Bank of Baroda

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Bank of Baroda
Public
Traded as
ISININE028A01039
IndustryBanking
Financial Services
Founded20 July 1908; 111 years ago (1908-07-20)
FounderSayajirao Gaekwad III
Headquarters
Vadodara, Gujarat
,
India[1]
Number of locations
9583 branches[2] (2019)
Area served
India & Worldwide
Key people
ServicesConsumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, investment banking, mortgage loans, private banking, private equity, savings, Securities, asset management, wealth management
RevenueIncrease 50,305 crore (US$7.3 billion)[4] (2019)
Decrease 1,664 crore (US$240 million)[4] (2019)
Decrease -2,431 crore (US$−350 million)[5] (2019)
Total assetsIncrease 719,999 crore (US$100 billion)[4] (2019)
Total equityIncrease 530 crore (US$77 million)[4] (2019)
Owner Government of India (69.2%)[6]
Number of employees
85,000[4] (2019)
Capital ratio12.13% (2019)[4]
Websitewww.bankofbaroda.com

Bank of Baroda (BOB) is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company. It is owned by Government of India.It is second largest public sector bank in India with a business mix of close to US$225 Billions.

Based on 2019 data, it is ranked 1145 on Forbes Global 2000 list.[7][8] BoB has total assets in excess of 3.58 trillion (making it India's 2nd biggest bank by assets),[9] a network of 9583 branches in India and abroad, and 10441 ATMs as of July, 2017.[10] The government of India announced the merger of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank on September 17, 2018 to create the country's third largest lender. The amalgamation is the first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in the country, with a combined business of Rs 14.82 lakh crore, making it the third largest bank after State Bank of India (SBI) and ICICI Bank.[11]

The Maharaja of Baroda, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, founded the bank on 20 July 1908 in the Princely State of Baroda, in Gujarat.[12] The Government of India nationalized the bank, along with 13 other major commercial banks of India on 19 July 1969; the bank has been designated as a profit-making public sector undertaking(PSU).

As many as 10 banks have been merged with Bank of Baroda to date.[13]

History[edit]

Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the founder of Bank of Baroda

In 1908, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, set up the Bank of Baroda (BoB),[14] with other stalwarts of industry such as Sampatrao Gaekwad, Ralph Whitenack, Vithaldas Thakersey, Tulsidas Kilachand and NM Chokshi.[15] Two years later, BoB established its first branch in Ahmedabad. The bank grew domestically until after World War II. Then in 1953 it crossed the Indian Ocean to serve the communities of Indians in Kenya and Indians in Uganda by establishing a branch each in Mombasa and Kampala. The next year it opened a second branch in Kenya, in Nairobi, and in 1956 it opened a branch in Tanzania at Dar-es-Salaam. Then in 1957, BoB took a big step abroad by establishing a branch in London. London was the center of the British Commonwealth and the most important international banking center. In 1958 BoB acquired Hind Bank (Calcutta; est. 1943), which became BoB's first domestic acquisition.

1960s[edit]

In 1961, BoB acquired New Citizen Bank of India. This merger helped it increase its branch network in Maharashtra. BoB also opened a branch in Fiji. The next year it opened a branch in Mauritius

In 1963, BoB acquired Surat Banking Corporation in Surat, Gujarat. The next year BoB acquired two banks: Umbergaon People's Bank in southern Gujarat and Tamil Nadu Central Bank in Tamil Nadu state.

In 1965, BoB opened a branch in Guyana. That same year BoB lost its branch in Narayanganj (East Pakistan) due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It is unclear when BoB had opened the branch. In 1967 it suffered a second loss of branches when the Tanzanian government nationalised BoB's three branches there at (Dar es Salaam, Mwanga, and Moshi), and transferred their operations to the Tanzanian government-owned National Banking Corporation.

In 1969, the Indian government nationalised 14 top banks including BoB. BoB incorporated its operations in Uganda as a 51% subsidiary, with the government owning the rest.

1970s[edit]

In 1972, BoB acquired Bank of India's operations in Uganda. Two years later, BoB opened a branch each in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Back in India, in 1975, BoB acquired the majority shareholding and management control of Bareilly Corporation Bank (est. 1954) and Nainital Bank (est. in 1922), both in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand respectively. Since then, Nainital Bank has expanded to Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi state. Right now BoB have 99% shareholding in Nainital Bank.

