Bay Ridge–95th Street (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)

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 Bay Ridge–95 Street
 "R" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
95th Street - Platform.jpg
Station platform.
Station statistics
Address95th Street & Fourth Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11209
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleFort Hamilton
Coordinates40°36′58.2″N 74°1′52.4″W / 40.616167°N 74.031222°W / 40.616167; -74.031222Coordinates: 40°36′58.2″N 74°1′52.4″W / 40.616167°N 74.031222°W / 40.616167; -74.031222
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Fourth Avenue Line
Services      R all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport New York City Bus: B8, B63; B37 (on Third Avenue)
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedOctober 31, 1925 (93 years ago) (1925-10-31)[1]
Station code039[2]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Former/other names95th Street–Fort Hamilton
Traffic
Passengers (2017)1,755,379[3]Decrease 5.3%
Rank270 out of 425
Station succession
Next north86th Street: R all times
Next south(Terminal): R all times

Bay Ridge–95th Street (originally 95th Street–Fort Hamilton) is the southern terminal station on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Despite the name, the station is actually located in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Fort Hamilton (as its original name implies) at the intersection of 95th Street and Fourth Avenue. It is served by the R train at all times.

History[edit]

On August 25, 1922, the Transit Commission directed its chief engineer, Robert Ridgeway, to plan an extension of the Fourth Avenue Line from 87th Street to Fort Hamilton. Initially, multiple stations along the extension were considered. This extension was to be the first part of an extension to Staten Island through a tunnel under The Narrows.[4] On September 12, 1922, a meeting was held by the Transit Commission to determine whether a stop at 91st Street should be included as part of the planned extension. Ultimately, no station was built at 91st Street.[5] At the meeting it was decided that money for an additional station in between 86th Street and the new terminal at 95th Street would be better spent on an extensive terminal with entrances at 93rd, 94th, and 95th Streets.[6] Other extensions were also planned in 1922: a branch of the line running via 86th Street to 18th Avenue to connect with the New Utrecht Line to Coney Island, Route 19, and the future Tenth Avenue subway, and a branch of the line at 67th Street heading to Staten Island, Route 20.[7]

On December 28, 1922, the Transit Commission announced that it had awarded the contract for the construction of a half-mile extension of the Fourth Avenue Line, Contract 11B,[8] to T. A. Gillespie Company for $1.5 million. However, as the Board of Estimate failed to take action upon it, the contractor withdrew its bid on March 7, 1923.[9] The Transit Commission blamed the Board of Estimate for delays in the awarding of the contract; the Commission said that the city would suffer a substantial loss due to increased construction costs, and because the contract that was given was "highly advantageous to the city."[10] As part of Contract 11B, the extension was built with two tracks, with the exception of a short three-track stretch just north of the terminal at 95th Street.[11] The extension was to be built with a provision to extend the line to Staten Island.[12] As a result of a motion made by Commissioner LeRoy Harkness in front of the Transit Commission, the contract was set to be put back up for bid.[13] On November 2, 1923, the Board of Estimate approved the contract for the line with T. A. Gillespie Company, the same contractor that had bid on the project earlier, but withdrew. The Transit Commission, due to the delay of the project, gave orders on November 3 to speed up the completion of the project.[14] Construction began on December 17, 1923.[15][16]

The final extension to 95th Street, Route 18, opened on October 31, 1925,[1][15] with the first train leaving at 2 p.m.[1]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
G Street level Exit/entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
P
Platform level
Northbound "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Whitehall Street nights) (86th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right
Northbound "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Whitehall Street nights) (86th Street)

This underground station has two tracks and one island platform.[17] The tracks end at bumper blocks at the south end of the platform.[18] It was the last station to be built for the Fourth Avenue Line and is geographically the westernmost station in the subway.

Both platform walls have their original mosaic trim line with name tablets reading "95TH STREET." in Times New Roman font along the entire station except for a small section at the north end, where the platform was extended in the 1950s to accommodate the current standard "B" Division train length of 600 feet. Here, the wall is bare black. The platforms were originally 530 feet in length.[17]

Entrance at 95th Street and 4th Avenue

The station was constructed with a signal tower and dispatcher's office.[17]

North of this station, a center layup track forms just north of the diamond crossover, before ending at a bumper block just south of 86th Street Station.[18]

Exits[edit]

The station has two mezzanines above the platform and tracks, but mosaic directional signs indicate they were originally one full-length mezzanine. The closed-off sections are now used for employee-only spaces. The station's larger, full-time mezzanine is at the south end. It has two staircases from each platform, turnstile bank, token booth, two restrooms, and two staircases going up to either western corners of Fourth Avenue and 95th Street. A passageway leads to another staircase on the east side of the intersection, built inside an alcove of 9425 Fifth Avenue. The station's other mezzanine is unstaffed, containing one staircase from the platform, high entry/exit turnstiles, and two staircases going up to either southern corners of 93rd Street and Fourth Avenue.[19] Additional exits were planned at 94th Street, but were never built.[20]

