|Barony of Rothschild|
Quarterly: 1st, Or an eagle displayed Sable langued Gules; 2nd, Azure issuing from the sinister flank an arm embowed proper grasping five arrows points downward Argent; 3rd, Azure issuing from the dexter flank an arm embowed proper grasping five arrows points downward Argent; 4th, Or a Lion rampant Gules; over all an escutcheon Gules charged with an oval target with pointed center Argent per bend sinister
|Creation date||29 June 1885|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Sir Nathan Rothschild|
|Present holder||Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild|
|Heir apparent||Nathaniel Philip Rothschild|
|Remainder to||Heirs male of the body of the first baron; failing, heirs male of the sons of the first baron's brother|
|Former seat(s)||Tring Park Mansion|
|Motto||Concordia, integritas, industria ("Harmony, Integrity, Industry")|
Baron Rothschild, of Tring in the County of Hertfordshire, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1885 for Sir Nathan Rothschild, 2nd Baronet, a member of the Rothschild banking family. He was the first Jewish member of the House of Lords not to have previously converted to Christianity. The current holder of the title is Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild, who inherited the title in 1990.
The Rothschild baronetcy, of Tring Park, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1847 for Anthony de Rothschild, a banker and politician, with remainder to the male issue of his elder brother, Lionel de Rothschild, the first ever Member of Parliament of the Jewish faith. Both Anthony and Lionel were the sons of the influential financier Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), founder of the English branch of the family.
The first Baronet was succeeded according to the special remainder by his nephew, the aforementioned second Baronet, who was elevated to the peerage in 1885. Although other ethnic Jews such as Sampson Eardley and Benjamin Disraeli had received peerages, both were brought up as Christians from childhood and Eardley's Irish title did not entitle him to sit in the Lords. Rothschild was thus the first person of Jewish faith to sit in the House of Lords. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Walter, the second Baron. He was a banker and politician but is best remembered for his interest in zoology. He died without issue and his brother had predeceased him, so upon his death, the titles passed to his nephew Victor, the third Baron. He was the son of the Hon. Charles Rothschild.
There is also a title of Baron de Rothschild (Freiherr von Rothschild) in the Austrian nobility. In 1838, Queen Victoria authorized the use of this Austrian title in the United Kingdom by Lionel de Rothschild and certain other members of the Rothschild family. However, the use of such foreign titles in the United Kingdom was subsequently limited by a warrant of 27 April 1932.
Rothschild baronets, of Tring Park (1847)
- Sir Anthony Nathan de Rothschild, 1st Baronet (1810–1876)
- Sir Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 2nd Baronet (1840–1915) (created Baron Rothschild in 1885)
Barons Rothschild (1885)
- Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (1840–1915)
- Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (1868–1937)
- Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild, 3rd Baron Rothschild (1910–1990)
- Nathaniel Charles Jacob Rothschild, 4th Baron Rothschild (b. 1936)
Line of succession
According to the rules of inheritance of British peerages, the title is passed to the closest male heir (usually the eldest son) bypassing any daughters or other female family members.
- The Hon. Nathaniel Philip Rothschild (b. 1971), only son of the fourth Baron.
- James Amschel Victor Rothschild (b. 1985), nephew of the fourth Baron.
There are no other living male-line descendants of the first Baron (so the succession currently ends there); but there are living male-line descendants of Lionel Nathan de Rothschild who are in remainder to the baronetcy only.