International expansion continued in 1976 with the opening of a branch in Oman and another in Brussels. The Brussels branch was aimed at Indian firms from Mumbai (Bombay) engaged in diamond cutting and jewellery having business in Antwerp, a major center for diamond cutting.

Two years later, BoB opened a branch in New York and another in the Seychelles. Then in 1979, BoB opened a branch in Nassau, the Bahamas.

1980s[edit]

In 1980, BoB opened a branch in Bahrain and a representative office in Sydney, Australia. BoB, Union Bank of India and Indian Bank established IUB International Finance, a licensed deposit taker, in Hong Kong. Each of the three banks took an equal share. Eventually (in 1999), BoB would buy out its partners.

A second consortium or joint-venture bank followed in 1985. BoB (20%), Bank of India (20%), Central Bank of India (20%) and ZIMCO (Zambian government; 40%) established Indo-Zambia Bank in Lusaka. That same year BoB also opened an Offshore Banking Unit (OBU) in Bahrain.

Back in India, in 1988, BoB acquired Traders Bank, which had a network of 34 branches in Delhi.

1990s[edit]

In 1992, BoB opened an OBU in Mauritius, but closed its representative office in Sydney. The next year BoB took over the London branches of Union Bank of India and Punjab & Sind Bank (P&S). P&S's branch had been established before 1970 and Union Bank's after 1980. The Reserve Bank of India ordered the takeover of the two following the banks' involvement in the Sethia fraud in 1987 and subsequent losses.

Then in 1992 BoB incorporated its operations in Kenya into a local subsidiary. The next year, BoB closed its OBU in Bahrain.

In 1996, BoB Bank entered the capital market in December with an Initial Public Offering (IPO). The Government of India is still the largest shareholder, owning 66% of the bank's equity.

In 1997, BoB opened a branch in Durban. The next year BoB bought out its partners in IUB International Finance in Hong Kong. Apparently this was a response to regulatory changes following Hong Kong's reversion to the People's Republic of China. The now wholly owned subsidiary became Bank of Baroda (Hong Kong), a restricted license bank. BoB also acquired Punjab Cooperative Bank in a rescue. BoB incorporate a wholly–owned subsidiary, BOB Capital Markets, for broking business.

In 1999, BoB merged in Bareilly Corporation Bank in another rescue. At the time, Bareilly had 64 branches, including four in Delhi. In Guyana, BoB incorporated its branch as a subsidiary, Bank of Baroda Guyana. BoB added a branch in Mauritius and closed its Harrow Branch in London.

2000s[edit]

In 2000 BoB established Bank of Baroda (Botswana). The bank has three banking offices, two in Gaborone and one in Francistown. In 2002, BoB converted its subsidiary in Hong Kong from deposit taking company to a Restricted License Bank.

In 2002 BoB acquired Benares State Bank (BSB) at the Reserve Bank of India's request. BSB had been established in 1946 but traced its origins back to 1871 and its function as the treasury office of the Benares state. In 1964 BSB had acquired Bareilly Bank (est. 1934), with seven branches in western districts of Uttar Pradesh; BSB also had taken over Lucknow Bank in 1968. The acquisition of BSB brought BoB 105 new branches. Lucknow Bank, a unit bank with its only office in Aminabad, had been established in 1913. Also in 2002, BoB listed Bank of Baroda (Uganda) on the Uganda Securities Exchange (USE). The next year BoB opened an OBU in Mumbai.

In 2004 BoB acquired the failed south Gujarat Local Area Bank. BoB also returned to Tanzania by establishing a subsidiary in Dar-es-Salaam. BoB also opened a representative office each in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Guangdong, China.

In 2005 BoB built a Global Data Centre (DC) in Mumbai for running its centralised banking solution (CBS) and other applications in more than 1,900 branches across India and 20 other counties where the bank operates. BoB also opened a representative office in Thailand.

In 2006 BoB established an Offshore Banking Unit (OBU) in Singapore.

In 2007, its centenary year, BoB's total business crossed 2.09 trillion (short scale), its branches crossed 2000, and its global customer base 29 million people. In Hong Kong, Bank got Full Fledged Banking license and business of its Restricted License Banking subsidiary was taken over Bank of Baroda branch in Hong Kong w.e.f.01.04.2007.