Provisions for proposed extensions[edit]

Mosaic directional signs at the unstaffed mezzanine

The station is built on the west side of Fourth Avenue due to plans for a possible extension of the express tracks south of 59th Street.[21] This station had been built mainly to facilitate the Staten Island Tunnel, which would have necessitated express service but never materialized.[22][23]

South of this station, there is a false wall at the end of the tracks for a planned extension to 100th or 101st Street[24] and into the never-built Staten Island Tunnel, connecting this BMT line with the Staten Island Railway (SIRT) Main Line near its Grasmere station. The station would have also connected with the now-defunct South Beach Branch by disconnecting it from the SIRT main line, with the BMT Fourth Avenue Subway taking over service from the SIRT's Fort Wadsworth station to the Wentworth Avenue terminal. At the time it would have been a very different line had this tunnel been built, with through BMT service from Queensboro Plaza to Wentworth Avenue in Staten Island stopping at this station before proceeding to Staten Island, since this station is also the closest point to Staten Island. There were also plans to construct an underground storage yard here. The SIRT had been electrified in preparation for the tunnel, and had purchased subway cars similar to the AB Standards of the BMT.[25] The tunnel plan was amended in 1919, moving its location north to Shore Road in Bay Ridge.[26]

Later proposals surfaced to connect the station to the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, one of the world's longest suspension bridges, which follows the route of the planned tunnel. The bridge was built without provisions for rail traffic.[22][25][27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "95th St. Subway Extension Opened At 2 P. M. Today". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. October 31, 1925. Retrieved 29 June 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "TO EXTEND SUBWAY TO FORT HAMILTON; Transit Commission Orders Plans for Lengthening the Fourth Avenue Line. WOULD AID STATEN ISLAND Ferry Service May Be Established Until Tunnel Route is Selected" (PDF). The New York Times. August 26, 1922. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  5. ^ "SUBWAY HEARING TODAY.; Transit Board to Consider Pains for Line to Fort Hamilton" (PDF). The New York Times. September 12, 1922. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  6. ^ "LOCATES EXTENSION STATION; Transit Board Decides on 93d-95th St., Brooklyn, Site" (PDF). The New York Times. September 13, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  7. ^ The City Record: Official Journal. September 27, 1922. p. 6471.
  8. ^ "Public Notices". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. November 22, 1922. p. 18. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  9. ^ "One Way To Get Transit". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. May 16, 1923. p. 6. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  10. ^ "SUBWAY DELAY LAID TO ESTIMATE BOARD; Transit Commission Blames It for Failure to Push Fort Hamil- ton Line". The New York Times. March 8, 1923. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  11. ^ "$1,485,151 Bid Wins Contract To Build Ft. Hamilton Tube". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. December 28, 1922. p. 19. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  12. ^ "THREE RAPID TRANSIT CONTRACTS ARE LET; They Cover Ft. Hamilton Extension, 14th St.-Eastern Workand 168th St. Elevators" (PDF). The New York Times. December 29, 1922. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  13. ^ "To Ask New Subway Bids". The New York Times. September 14, 1923. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  14. ^ "TO RUSH SUBWAY WORK.; Contractor Ready to Begin Work on Fourth Avenue Extension". The New York Times. November 4, 1923. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "OPEN SUBWAY LINE TO FORT HAMILTON; Fourth Avenue Extension Put in Service After Wait of Four Years. HALF-MILE COST $2,000.000 Completion Gives Residents Through Trip Without Recourse to Trolley Cars". The New York Times. November 1, 1925. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  16. ^ Rogoff, David (May 1961). "New York Division ERA Bulletin May 1961". Google Docs. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  17. ^ a b c "Subway Bids Announced: For 95th Street Terminal, Brooklyn, and Corona Yard" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. March 1, 1925. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  18. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  19. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Bay Ridge" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Locates Extension Station: Transit Board Decides on 93d-95th St,. Brooklyn, Site" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. September 13, 1922. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  21. ^ "Brooklyn Subway Extension Plan: Fourth Ave. Line to 86th St., Tunnel to Staten Island, and Eventually a Through Route to Coney Island" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. February 16, 1912. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  22. ^ a b "To Extend Subway to Fort Hamilton" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. August 26, 1922. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  23. ^ "Three Rapid Transit Contracts are Let" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. December 29, 1922. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  24. ^ "Discuss Subway Work: Fort Hamilton Taxpayers Want 100th Street Extended" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. September 24, 1911. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  25. ^ a b Leigh, Irvin; Matus, Paul (January 2002). "State Island Rapid Transit: The Essential History". thethirdrail.net. The Third Rail Online. Archived from the original on 30 May 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  26. ^ "To Act This Year on the Richmond Tube: Route Approved in 1912 Still Alive-May Soon Be Adopted Anew or Amended" (PDF). nytimes.com. The New York Times. February 13, 1919. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  27. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 17, 1996). "Subway Planners' Lofty Ambitions Are Buried as Dead-End Curiosities". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015.

External links[edit]