Bantenese language

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Bantenese language
Bahasa Sunda Banten
RegionBanten and West Java, Indonesia
Native speakers
3,350,000 (2015)[1]
Sundanese script
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologbant1285[2]

Bantenese language, Western Sundanese language or Western Sundanese dialect is a dialect of Sundanese language spoken by the Bantenese and Sundanese native to Banten and the western side of Bogor Regency. The western Bogor area comprises the Jasinga Raya region, which covers Jasinga,[3] Cigudeg, Tenjo, Nanggung, Parungpanjang, Sukajaya districts[4] and also the northwestern parts of Sukabumi Regency. The Bantenese language is the lingua franca of the Kasepuhan Ciptagelar traditional community in Cisolok subdistrict, and the Kasepuhan Banten Kidul traditional community.[5]

The regional government of Banten is currently making a significant approach to preserve this dialect through a news program entitled Beja ti Lembur, which was aired by the regional CTV Banten network in Bantenese language.[6]

Geographic distribution[edit]

Area of the Mataram Sultanate kingdom that controls the Parahyangan region.

The Bantenese language in general does not recognize registers of language, due to the fact that Banten was never under the rule or influence of the Mataram Sultanate,[7] differed from the Priangan dialect spoken in the Parahyangan region. This has caused the Bantenese language to be seen as a language that is still closely related to the old Sundanese language.

Linguistic map of West Java, Banten and Jakarta.

Today, the Bantenese language is categorized as a western dialect of Sundanese language.[8] This dialect is generally spoken mostly in the southern region of Banten, which are Lebak (including Cilangkahan region), and Pandeglang Regency (including Caringin and Cibaliung). In the northern Serang Regency, this language is used daily by the people of Ciomas, Pabuaran, Padarincang, Cinangka, Baros, Petir, Cikeusal, Kopo, Cikande, Pamarayan and parts of Anyar subdistrict.[9] This dialect is also used by Sundanese transmigrants in Central Lampung Regency, Lampung.[10]

In Serang Regency, Bantenese language and Bantenese Javanese are both used daily by the people of Anyar, Mancak, Waringinkurung, Taktakan, Cipocok Jaya, Walantaka, as well as Kragilan subdistrict.[9] This dialect is also used in some parts of Tangerang Regency,[11] especially in its southern, southwestern, midwest and northern parts,[12] as well as in cities of Tangerang and South Tangerang.[13]

The Baduy people in the Leuwidamar subdistrict of the Lebak Regency are active speakers of another Sundanese language dialect known as Baduy dialect.[14]

Language comparisons[edit]

Vocabulary[edit]

English Indonesian Bantenese dialect Priangan dialect
very sangat jasa pisan
he/her dia nyana anjeunna
difficult susah gati hésé
just like seperti doang kawas
never before tidak pernah tilok tara
I saya aing abdi/sim kuring
you (singular) kamu sia/dia/maneh anjeun
you (plural) kalian daria/maraneh aranjeun
we kita araing arurang
they mereka maranehna aranjeuna
see melihat nyeuleu/noong ningal/nénjo
eat makan hakan/jablog tuang/dahar
why kenapa pan kunaon/naha
cassava singkong dangdeur sampeu
want ingin/mau arék/hayang badé/hoyong
don't want tidak mau embung/endung alim
in front depan hareup payun
behind belakang tukang pengker
troublesome repot haliwu rébut
clothing baju jamang acuk
friend teman orok batur/rencang
blood darah mokia getih

Phrases[edit]

Examples of comparison in phrases:

When making a statement[edit]

Bantenese dialect Jeuh aing mah embung jasa jadi doang jelma nu kedul!
Priangan dialect Ah abdi mah alim janten jalmi nu pangedulan téh!
Indonesian language Wah saya sangat tidak ingin menjadi orang yang malas!
English I really do not want to be a lazy person!

When inviting a female friend for a meal[edit]

Bantenese dialect Téh, manéh arék hakan teu?
Priangan dialect Téh, badé tuang heula?
Indonesian language Kak, mau makan tidak?
English Sister, would you like to eat?

When shopping[edit]

Bantenese dialect Lamun ieu dangdeur na sabarahaan mang? Tong mahal jasa.
Priangan dialect Dupi ieu sampeu sabarahaan mang? Teu kénging awis pisan nya.
Indonesian language Kalau harga singkong ini berapa om? Jangan kemahalan.
English How much price for this cassava uncle? Please don't be too expensive.

When showing[edit]

Bantenese dialect Eta diditu maranehna orok aing
Priangan dialect Eta palih ditu réréncangan abdi.
Indonesian language Itu di sebelah sana teman-teman saya.
English Those people over there are my friends.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mikael Parkvall. Världens 100 största språk 2007. Nationalencyklopedin.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Banten". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Jasinga, Bagian Bogor yang Banten Secara Kultural". HEIBOGOR. 4 September 2015. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  4. ^ Kalakay Jasinga (25 April 2016). "Asal Usul Nama Jasinga". Kecamatan Jasinga Kabupaten Bogor. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  5. ^ Watchdoc Image (29 November 2015). "KASEPUHAN CIPTAGELAR (full movie)". YouTube. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  6. ^ Dr. Taufiqurokhman, Hari Widodo, SH. MH., Muhammad Gunawan & Sulaeman Lambe (2014). "Warisan Budaya Banten" (PDF). Biro Humas & Protokol Setda Provinsi Banten. Retrieved 2017-07-18.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Claude Guillot, Hasan Muarif Ambary & Jacques Dumarçay (1990). Banten. Gramedia Book Publishing Division. ISBN 97-940-3922-5.
  8. ^ "Bahasa Sunda Tangerang (Aing Tangerang Jasa) - Baca Tangerang". www.bacatangerang.com. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  9. ^ a b Agus Suriamiharja, Hidayat & Yoyo Mulyana (1981). Geografi dialek Sunda di Kabupaten Serang. Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaa. OCLC 64958736.
  10. ^ "Kabupaten Lampung Tengah | Anjungan Lampung". anjunganlampung.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2017-10-24.
  11. ^ "Mulok Bahasa Sunda Terancam Punah". Tangsel Pos. 28 August 2015. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
  12. ^ Taufik Ampera, Cece Subarna & Tien Wartini (2004). Bahasa dan sastra daerah di Kabupaten Tangerang : pengkajian budaya dan nilai-nilai tradisional pengkajian budaya dan nilai-nilai tradisional. Pemerintah Kabupaten Tangerang.
  13. ^ Multamia R. M. T. Lauder (1993). Pemetaan dan distribusi bahasa-bahasa di Tangerang. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. ISBN 97-945-9368-0.
  14. ^ "Language: Badui". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2017-07-18.