In 2008 BoB opened a branch in Guangzhou, China (02/08/2008) and in Kenton, Harrow United Kingdom. BoB opened a joint venture life insurance company with Andhra Bank and Legal and General (UK) called IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company.

In 2009 Bank of Baroda (New Zealand) was registered.[16] As of 2017 BoB (NZ) has 3 branches: two in Auckland, one in Wellington.[17]

2010s[edit]

In 2010 Malaysia awarded a commercial banking licence to a locally incorporated bank to be jointly owned by Bank of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank and Andhra Bank.

In 2011 BoB opened an Electronic Banking Service Unit (EBSU) at Hamriya Free Zone, Sharjah (UAE). It also opened four new branches in existing operations in Uganda, Kenya (2), and Guyana. BoB closed its representative office in Malaysia in anticipation of the opening of its consortium bank there. BoB received 'In Principle' approval for the upgrading of its representative office in Australia to a branch. Bob also acquired Mumbai-based Memon Cooperative Bank, which had 225 employees and 15 branches in Maharashtra and three in Gujarat. It had to suspend operations in May 2009 due to its precarious financial condition.

The Malaysian consortium bank, India International Bank Malaysia (IIBM), finally opened in Kuala Lumpur, which has a large population of Indians. BOB owns 40%, Andhra Bank owns 25%, and IOB the remaining 35% of the share capital. IIBM seeks to open five branches within its first year of operations in Malaysia, and intends to grow to 15 branches within the next three years.

On 17 September 2018, the Government of India proposed the merger of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank with the Bank of Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the three banks.[18] The merger was approved by the Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks on 2 January 2019. Under the terms of the merger, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402 equity shares of the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value 2 for every 1,000 shares they held. The merger came into effect on 1 April 2019.[19] Post-merger, the Bank of Baroda is the third largest bank in India, after State Bank of India and HDFC Bank. The consolidated entity has over 9,500 branches,[20] 13,400 ATMs, 85,000 employees and serves 120 million customers.[21]

Bank of Baroda announced in May 2019 that it would either close or rationalise 800–900 branches to increase operational efficiency and reduce duplication post-merger. The regional and zonal offices of the merged companies would also be closed. PTI quoted an unnamed senior bank official as stating that Bank of Baroda would look to expand in eastern India as it already had a strong presence in the other regions.[22]

Subsidiaries[edit]

BOB Capital Markets (BOBCAPS) is a SEBI-registered investment banking company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.[23] It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Bank of Baroda.[24] Its financial services portfolio includes initial public offerings, private placement of debts, corporate restructuring, business valuation, mergers and acquisition, project appraisal, loan syndication, institutional equity research, and brokerage.

Bobcards Ltd is a credit card company, 100% subsidiary of Bank of Baroda. The company is in the business of Credit cards, Acquiring Business & back end support for Debit cards operations to Bank of Baroda. Bank of Baroda had introduced its first charged card named BOBCARD in the year 1984. The whole operation of this plastic card was managed by Credit card division of Bank of Baroda. It established a wholly-owned subsidiary, Bobcards Limited in the year 1994 to cater to the need of rapidly growing credit card industry in a focused manner. BOBCARDS Ltd is the first Non-banking company in India issuing credit cards.

The Nainital Bank Ltd. was established in the year 1922 with the objective to cater banking needs of the people of the region. In the year 1973, Reserve Bank of India directed Bank of Baroda, to manage the affairs of the Nainital Bank Limited.

International presence[edit]

The Bank has 107 branches/offices in 24 countries(excluding India) including 61 branches/offices of the bank, 38 branches of its 8 subsidiaries and 1 representative office in Thailand. The Bank of Baroda has a joint venture in Zambia with 16 branches.[25]

Among the Bank of Baroda's overseas branches are ones in the world's major financial centres (e.g., New York, London, Dubai, Hong Kong, Brussels and Singapore), as well as a number in other countries. The bank is engaged in retail banking via the branches of subsidiaries in Botswana, Guyana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The bank plans has recently upgraded its representative office in Australia to a branch and set up a joint venture commercial bank in Malaysia. It has a large presence in Mauritius with about nine branches spread out in the country.[26]

The Bank of Baroda has received permission or in-principle approval from host country regulators to open new offices in Trinidad and Tobago and Ghana, where it seeks to establish joint ventures or subsidiaries. The bank has received Reserve Bank of India approval to open offices in the Maldives, and New Zealand. It is seeking approval for operations in Bahrain, South Africa, Kuwait, Mozambique, and Qatar, and is establishing offices in Canada, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. It also has plans to extend its existing operations in the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, and Botswana.

