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City of Bayugan
Inside Bayugan rotunda
Bayugan City Proper
Lope A. Asis Memorial Gymnasium at night
From top, left to right: Inside Bayugan rotunda; Bayugan City Proper; Lope A. Asis Memorial Gymnasium at night
Official seal of Bayugan
  • City of Rice Corn and Flowers
  • Cut Flower Capital of Agusan del Sur
  • Agusan del Sur Growth Center
  • Timberland City
  • Rice Capital of Agusan del Sur
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Bayugan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°43′N 125°45′E / 8.71°N 125.75°E / 8.71; 125.75Coordinates: 8°43′N 125°45′E / 8.71°N 125.75°E / 8.71; 125.75
Country Philippines
RegionCaraga (Region XIII)
ProvinceAgusan del Sur
District1st District
FoundedAugust 20, 1961
CityhoodJune 21, 2007
Barangays43 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorKim Lope Asis
 • Vice MayorCharles Anggayong
 • Electorate53,080 voters (2016)
 • Total688.77 km2 (265.94 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total103,202
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)85
Climate typeTropical rainforest climate
Income class5th city income class
Revenue (₱)792.9 million  (2016)
Native languagesAgusan language

Bayugan, officially the City of Bayugan, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bayugan; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Bayugan), or simply known as Bayugan City, is a 5th class city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Philippines with postal code 8502. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 103,202 people.[3].

Gained cityhood through Republic Act No. 9405, it is only city in the province of Agusan del Sur. Bayugan serves as the growth center of the province.[citation needed]

Located at the northern part of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan is the "cut-flower capital" of the province owing to its lucrative cut flower industry. The city's climate, especially in the highland barangays, is conducive to high yield cut-flower production. The city is also one of the major producers of rice and vegetables in the province, even providing the needs of neighboring municipalities and provinces.[citation needed]


The natives called the area Bayugan since the word bayugan is a Manobo term for pathway. Another version states that bayug trees used to grow abundantly in the area. It was also believed that the natives used to make this place their meeting spot and that the means of gathering the inhabitants was by knocking on a hollow piece of wood which they termed as the bayug.


Bayugan City was formerly a sitio of Barangay Maygatasan, Esperanza.[4] Several versions abound on how the sitio got its name. First, the place was located along the river which served as the pathway of the natives in going to Esperanza.

In 1942, Japanese troops entered Bayugan City during the second World War.

In 1945, the town of Bayugan in Southern Agusan was liberated by Filipino soldiers and guerrillas from the Japanese forces occupying the town.

In 1948, the Department of Public Works and Highways conducted a survey for a National Highway that would connect Butuan with Davao City. Simultaneously, the Bureau of Lands surveyed the places that would be traversed by the proposed road. Possible town sites were identified and among them was Barangay Maygatasan. However, part of the National Highway (now the Narra Avenue) passed through the sitio of Bayugan instead of Barangay Maygatasan. Migrants started settling in the sitio of Bayugan, thus, prompting the transfer of the proposed town site.

In the early part of 1960, the inhabitants led by Mr. Jose Joson passed a resolution creating the sitio of Bayugan into a regular barrio. In April of that year, Barangay Bayugan was inaugurated with Joson as the Teniente del Barrio. Brought about by the construction of the National Highway which traversed the place, business activity sprouted rapidly in the area.

A year later, barangay officials led by then Sergio Mullaneda worked out the creation of Bayugan into a regular municipality through the assistance of Governor Democrito O. Plaza, Governor of Agusan. By virtue of Executive Order No. 440 of then President Carlos P. Garcia, the petition to create the municipality of Bayugan was granted on August 6, 1961. Mr. Mullaneda, the first appointed Municipal Mayor of Bayugan assumed into office on August 6, 1962 during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal. In the year 2007 Bayugan was converted to a city.

Bayugan is a transportation highway nexus for the eastern part of Mindanao Island. Bayugan is now one if not the fastest growing component city in North Eastern Mindanao.


