Battle of Nezib

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Battle of Nezib
Part of the Egyptian–Ottoman War (1839–1841)
Hafiz and von Moltke at Nezib.jpg
Von Moltke (left) advises Hafiz Pasha
Date24 June 1839
Mezar, southwest of Nezib[1]
Result Decisive Egyptian victory[2][3]
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Prince Ibrahim Pasha Ottoman Empire General Hafiz Osman Pasha
Ottoman Empire Captain Helmuth von Moltke
≈30,000–46,000[4] ≈30,000–80,000[4]
Casualties and losses
4,000 killed and wounded Very heavy

The Battle of Nezib or Battle of Nisib or Battle of Nizib[5][6] (present-day Nizip) was fought on 24 June 1839 between Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. The Egyptians were led by Ibrahim Pasha, while the Ottomans were led by Hafiz Osman Pasha, with Helmuth von Moltke the Elder playing an advisory role, in command of the Ottoman artillery.[7]

Several hours prior to when major combat began, Von Moltke had pleaded with Hafiz Pasha to withdraw to a more secure fortified position near Birecik and to await expected reinforcements, as Hafiz Pasha's forces were far outmatched in quality by the advancing Egyptians.[8] Initially Hafiz acquiesced to Moltke, but not long after he decided to maintain his army's position, due to the advice of his mullahs.[citation needed]

The Ottoman troops under Hafiz Pasha were positioned at Mezar, southwest of Nezib, with the Nezib river on their left. Ibrahim advanced his force, under heavy Ottoman artillery fire, towards the Ottoman lines. At the same time, the Ottoman line began to take Egyptian artillery fire, and were suffering losses. By the time Ibrahim's infantry had encountered the Ottoman line, Hafiz's army was in complete rout, the Egyptian artillery having broken their morale.[9]


  1. ^ Paton, Andrew Archibald (1870). A History of the Egyptian Revolution, from the Period of the Mamelukes to the Death of Mohammed Ali (PDF). II (2nd ed.). Trübner & Co. p. 133. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  2. ^ Wood, Anthony (1984). Europe, 1815-1960. Longman. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-582-35349-7.
  3. ^ Phillimore, Robert (1854). Commentaries Upon International Law. T. & J. W. Johnson. p. 332. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b Alison, Archibald, p.538.
  5. ^ Guest, John S. (2012). Survival Among The Kurds. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 978-1-136-15736-3.
  6. ^ "Mehemet Ali's Rebellion". Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  7. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, The Encyclopædia Britannica, p. 678. University of Virginia Press, 1911.
  8. ^ Ufford, Letitia W. (2007). The Pasha: How Mehemet Ali Defied the West, 1839-1841. McFarland. pp. 22–30. ISBN 978-0-7864-2893-9. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  9. ^ Masson, David, Macmillan's Magazine, p. 480. Macmillan and Co., 1882. Item notes: v.46 1882 May-Oct


  • Alison, Archibald, History of Europe from the Fall of Napoleon in 1815 to the Accession of Louis Napoleon in 1852, p. 538. W. Blackwood, 1856.
  • Chisholm, Hugh, The Encyclopædia Britannica, p. 678. University of Virginia Press, 1911
  • Masson, David, Macmillan's Magazine, p. 480. Macmillan and Co., 1882. Item notes: v.46 1882 May-Oct

Coordinates: 37°1′N 37°48′E / 37.017°N 37.800°E / 37.017; 37.800