The tagline of Bank of Baroda is "India's International Bank".

Affiliates[edit]

IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company is a joint venture between Bank of Baroda (44%) and fellow Indian state-owned bank Andhra Bank (30%), and UK's financial and investment company Legal & General (26%).[27] It was incorporated in November, 2009 and has its headquarters in Mumbai.[27] The company started strongly, achieving a turnover in excess of 2 billion in its first four and half months.[28][29][30]

Bank of Baroda and HDFC Bank are partner banks in Chillr Mobile app. Non-partner bank customers can only receive funds. Only the mobile number of the beneficiary in the remitter's phonebook is needed. Application enables customers to send money to any registered Chillr user on phone contact list.[citation needed]

Honours[edit]

  • Best Public Sector Bank Award under the category of Global Business at the Dun & Bradstreet Banking Awards 2015.
  • The Government of India awarded Bank with the 1st Prize in the Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Shield

Competition in Region 'B'. on Hindi Diwas 2014. Further, Bank was awarded first prize for 'B' Region and second prizes for Region 'A' and 'B' by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under the RBI Rajbhasha Shield Competition.

  • BML Munjal award in Public Sector Category for Business Excellence Through Learning & Development –2015.[31]
  • Excellence in Banking (PSU Sector) at the 5th My FM Stars of the Industry Awards recently held in Mumbai on 30.01.2015
  • National Prize – First Rank in Innovative Training Practices for the year 2014 from ―Indian Society for Training and Development‖ (ISTD).
  • Golden Peacock National Training Award for the year 2014 under the aegis of Institute of Directors, New Delhi.
  • Champion of Champions Award at the 54th annual ABCI Awards 2015, for 6 Categories- Indian

Language Publication – Bronze; Exhibition Collateral – Gold; Wall Calendar 2014 – Silver; Environmental Communication – Silver; E-Zine – Bronze; Corporate Film – Gold.

  • 3 Awards at the IBA Banking Technology Awards 2014 – 15, Winner in Best Financial Inclusion

Initiative; First Runner up in Training & Human Resources, E - learning Initiatives; First Runner up in ―Best Use of Data.

  • Best Bank - Global Business Development (Public Sector) & Best Bank – Overall (Public Sector) Award in Dun & Bradstreet – Polaris Financial Technology Banking Awards 2014.
  • Skoch Order of Merit in India's Best 2014 Financial Inclusion & Deepening Awards 2014.
  • ASSOCHAM Social Banking Excellence Award under Public Sector Banks category, in recognition of the significant initiatives being undertaken by the Bank in social banking sphere.
  • The Most Efficient Public Sector Bank‘ for the year 2014 by Dalal Street Investment Journal in the Best PSU's of India Awards‘.[32]

Recent developments[edit]

  • Bank of Baroda acquired the semi naming rights of Sikanderpur Metro Station in Gurugram. This is the first time that a public sector bank has bagged the naming right of a metro station.[33] They followed a similar approach with Mumbai Metro where Andheri metro station has been named as Bank of Baroda Andheri[34]
  • Bank of Baroda sealed a 3-year principal sponsorship contract with Olympics 2016 Women's badminton Silver medalist PV Sindhu and India's No 1 ranked Men's Badminton player K Srikanth.[35]
  • Bank of Baroda became the first National Supporter (Indian sponsor) of the FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017, the first football World Cup to be hosted in India[36]
  • After the merger of Dena bank and Vijaya Bank with Bank of Baroda effective April 1, 2019 it has become the India's third largest lender behind SBI and ICICI bank.[37]

Recent Issues[edit]