During the 11th Congress (1998–2001), Congress enacted into law 33 bills converting 33 municipalities into cities. However, Congress did not act on a further 24 bills converting 24 other municipalities into cities.

During the 12th Congress (2001–2004), Congress enacted into law Republic Act No. 9009 (RA 9009), which took effect on 30 June 2001. RA 9009 amended Section 450 of the Local Government Code by increasing the annual income requirement for conversion of a municipality into a city from ₱20 million to ₱100 million. The rationale for the amendment was to restrain, in the words of Senator Aquilino Pimentel, "the mad rush" of municipalities to convert into cities solely to secure a larger share in the Internal Revenue Allotment despite the fact that they are incapable of fiscal independence.

After RA 9009 went into effect, the House of Representatives of the 12th Congress adopted Joint Resolution No. 29, which sought to exempt from the ₱100 million income requirement in RA 9009 the 24 municipalities whose cityhood bills were not approved in the 11th Congress. However, the 12th Congress ended without the Senate having approved Joint Resolution No. 29.

During the 13th Congress (2004–2007), the House of Representatives re-adopted former Joint Resolution No. 29 as Joint Resolution No. 1 and forwarded it to the Senate for approval. However, the Senate again failed to approve the Joint Resolution. Following the suggestion of Senator Aquilino Pimentel (Senate President), 16 municipalities filed, through their respective sponsors, individual cityhood bills. The 16 cityhood bills each contained a common provision exempting it from the ₱100 million income requirement of RA 9009 –

Exemption from Republic Act No. 9009. — The City of x x x shall be exempted from the income requirement prescribed under Republic Act No. 9009.

On 22 December 2006, the House of Representatives approved the cityhood bills. The Senate also approved the cityhood bills in February 2007, except that of Naga, Cebu which was passed on 7 June 2007. These cityhood bills lapsed into law on various dates from March to July 2007 after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo failed to sign them.

The point of law at issue in 2007 was whether there had been a breach of Section 10, Article X of the 1987 Constitution, which provides –

No province, city, municipality, or barangay shall be created, divided, merged, abolished or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected.

– and in each case the established criteria were far from met.

In November 2008, Bayugan and 15 other cities lost their cityhood after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared unconstitutional the cityhood law (RA 9405) which had allowed the town to acquire its city status.[5] The Supreme Court ruled that they did not pass the requirements for cityhood.[6][7]

On 10 December 2008, the 16 cities affected acting together filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on 22 December 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law" (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) "is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[8] Accordingly cityhood status was restored.

But on 27 August 2010, the 16 cities lost their city status again, after the Supreme Court voted 7-6, with two justices not taking part, to reinstate the 2008 decision declaring as "unconstitutional" the Republic Acts that converted the 16 municipalities into cities. A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least ₱100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.[9]

On 15 February 2011, the Supreme Court made another volte-face and upheld for the third time the cityhood of 16 towns in the Philippines.[10]

Finally, on 12 April 2011, the Supreme Court, in an en banc ruling delivered in Baguio City, affirmed the finality of the constitutionality of the 16 cityhood laws by resolving that:

We should not ever lose sight of the fact that the 16 cities covered by the Cityhood Laws not only had conversion bills pending during the 11th Congress, but have also complied with the requirements of the LGC prescribed prior to its amendment by R.A. No. 9009.[9] Congress undeniably gave these cities all the considerations that justice and fair play demanded. Hence, this Court should do no less by stamping its imprimatur to the clear and unmistakable legislative intent and by duly recognizing the certain collective wisdom of Congress. WHEREFORE, the Ad Cautelam Motion for Reconsideration (of the Decision dated 15 February 2011) is denied with finality.[10]

On 28 June 2011 the Supreme Court directed the Clerk of Court to issue the entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities.[11]

On July 24, 2006, congress approved R.A. 9405, an act converting the Municipality of Bayugan into a component city to be known as the City of Bayugan.

