Bartolomeo d'Alviano

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Bartolomeo d'Alviano
Bellini, Giovanni - Giovanni Emo - NGA.jpg
Portrait, possibly of Bartolomeo d'Alviano, by Giovanni Bellini
Count of Alviano
In office
Preceded by Francesco d'Alviano
Succeeded by Livio d'Alviano
Lord of Pordenone
In office
Succeeded by Livio d'Alviano
Personal details
Born 1455
Todi, province of Perugia
Died October 7, 1515(1515-10-07) (aged 59–60)
Ghedi, province of Brescia
Resting place Chiesa di Santo Stefano di Venezia
  • Bartolomea Orsini
  • Pantasilea Baglioni
Children Marco, Livio, Lucrezia, Isabella, Porzia
Mother Isabella degli Atti
Father Francesco d'Alviano
Military service
Allegiance Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Pontifical States
Blason Royaume d'Aragon ancien.svg Kingdom of Aragon
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg Republic of Venice
Service/branch Mercenary
Years of service 1496-1515
Rank Condottiero

Bartolomeo d'Alviano (1455 – October 1515) was an Italian condottiero and captain who distinguished himself in the defence of the Venetian Republic against the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian.


Born in 1455 in a noble family in Umbria at Todi,[1][2] the son of Francesco d'Alviano and Isabella degli Atti,[3] Bartolomeo fought very early in his life in Central Italy, serving in the Papal States and, in 1496, the Orsini family against Pope Alexander VI and the Colonna.

In 1503, hired by Ferdinand II of Spain, he was determinant in the victory at the Battle of Garigliano over the French army, which started the Spanish domination over southern Italy. At the beginning of 1505 he was employed by the Venetians and was granted a cavalry captaincy by the Senate with an annual pay of 150 gold pounds.[4] In 1507, together with Nicolò Orsini, Bartolomeo was hired by the Republic of Venice. The following year he defeated the Imperial Army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor in Cadore, at Mauria and Pontebba, conquering Gorizia and Trieste. In the same year Pordenone also fell and the Serenissima assigned its signory to d'Alviano himself (the town will be ruled by d'Alviano family until 1539).

In 1509 (the year he began the construction of new city walls at Padua), however, he was crushingly defeated at the Battle of Agnadello, being also wounded in the fray. D'Alviano was charged of the result, as he allegedly attacked the enemy without the authorisation of Orsini, then commander-in-chief. Captured by the French, he remained a prisoner until 1513. In 1513, after the alliance between France and Venice against the Duchy of Milan, he was freed, and later fought under the French commander Louis de la Trémoille. He was defeated at the Battle of Vicenza by the Spanish Viceroy of Naples Ramón de Cardona.

Later d'Alviano again conquered, and sacked, Pordenone, which in the meantime had fallen again to the House of Habsburg. He was subsequently a protagonist of the French victory at Marignano (September 1515), in which he attacked the Swiss mercenaries with a corps of only 300 knights. Later he managed to conquer also Bergamo,[5] but died in October of the same year during the siege of Brescia.[6]

He was buried in the church of Santo Stefano in Venice.[7]


  1. ^ "Comune d'Alviano" (in Italian). Halley Informatica. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Rickard, J. (15 October 2014). "Bartolomeo d'Alviano (1455-1515)". History of War. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  3. ^ The family degli Atti were lords of Todi.
  4. ^ Bembo, Pietro. History of Venice. Book VII. 5. 
  5. ^ The Art Quarterly. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1950. 
  6. ^ Montaigne, Michel (25 March 2004). The Complete Essays. Translated by Screech, M. A. Penguin UK. p. 78. ISBN 9780141915937. 
  7. ^ Molmenti, Pompeo (1907). Venice: Its Individual Growth from the Earliest Beginnings to the Fall of the Republic. 2. Translated by Brown, Horatio Forbes. J. Murray. p. 208. 

In fiction[edit]

A fictional version of Bartolomeo d'Alviano appears in the video games Assassin's Creed II, Assassin's Creed: Project Legacy and Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood as a member of the Order of the Assassins. In-game databases claim that Alviano is his place of birth, likely because of his illegitimate "surname".


  • Rendina, Claudio (1994). I capitani di ventura. Rome: Newton & Compton.