Bangladesh–Jordan relations

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Bangladesh-Jordan relations
Map indicating locations of Bangladesh and Jordan

Bangladesh

Jordan

Bangladesh–Jordan relations refer to the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Jordan.

History[edit]

United States diplomat Kissinger sent letters in 1971 to King Hussein, encouraging Jordan's participation in the Bangladesh Liberation War. President Nixon encouraged Jordan to send military supplies to Pakistan.[1]:61 With Nixon's permission, Jordan sent ten F-104 aircraft and was promised replacements from the United States. The United States also sent military supplies to West Pakistan and routed them through Jordan.[2] Six of Jordan's aircraft failed to return.[3]

Agricultural cooperation[edit]

In 2011, Bangladesh and Jordan signed a memorandum of understanding on agricultural cooperation. According to the MoU, the two countries "will exchange scientific materials and information and exchange visits of scientists and engineers in the areas of agricultural science and technology, field level extension, agricultural production and agro-processing." Under the MoU, Bangladesh and Jordan plan to form a joint working group consisting of experts from both countries to facilitate cooperation in the sector.[4]

Economic relations[edit]

Bangladesh and Jordan have expressed interest in expanding trade and investment. Jordan is one of the largest Bangladeshi labour export markets.[5] In 2011, Jordan lifted a ban on the importation of labour from Bangladesh but tightened the recruitment process soon after as a result of some cases of sexual exploitation of the female workers and labor strikes.[6] In 2012, Bangladesh and Jordan signed a memorandum of understanding in order to monitor migration, ensure the safety of migrants and reduce migration costs.[7] In the same year, Bangladesh and Jordan prepared a draft agreement to enhance cooperation on trade. According to the agreement, the two countries will grant "Most Favored Nation" status to each other and establish a joint trade committee.[8]

Bangladeshi labour in Jordan[edit]

As of 2011, there were about 30,000 Bangladeshis living in Jordan, with most working in service industries.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alvandi, Roham (November 2016). Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The United States and Iran in the Cold War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190610685. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ Shalom, Stephen R., The Men Behind Yahya in the Indo-Pak War of 1971
  3. ^ Leonard, Thomas M. (2006). Encyclopedia of the Developing World. Taylor & Francis. p. 806. ISBN 978-0-415-97664-0.
  4. ^ "Bangladesh, Jordan sign MoU on agri cooperation". New Age. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Jordan to recruit Bangladeshi female domestic helps". The Financial Express. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Jordan jobs made tough". The Daily Star. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Bangladesh, Jordan sign MoU". Daily Sun. 26 April 2012.
  8. ^ "BD, Jordan to sign trade deal soon". The Financial Express. Retrieved 22 June 2014.