Bethel Baptist Church (Birmingham, Alabama)
Bethel Baptist Church, Parsonage, and Guardhouse
Bethel Baptist Church in 1993
|Location||3233, 3232 and 3236 29th Avenue North, Collegeville, Alabama|
|Architectural style||Modern Movement|
|NRHP reference #||05000455|
|Added to NRHP||April 5, 2005|
|Designated NHL||April 05, 2005|
|Designated ARLH||November 13, 1996|
Bethel Baptist Church in the Collegeville neighborhood of Birmingham, Alabama served as headquarters from 1956 to 1961 for the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR), which was led by Fred Shuttlesworth and active in the Birmingham during the Civil Rights Movement. The ACMHR focused on legal and nonviolent direct action against segregated accommodations, transportation, schools and employment discrimination. It played a crucial role in the 1961 Freedom Ride that resulted in federal enforcement of U.S. Supreme Court and Interstate Commerce Commission rulings to desegregate public transportation.
Fred Shuttlesworth served as pastor from 1953 to 1961. The church buildings were bombed on three separate occasions, first on December 25, 1956, again on June 29, 1958, and lastly on December 14, 1962.
The church complex was added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on November 13, 1996. It was then added to the National Register of Historic Places and declared a National Historic Landmark on April 5, 2005. On 1 January 2008 the US Government submitted it to UNESCO as part of an envisaged future World Heritage nomination and as such it is on the so-called UNESCO 'Tentative List of World Heritage Sites'.
- "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". Alabama Historical Commission. www.preserveala.org. Archived from the original on September 4, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2012.
- National Park Service (July 9, 2010). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Bethel Baptist Church, Parsonage, and Guard House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- In 1980 J. B. Stoner was convicted in connection with this bombing.
- "Bombing in Alabama Injures 5, Wrecks Minister's Home". New York Times. December 26, 1956. p. 1.
- "Bomb Attempt Fails; Volunteer Removes Dynamite From Birmingham Church". New York Times. June 30, 1958.
- Sitton, Claude (September 15, 1962). "Negroes Ask U.S. to Act in Third Bombing of Church". New York Times.
- "Bethel Baptist Church, Parsonage, and Guardhouse". National Historic Landmark Nomination. National Park Service.
- UNESCO World Heritage Convention, Tentative Lists, Civil Rights Movement Sites, http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5241/ (Referenced 6 Dec 2016)
- Bethel Baptist Church Collegeville website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. Al-977, "Bethel Baptist Church, 3233 Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL", 13 photos, 1 color transparency, 3 measured drawings, 2 photo caption pages
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