But in 2008, the Supreme Court of the Philippines declared the law unconstitutional. The court ruled that Bayugan, along with the other fifteen cities covered by the law did not meet the requirements for cityhood.

More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting favorably on the appeal of the sixteen affected cities, the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling. It deemed that the passage of the amendatory law regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress specifically exempting a particular political subdivision therefrom was constitutional. The court further ruled that congress, in enacting the exempting law, effectively decreased the already codified indicators. As such, the cityhood status of Bayugan, and the rest of the fifteen local government units was restored.

But again on August 24, 2010, in a 16-page resolution, the Supreme Court reinstated its November 18, 2008 decision striking down the constitutionality of Republic Act 9405. Voting 7-6, with two justices abstaining, the SC reinstated its decision declaring RA 9405 as unconstitutional.

However, in another twist of fate for Bayugan, the Supreme Court once again upheld for the 3rd time and final time the constitutionality of RA 9405 on February 17, 2011, thereby finalizing the cityhood of Bayugan and the other fifteen LGUs affected by the law. On July 3, 2011, the Supreme Court ordered its Clerk of Court to issue an entry of judgment on the cityhood case, sealing with finality the constitutionality of the law. [12]


Bayugan is bordered by the Municipality of Sibagat and the province of Surigao del Sur to the north; the Municipality of Prosperidad to the east; the Municipality of Esperanza to the south; and the Municipality of Las Nieves, Agusan del Norte, to the west.


The city is geographically situated below the typhoon belt but is usually affected by depressions forming in the typhoon regions of Visayas and the province of Surigao del Norte. The climate map of the Philippines based on the modified coronas classification shows that the city falls under Type II. Which also is the weather classification of the province of Agusan del Sur.

Type II climate has no dry season with very pronounced wet season of heavy precipitation. Maximum rainfall generally occurs from December to January although there is no single dry month. Its average monthly rainfall is 161.6 millimetres (6.36 in) and average temperature is 32 °C (90 °F). Areas characterized by this climate type are generally along or very near the eastern coast thus are open to the north-east monsoon.

Climate data for Bayugan City, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 23
Average precipitation mm (inches) 259.1
Average precipitation days 22 19 18 13 15 20 18 16 16 19 21 24 221
Source: World Weather Online


Bayugan is politically subdivided into 43 barangays, of which 3 are urban and 40 are rural.[13]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[14]
160301028 Berseba 1.5% 1,585 1,688 −1.19%
160301029 Bucac 3.8% 3,918 3,367 2.93%
160301030 Cagbas 1.9% 1,923 1,757 1.73%
160301001 Calaitan 1.9% 1,913 2,385 −4.11%
160301031 Canayugan 1.1% 1,156 1,167 −0.18%
160301002 Charito 1.5% 1,549 1,529 0.25%
160301032 Claro Cortez 0.8% 819 654 4.38%
160301003 Fili 2.9% 2,949 2,923 0.17%
160301033 Gamao 1.1% 1,096 1,035 1.10%
160301034 Getsemane 0.4% 398 436 −1.72%
160301035 Grace Estate 0.7% 677 651 0.75%
160301004 Hamogaway 1.5% 1,508 1,568 −0.74%
160301006 Katipunan 1.2% 1,225 1,135 1.46%
160301007 Mabuhay 1.7% 1,730 1,750 −0.22%
160301036 Magkiangkang 1.7% 1,801 1,628 1.94%
160301037 Mahayag 0.6% 629 554 2.45%
160301009 Marcelina 3.7% 3,789 3,508 1.48%
160301010 Maygatasan 4.7% 4,818 4,148 2.89%
160301038 Montivesta 0.7% 709 602 3.16%
160301039 Mt. Ararat 0.7% 684 821 −3.42%
160301040 Mt. Carmel 2.3% 2,387 2,047 2.97%
160301041 Mt. Olive 1.5% 1,509 1,501 0.10%
160301042 New Salem 0.6% 569 663 −2.87%
160301011 Noli 3.6% 3,712 3,380 1.80%
160301013 Osmeña 1.5% 1,589 1,573 0.19%
160301014 Panaytay 0.7% 695 624 2.07%
160301043 Pinagalaan 1.4% 1,411 1,108 4.71%
160301016 Poblacion 15.5% 16,010 17,596 −1.78%
160301017 Sagmone 1.3% 1,301 1,157 2.26%
160301018 Saguma 2.1% 2,215 1,937 2.59%
160301019 Salvacion 5.7% 5,886 5,079 2.85%
160301044 San Agustin 0.7% 679 613 1.97%
160301020 San Isidro 1.2% 1,206 1,046 2.75%
160301045 San Juan 3.2% 3,307 3,391 −0.48%
160301023 Santa Irene 3.5% 3,651 2,820 5.04%
160301046 Santa Teresita 1.8% 1,828 1,668 1.76%
160301047 Santo Niño 1.6% 1,606 1,643 −0.43%
160301024 Taglatawan 12.4% 12,838 12,976 −0.20%
160301048 Taglibas 0.4% 402 386 0.78%
160301049 Tagubay 0.9% 930 749 4.21%
160301025 Verdu 1.5% 1,562 1,373 2.49%
160301050 Villa Undayon 1.6% 1,609 1,312 3.96%
160301027 Wawa 1.3% 1,334 1,413 −1.09%
Total 103,202 99,361 0.72%