On the 4 September 2017 the South Africa Financial Intelligence Centre fined Bank of Baroda 11 million (equivalent to US$837,000) by for flouting anti-corruption laws in transactions on accounts owned by the Gupta family.[38] Following the flagging of 36 suspicious transactions through Gupta-family-owned accounts over a ten-month period valued at 4.2 billion, the bank tried to close the accounts.[39] The Gupta family has filed an interdict against the bank to prevent it from closing their accounts.[40] During February 2018, it was announced that the Bank of Baroda has given notification to the South African Reserve Bank that it will be exiting the country.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact Us". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Offices & Branches". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Board of Directors". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Abridged Annual Report 2019" (PDF). Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Abridged Annual Report 2018" (PDF). Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  6. ^ "The Shareholding Pattern page of Bank of Baroda presents the Promoter's holding". Economic Times. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Bank of Baroda". Forbes. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Resilience to help Bank of Baroda stay a step ahead of peers". Economictimes. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Technology is revolutionising supply-chain finance". The Economist. 12 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Bank of Baroda Branches". bankifsccodes.co.in. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank send merger proposal for govt nod". Economic Times. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  12. ^ "About us - The Heritage". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  13. ^ Tiwari, Dheeraj (18 April 2017). "After the SBI merger, Punjab National Bank and Bank of Baroda may take over smaller lenders". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
  14. ^ "Bank of Baroda - India's International Bank - About Us - The Heritage". bankofbaroda.com. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  15. ^ "The Heroes". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  16. ^ "About Us". Bank of Baroda New Zealand Ltd. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Bank of Baroda Branches - New Zealand". Banks in New Zealand. 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank to be merged". The Economic Times. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank merger with BoB to be effective from April 1; here's the share exchange plan". Business Today. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Amalgamation of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank". bankofbaroda.com. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Bank of Baroda is now third largest lender as Dena, Vijaya merger take effect". Livemint. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  22. ^ "Merger impact: Bank of Baroda looks to rationalise 800-900 branches". Mint. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Contact Us". BOB Capital Markets Ltd. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  24. ^ "BOB Capital to begin e-broking by March-end". Business-standard.com. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  25. ^ "India's International Bank - International". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  26. ^ "India's International Bank - Branch Locator - Overseas Branches - Mauritius". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  27. ^ a b anurag. "IndiaFirst Life Insurance becomes the 23rd life insurer in India". Banknet India. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  28. ^ "IndiaFirst new business premium crosses Rs 200 crore-Finance-Banking/Finance-News By Industry-News-". The Economic Times. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010. IndiaFirst Life today said it has collected first year premium of over Rs 200 crore in just four and half months since the insurance company became operational.
  29. ^ "IndiaFirst Life Insurance to begin operations by Dec". The Hindu BusinessLine. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  30. ^ "IndiaFirst Life eyes Rs 100 crore". dnaindia.com. 26 December 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  31. ^ "BML MUNJAL AWARDS". bmlmunjalawards.com. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  32. ^ "PSU awards 2014". dsij.in. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  33. ^ "Bank of Baroda gets semi-naming rights for Sikanderpur metro station". Business Line.
  34. ^ "Andheri Metro station renamed to Bank of Baroda Andheri Metro station". Freepressjournal : Latest Indian news,Live updates. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  35. ^ "Bank of Baroda endorses PV Sindhu, K Srikanth". The Economic Times.
  36. ^ "Bank of Baroda becomes first national supporter for the FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017". FIFA.
  37. ^ Agarwal, Nikhil (31 March 2019). "Dena Bank, Vijaya Bank merges with Bank of Baroda: 10 things to know". Mint. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  38. ^ "FIC fines Bank of Baroda for flouting anti-corruption laws". Moneyweb. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  39. ^ Marrian, Natasha (11 September 2017). "How Bank of Baroda was overwhelmed by suspicious Gupta-linked accounts". Business Day. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  40. ^ Cowan, Kyle (8 September 2017). "Judgment day for Guptas' Baroda bank accounts". Sunday Times. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  41. ^ "Bank of Baroda is leaving South Africa".
  42. ^ "Life Insurance|term plan|investment plans - IndiaFirst Life Insurance". Indiafirstlife.com. Retrieved 13 September 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tripathi, Dwijendra and Priti Misra (1985). Towards a New Frontier: History of the Bank of Baroda, 1908–1983. (New Delhi, India: Manohar), SAYEED INDIAN.

External links[edit]

Media related to Bank of Baroda at Wikimedia Commons