Baselines of the Chinese territorial sea

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China declared its baselines for its maritime territory on 15 May 1996.[1] The baselines were for the Chinese mainland and also for the Paracel (Xisha) Islands.

The baselines for the mainland consist of a series of straight lines linking 49 basepoints situated on the outer edge along and outer islands off the coast of China. For the Paracel Islands, the baselines consist of a series of straight lines linking 28 basepoints located on the outer islands of the group.

Baselines legislation and principles[edit]

The 1996 declaration of China's baselines is based on its law on its territorial sea and the contiguous zone which was adopted on 25 February 1992. Wuqiuyu and Dongdingdao etc. are under the control of the Republic of China (Taiwan) as part of Kinmen County.

Basepoints[edit]

Mainland[edit]

Point Location Latitude Longitude Remarks
1. Shandonggaojiao (1) 37° 24.0' N 122° 42.3' E
2. Shandonggaojiao (2) 37° 23.7' N 122° 42.3' E
3. Moyedao (1) 36° 57.8' N 122° 34.2' E
4. Moyedao (2) 36° 55.1' N 122° 32.7' E
5. Moyedao (3) 36° 53.7' N 122° 31.1' E
6. Sushandao 36° 44.8' N 122° 15.8' E
7. Chaoliandao 35° 53.6' N 120° 53.1' E
8. Dashandao 35° 00.2' N 119° 54.2' E
9. Macaiheng 33° 21.8' N 121° 20.8' E
10. Waikejiao 33° 00.9' N 121° 38.4' E
11. Sheshandao 31° 25.3' N 122° 14.6' E
12. Haijiao 30° 44.1' N 123° 09.4' E
13. Dongnanjiao 30° 43.5' N 123° 09.7' E
14. Liangxiongdiyu 30° 10.1' N 122° 56.7' E
15. Yushanliedao 28° 53.3' N 122° 16.5' E
16. Taizhouliedao (1) 28° 23.9' N 121° 55.0' E
17. Taizhouliedao (2) 28° 23.5' N 121° 54.7' E
18. Daotiaoshan 27° 27.9' N 121° 07.8' E
19. Dongyindao 26° 22.6' N 120° 30.4' E
20. Dongshadao 26° 09.4' N 120° 24.3' E
21. Niushandao 25° 25.8' N 119° 56.3' E
22. Wuqiuyu 24° 58.6' N 119° 28.7' E
23. Dongdingdao 24° 09.7' N 118° 14.2' E
24. Daganshan 23° 31.9' N 117° 41.3' E
25. Nanpengliedao (1) 23° 12.9' N 117° 14.9' E
26. Nanpengliedao (2) 23° 12.3' N 117° 13.9' E
27. Shibeishanjiao 22° 56.1' N 116° 29.7' E
28. Zhentouyan 22° 18.9' N 115° 07.5' E
29. Jiapengliedao 21° 48.5' N 113° 58.0' E
30. Weijiadao 21° 34.1' N 112° 47.9' E
31. Dafanshi 21° 27.7' N 112° 21.5' E
32. Qizhouliedao 19° 58.5' N 111° 16.4' E
33. Shuangfan 19° 53.0' N 111° 12.8' E
34. Dazhoudao (1) 18° 39.7' N 110° 29.6' E
35. Dazhoudao (2) 18° 39.4' N 110° 29.1' E
36. Shuangfanshi 18° 26.1' N 110° 08.4' E
37. Lingshuijiao 18° 23.0' N 110° 03.0' E
38. Dongzhou (1) 18° 11.0' N 109° 42.1' E
39. Dongzhou (2) 18° 11.0' N 109° 41.8' E
40. Jinmujiao 18° 09.5' N 109° 34.4' E
41. Shenshijiao 18° 14.6' N 109° 07.6' E
42. Xigudao 18° 19.3' N 108° 57.1' E
43. Yinggezui (1) 18° 30.2' N 108° 41.3' E
44. Yinggezui (2) 18° 30.4' N 108° 41.1' E
45. Yinggezui (3) 18° 31.0' N 108° 40.6' E
46. Yinggezui (4) 18° 31.1' N 108° 40.5' E
47. Gan'enjiao 18° 50.5' N 108° 37.3' E
48. Sigengshajiao 19° 11.6' N 108° 36.0' E
49. Junbijiao 19° 21.1' N 108° 38.6' E

Paracel Islands[edit]

Point Location Latitude Longitude Remarks
1. Dongdao (1) 16° 40.5' N 112° 44.2' E
2. Dongdao (2) 16° 40.1' N 112° 44.5' E
3. Dongdao (3) 16° 39.8' N 112° 44.7' E
4. Langhuajiao (1) 16° 04.4' N 112° 35.8' E
5. Langhuajiao (2) 16° 01.9' N 112° 32.7' E
6. Langhuajiao (3) 16° 01.5' N 112° 31.8' E
7. Langhuajiao (4) 16° 01.0' N 112° 29.8' E
8. Zhongjiandao (1) 15° 46.5' N 111° 12.6' E
9. Zhongjiandao (2) 15° 46.4' N 111° 12.1' E
10. Zhongjiandao (3) 15° 46.4' N 111° 11.8' E
11. Zhongjiandao (4) 15° 46.5' N 111° 11.6' E
12. Zhongjiandao (5) 15° 46.7' N 111° 11.4' E
13. Zhongjiandao (6) 15° 46.9' N 111° 11.3' E
14. Zhongjiandao (7) 15° 47.2' N 111° 11.4' E
15. Beijiao (1) 17° 04.9' N 111° 26.9' E
16. Beijiao (2) 17° 05.4' N 111° 26.9' E
17. Beijiao (3) 17° 05.7' N 111° 27.2' E
18. Beijiao (4) 17° 06.0' N 111° 27.8' E
19. Beijiao (5) 17° 06.5' N 111° 29.2' E
20. Beijiao (6) 17° 07.0' N 111° 31.0' E
21. Beijiao (7) 17° 07.1' N 111° 31.6' E
22. Beijiao (8) 17° 06.9' N 111° 32.0' E
23. Zhaoshudao (1) 16° 59.9' N 112° 14.7' E
24. Zhaoshudao (2) 16° 59.7' N 112° 15.6' E
25. Zhaoshudao (3) 16° 59.4' N 112° 16.6' E
26. Beidao 16° 58.4' N 112° 18.3' E
27. Zhongdao 16° 57.6' N 112° 19.6' E
28. Nandao 16° 56.9' N 112° 20.5' E

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea" (pdf). Legislation and Treaties. Law of the Sea (LOS). UN. 15 May 1996.