Population census of Bayugan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 37,816—    
1975 43,603+2.90%
1980 56,367+5.27%
1990 78,725+3.40%
1995 89,999+2.54%
2000 93,623+0.85%
2007 95,032+0.21%
2010 99,361+1.63%
2015 103,202+0.72%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][14][15][16]

Indigenous people:


The Gaisano Grand Market Place Bayugan


  • Rice / palay (the major rice production site of Agusan del Sur)
  • Cut Flowers (abundant in the city making it the cut flower capital of Agusan del Sur)
  • Corn
  • Coconut
  • Banana
  • Rubber
  • Vegetables
  • Legumes
  • Cacao
  • Coffee
  • Citrus
  • Root Crops
  • Fruits

Fertile soil suitable for agricultural, Protection Forest About 26,107.163 Hectares = 51.697% in land classifications. Gold, silver, sand and gravel.

Local government[edit]

Bayugan City Hall

City officials[edit]

Elected city officials 2016-2019:


  • Mayor: Kim Lope Asis
  • Vice Mayor: Charles P. Anggayong


  • City councilors:
    • Kim A. Asis
    • Rizalina B. Parba
    • Gilbert M. Honculada
    • Charles C. Salazar
    • Escarlet P. Estuya
    • Pedro M. Alonde
    • Ferdinand H. Ebarle
    • Primitivo N. Alimpoos
    • Jonathan D. Sayon
    • Orlando A. Sevilla Sr.

Barangay council[edit]

Association of Baragay Councils (Liga ng mga Barangay):

  • President - Eleony G. Estrera (Brgy. Gethsemane)
  • Vice President - Vacant position

Tourist attractions and places of interest[edit]

Inside one of the caves located in Bayugan
  • Bayugan Rotunda
  • Pinagalaan (Bayug/Hamogaway) Falls
  • Narra Avenue
  • Wawa Bridge
  • Meteor Garden
  • Gethsemane Falls
  • Santa Irene Overview
  • Andanan/Wawa River and Irrigation System
  • Family Place Resort
  • Green Haven Adventure Farm
  • Mangrove Base Park
  • ARC Bayugan
  • Graceland Cold Spring
  • Magkiangkang Cave
  • New Loon Cave
  • San Agustin Lake
  • Putting Bato Cave
  • Katipunan Lake
  • Vising/Sisimon Cave
  • Rizal Park Plaza
  • Bayugan City Hall
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish Church
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Shrine

Local festivals, and events[edit]

  • Kahimunan tu Bayugan Festival, Holy Child - A local version of the Sinulog Festival of Cebu, it is highlighted by street dancing focusing on the indigenous tribes' of Bayugan and their way of life. Celebrated every Last Sunday of January.
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Festival – Popularly known as the town fiesta or "pista", celebrated every 30 June.
  • Rice Corn and Flower Festival - A new born festival replacing the traditional "Araw ng Bayugan" and is a celebration of the abundant harvest of crops of farmers in the City. The name of the festival is coined from the nickname of the city (City of Rice, Corn, and Flowers). It highlights street dancing and float contests.
  • Charter Day Celebration- Held every 21 June to commemorate the city-hood of Bayugan.


