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Showing hike to Bawangaja ji.JPG
Hike to Bawangaja Tirtha
FestivalsMahamastakabhisheka, Mahavir Jayanti
LocationBarwani, Madhya Pradesh
Bawangaja is located in Madhya Pradesh
Location within Madhya Pradesh
Geographic coordinates21°59′46″N 74°51′43″E / 21.996°N 74.862°E / 21.996; 74.862Coordinates: 21°59′46″N 74°51′43″E / 21.996°N 74.862°E / 21.996; 74.862
Date established12th century
Elevation1,219.4 m (4,001 ft)

Bawangaja (meaning 52 yards)[1] is a famous Jain pilgrim center in the Barwani district of southwestern Madhya Pradesh in India. Located about 6 kilometers south of River Narmada, its main attraction is the world's second largest megalithic statue (carved out of mountain) of Lord Rishabhadeva(largest being.. Statue of Ahimsa[2][circular reference]), the first Jain Tirthankara.[3] The statue is 84 feet (26 m) high.[4] It was created early in the 12th century.[citation needed] The statue is supported from the back unlike the Gommateshwara statue of Lord Bahubali at Shravanabelagola, Karnataka. Along with the statue, the area has a complex of eleven temples.[3]

The center is located in the Satpura Range and is about 8 km from a Barwani town.


Bawangaja is a medium size village, situated in the middle of Satpura range, five miles from the town of Barwani, Madhya Pradesh.[1] As per the 2011 Census of India, the Bawangaja village accommodates 94 families having a total population of 494 of which 242 are males while 252 are females.[5]


The 84 ft (26 m) tall megalithic statue (carved out of a single rock) of Lord Rishabhadeva (the first Tirthankara and founder of Jainism) is situated at a height of 1,219.4 m (4,001 ft), in the middle of the Satpura range.[6][7] The idol stands on base of mountain just like the Gommateshwara statue of Lord Bahubali at Shravanabelagola.[citation needed] In 2020, Mahamastakabhisheka of statue will be organised with an estimate of 1.5 million devotees reaching there.[8]


The idol of Lord Rishabhadeva is made in brown stone in Kayotsarga posture. The hands of idol are not joined with legs but are made separate. The structural art & style of this idol is unique and it is in perfect proportion. The various parts of idol are quite symmetrical. There is balanced image of all emotions like joy, mercy & separation on the face of this idol. On the left side huge idol of Bawangaja Lord Rishabhadeva the 4 armed ‘Gomukh Yaksha’ & on the right side the very artistic idol of 16 armed ‘Yakshi Chakreshvary’ is established.[citation needed]

MEASUREMENT OF THE IDOL (Details of the idol)
Total height. 84 feet.
Expansion between two hands 26 feet.
Length of hand. 46'-6 "
Length between waist and heel 47'
Circumference of head. 26'
Length of foot. 13'-09 ”
Length of nose. 03'-03 ”
Length of eye. 03'-03 ”
Length of ear. O9'-08 ”
Distance between the two ear. 17'-06 ”
Width of foot. 05'


The Chulgiri temple, also situated on the hilltop, contains two inscription dated 1166 and 1459 AD.[1] The Indrajit, Kumbhakarna & various other scholars attained emancipation through the self-meditation. The 3 ancient foot images of Indrajit, Kumbhakarna & the other are present in this temple. Except foot images, the two idols of Lord Māllīnātha & Chandraprabha are installed in the main altar. Moreover, the several idols are installed on both sides in the main assembly hall (Mahamandap).[citation needed] Bawangaja Yatra, an annual fair, is organised every year on full Moon day of Hindu calendar month Pausha.[9][10] In 2016, Bawanga Trust had carried out several development works including restoration of temple complex and building of a 3 story dharmshala with 108 rooms having all modern amenities.[11]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c Bhattacharyya 1977, p. 269.
  2. ^ Statue of Ahimsa
  3. ^ a b Barwani, Madhya Pradesh, National Portal, Government of India
  4. ^ Bawangaja Official Website, Shri Digamber Jain Siddha Kshetra Choolgiri Bawangaja Trust, Bawangajaji
  5. ^ Bawangaja Population - Barwani, Madhya Pradesh
  6. ^ Sharma, Bhika, "जैन सिद्ध क्षेत्र बावनगजा", Webdunia
  7. ^ Katariya, Adesh, Ancient History of Central Asia, p. 347
  8. ^ {{Cite new|url= Patrika|publisher=Rajasthan Patrika}
  9. ^ Bhatt 2005, p. 479.
  10. ^ Hunter 1885, p. 181.
  11. ^ "Bawangaja Trust". Rajasthan Patrika.


External links[edit]