Bangladesh–Iraq relations

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Bangladesh–Iraq relations refer to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Iraq.

History[edit]

After the Independence of Bangladesh in 1971, Iraq recognized Bangladesh as a sovereign country on 8 July 1972,[1] becoming the first Arab country to do so.[2] Bangladesh provided soldiers for patrolling the Iran–Iraq border in the aftermath of the Iran–Iraq War as part of the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group.[3] Bangladesh Army was part of the coalition in Operation Desert Storm that liberated Kuwait from Iraq.[4]

Bangladesh's Expatriates Welfare and Overseas Employment Minister Khandaker Mosharraf Hossain and Iraq's Labour and Social Affairs Minister Nassar-Al-Rubaiee signed an Memorundam of Understanding to import labour from Bangladesh in 2009.[5] Iraq has a resident embassy in Bangladesh.[6] Bangladesh has expressed support for the territorial integrity of Iraq in 2008.[7]

Economic relations[edit]

Bangladesh has sent migrant workers to Iraq, before the Second Gulf War but stopped after the war. In 2009 Bangladesh started to send workers to Iraq again.[8] Bangladeshi workers in Iraq have faced harassment and violence from both security forces and rebels.[9][10] As of 2016, 43 thousand Bangladeshis are employed in Iraq.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin. Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 9788176484695. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  2. ^ Mudiam, Prithvi Ram. India and the Middle East. British Academic Press. p. 63. ISBN 9781850437031. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Bangladesh & The World". 15th Anniversary Special. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Kuwait to hire more Bangladeshi troops". New Age. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Iraq to recruit construction workers from Bangladesh". The Daily Star. 31 August 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Iraq wants stronger bilateral relations with Bangladesh". Bangladesh Business News. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Bangladesh wants closer relations with Iraq". People's Daily. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Manpower export to Iraq resumes". The Daily Star. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  9. ^ "Bangladeshi workers demonstrate for safety". The Daily Star. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  10. ^ "15 freed Bangladeshis return home from Iraq". The Daily Star. 19 July 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  11. ^ "Bangladesh asks Iraq to ensure security of its expats". The Daily Star. 22 November 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hossain, Ishtiaq (April 1997). "Bangladesh and the Gulf War: Response of a Small State". Pakistan Horizon. 50 (2): 39–55. JSTOR 41393571.