Major transportation around the vicinity of the city are Motorela/Tricycle and some multicabs which travel to remote barangays. "Habal-habal" is also used as a transport to the mountain barangays of Bayugan.


By air

Butuan Airport: Butuan has the nearest airport from Bayugan.

Davao Airport: From Manila or Cebu to Davao City as transit point.

Surigao Airport: From Manila or Cebu to Surigao City as transit point.

By land

Bayugan can be reached via land transport. Bachelor Express, Land Car Inc., and Surigao Express are only few bus companies travelling to and from the city. Buses are serving routes from Davao City, Butuan City, Surigao City, and Mangagoy/Bislig City. Philtranco and PP Bus Line serving Pasay City/Cubao via Butuan or Davao are also available.

By sea

Inter-island vessels Cokaliong Shipping Lines, 2-Go and TransAsia Shipping Lines ply the Cebu-Nasipit routes on regular schedules with Nasipit Port as transit point. Multi-cabs and buses are available at the wharf going to Butuan City Integrated Terminal for the regular bus trips to Bayugan.


Bayugan National Comprehensive High School, or BNCHS, is a comprehensive high school with a population of about six thousand students, and is located on a site that has an area of 5 hectares. The school is currently recognized for its research program in science related topics. "Comprehensive" it is because it offers different curricula such as ESEP (Engineering and Science Education Program), Special Program in Journalism (pilot school for journalism in CARAGA Region), Special Program in the Arts (with the specialization of Visual Arts, Creative Writing, Dancing, Music, Media Arts and Theater Arts), Technical Vocational Courses, Special Program in Sports and Revised Basic Education Curriculum.

Agusan del Sur College, a private college institution in Bayugan.

Agusan del Sur College or ADSCO established in 1966, is the only private educational institution in the city offering Preparatory, Elementary, High School, College (CHED) degree courses i.e. Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA) major in : Marketing Management, Financial Management, Operation Management, Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education, Bachelor of Arts major in English, Associate in Computer Secretarial, Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management (by year 2011) and TESDA programs like Health Care Services NC II, Computer Hardware Servicing NC II, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) NC II, Driving NC II, Security Services NC II, Massage Therapy NC II, Housekeeping, Commercial Cooking NC II, Bookkeeping NC II.

Father Saturnino Urios College of Bayugan Inc. (formerly Father Urios Technical Institute of Bayugan Inc. or FUTIBI), is the oldest private educational institution in the city. Located at the heart of the city making it one of the most populous school in Bayugan. Created in the year 1959, Urios caters elementary and secondary basic education. By school year 2010–2011, Urios will be putting up its technical courses.The school was founded by a Jesuit priest Father Atanasio B. De Castro in 1959. The school is currently headed by Dr. Pelagia Joven (Principal) and Fr. Roberto Butawan (School Director).

Sister cities[edit]



  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Agusan del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Republic Act No. 9405 (23 March 2007), Charter of the City of Bayugan
  6. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (18 November 2008), Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws. (First appeal)
  7. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities' demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  8. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (21 December 2009), League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC (First reversal)
  9. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 (24 February 2001), An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  10. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951; et al. (15 February 2011), League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC (Second appeal)
  11. ^ G.R. No. 176951; et al. (28 June 2011), Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment (Final Resolution)
  12. ^ Republic Act 9405
  13. ^ "Municipal: Bayugan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  14. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  15. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  16. ^ "Province of Agusan del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]