Atreyee runs across the city, dividing it into disproportionate halves. The heart of the city with all important administrative, cultural and entertainment hubs are on the eastern bank of the river.

In the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen version.

Police stations[edit]

Balurghat police station under West Bengal police has jurisdiction over Balurghat municipal area and Balurghat CD Block.[4][5]

Balurghat Women police station has jurisdiction over Balurghat subdivision.[5]

Subdivision and CD block HQ[edit]

Balurghat subdivision has its headquarters at Balurghat.[4]

The headquarters of Balurghat CD block is at Balurghat.[6][7]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Balurghat urban agglomeration had a population of 164,593, out of which 82,466 were males and 82,127 were females. The 0–6 years population was 10,349. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 91.66 per cent.[8] The town as well as the municipality is of 10.99 km2 area.

As of 2001 India census,[9] Balurghat had a population of 135,516. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Balurghat has an average literacy rate of 88.8%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 92.5% of the males and 85.7% of females literate. 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economics[edit]

Balurghat is a distribution centre in northern West Bengal. The main goods traded include rice, jute, sugar cane, and oilseeds.[10]

Transport[edit]

Balurghat Railway Station is the terminus station of the Eklakhi–Balurghat branch line[11] Trains connecting Balurghat to Kolkata directly include Gour Express, Tebhaga Express and Howrah-Balurghat Bi-weekly Express. Train services also connect Balurghat to Siliguri in the north through Balurghat-Siliguri Intercity Express. Balurghat also connected to Malda through Balurghat-Malda Court Passenger Train.

Indian National Highway 512 passes through Balurghat (from Gazole To Hili).

At Balurghat, there is a Government (NBSTC) bus and Public bus stand. Many buses (both NBSTC & Private) are starts from Balurghat to Kolkata, Siliguri, Coochbehar, Kalna, Durgapur, Malda, Raiganj etc.

Balurghat Airport is situated at the entrance of the town, at Mahinagar. A Kolkata-Malda-Balurghat-Coochbehar flight service has been planned for this airport.
Previously, there was a Kolkata-Malda-Balurghat helicopter service for some years.

Education[edit]

Balurghat College was established as an Intermediate college in 1948 at Balurghat. Degree courses were added from 1953 onwards. It is affiliated with the University of Gour Banga and offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, political science, philosophy, geography, economics, accountancy, physics, chemistry, mathematics, botany, zoology and computer science. It also offers general courses in arts, science and commerce, and post-graduate courses in Bengali, English and history.[12][13]

Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya was established in 1970 at Balurghat. Affiliated with the University of Gour Banga, it offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, geography, philosophy, political science, education, mass communication & journalism, botany and zoology, and general courses in arts and bio-science.[14][15]

Balurghat Law College was established in 2001 at Balurghat. It is affiliated with the University of Gour Banga and approved by the Bar Council of India. It offers a 5-year integrated course leading to the B.A. Ll.B. (Hons) degree.[16][17]

The privately managed 'Balurghat College for Dental and Medical Sciences' is under construction.

Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya (Majhian Campus) is situated near Balurghat town, at Manipur.

Schools: There is a total of 15 state-government-supported higher-secondary schools in the town.

Festivals[edit]

Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Chhath Puja, Saraswati Puja, Biswakarma Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi and Saraswati puja are widely celebrated at Balurghat. Bolla Kali Puja is celebrated at Bolla, approximately 15 kilometres (9 miles) from Balurghat, in late November each year.

Healthcare[edit]

  • Balurghat General Hospital (District Hospital) has 600 beds
  • Balurghat Police Hospital has 50 beds
  • Balurghat Poura Hospital and Matri Sadan has 32 beds[18]
  • Balurghat Super Specialty Hospital
  • Balurghat College for Dental and Medical Sciences (under construction)
  • Matrisadan, Balurghat is a pathological laboratory with multifacilities and special care for female patients
  • Sonoscan Healthcare is multi-specialty pathological
  • Balurghat Nursing Home
  • Majumdar Nursing Home
  • Dishard Healthpoint
  • Apollo Diagnostics
  • Lifeline Health Service & S.C. Bose Diagnostics * Basanti Nursing Home

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  2. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Balurghat, India".
  4. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Dakshin Dinajpur". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Dakshin Dinajpur District Police". Know your PS. District Police. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Dakshin Dinajpur, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Dakshin Dinajpur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  7. ^ "BDO Offices under Dakshin Dinajpur District". Department of Mass Education Extension & Library Services, Government of West Bengal. West Bengal Public Library Network. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ Balurghat, from Encyclopædia Britannica.
  11. ^ "55721x->55421 Malda Town-Balurghat Passenger". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Balurghat College". BC. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Balurghat College". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya". BMM. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Balurghat Law College". BLC. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Balurghat Law College". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 7 December 2018.

External links[edit]