Bhagabanpur I

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Bhagabanpur 1
Community development block
Bhagabanpur 1 is located in West Bengal
Bhagabanpur 1
Bhagabanpur 1
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°05′38″N 87°45′32″E / 22.094°N 87.759°E / 22.094; 87.759Coordinates: 22°05′38″N 87°45′32″E / 22.094°N 87.759°E / 22.094; 87.759
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPurba Medinipur
Government
 • TypeCommunity development block
Area
 • Total174.24 km2 (67.27 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total234,432
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
721601 (Bhagwanpur)
721626 (Kalaberia)
Area code(s)03220
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-29, WB-30, WB-31, WB-32, WB-33
Literacy88.13%
Lok Sabha constituencyKanthi
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBhagabanpur, Chandipur
Websitepurbamedinipur.gov.in

Bhagabanpur I (also spelt as Bhagawanpur) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Egra subdivision of Purba Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Bhagwanpur is a historical place. A myth says it was 'sadar' of an old king, whose 'rajprasad' was at 'Kajlagarh' (which is a tourist place because of this 'rajprasad', 12 km away from Bhagabanpur). Also Bhagwanpur led all major freedom movements at the time of independence. Many people joined the 1942 Quit India movement. Many people struggled in the freedom movement and many of them were killed by the British forces. Gandhi visited Bhagwanpur, Kakra, etc. villages during "Laban Satyagraha" (Salt Movement).

See also: Kajlagarh Rajbari

Geography[edit]

Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran}, Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.[1][2][3]

Bhagabanpur is located at 22°05′38″N 87°45′32″E / 22.094°N 87.759°E / 22.094; 87.759.

Bhagabanpur I CD Block is bounded by Moyna CD Block in the north, Chandipur CD Block in the east, Bhagabanpur II CD Block in the south and Sabang CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, and Patashpur II CD Block in the west.

It is located 27 km from Tamluk, the district headquarters.

Bhagabanpur I CD Block has an area of 174.24 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 167 gram sansads (village councils), 167 mouzas and 164 inhabited villages. Bhagabanpur police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kajlagarh.[5]

Gram panchayats of Bhagabanpur I block are: Benudia, Bhagabanpur, Bibhisanpur, Gurgram, Kajlagarh, Kakra, Koatbarh, Mahammadpur I, Mahammadpur II and Simulia.[6]

There are sites those are popular and attract tourists: 1. Kali Temple, 2. Ram Temple and 3. Bhagabanpur Masjid 4.Syed Mazar 5. Kajlagarh Raj Palace 6. Temple at Bhimeswari. Apart from these there is a 'Sahid Bedi'. That is a temple like bedi, the top of which contains a pot. Myths say this 'bedi' is in the memory of the freedom fighters who died during a fight with the British Police in 1942 and the pot contains blood of those freedom fighters). A children's park is going to be set up 2 km from the Shib Bazar bus stand. Last but not the least, the scenic beauty of every village is a great treat to watch. Kalaberia bazar, Bhagabanpur bazar, Gopinathpur bazar and Bhimeswari bazar are famous in Bhagabanpur. Boating at Kalaberia is a great adventure.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Bhagawanpur I CD Block had a total population of 234,432, of which 222,677 were rural and 11,755 were urban. There were 121,301 (52%) males and 113,131 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 28,910. Scheduled Castes numbered 33,435 (14.26%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 411 (0.18%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Bhagabanpur I block had a total population of 198,868, out of which 101,548 were males and 97,320 were females. Bhagabanpur I block registered a population growth of 13.59 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[8]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]

Census towns in Bhagabanpur I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Benudia (6,797) and Hincha Gerya (4,958).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Bhagabanpur I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Mahammadpur (9,438), Gur Gram (9,028), Kakra (4,887), Bibhisanpur (6,311), Simulia (4,733), Betulya Chaklalpur (4,653), Kotbar (4,737), Sar Berya (5,903) and Narayan Danri (5,069).[7]

Other villages in Bhagabanpur CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets) : Bhagabanpur (2,566), Kalaberia (3,276).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Bhagabanpur I CD Block was 181,121 (88.13% of the population over 6 years) out of which 99,276 (55%) were males and 81,845 (45%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%.[10] Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

As per the 2001 census, Bengali was the mother-tongue of 90.5%of the population of Purba Medinipur district, followed by Santali (4.6%), Hindi (1.4%), Kurmali Thar (0.7%), Urdu (0.6%), Telugu (0.6%), Odiya (0.4%), Mundari (0.2%), Koda/ Kora (0.1%), Munda (0.1%), Nepali (0.1%) and others (0.3%). Census information about language is available at the district level or above only.[12]

The West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2012, included Hindi, Santhali, Odiya and Punjabi as official languages if it is spoken by a population exceeding 10 per cent of the whole in a particular block or sub-division or a district. Subsequently, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi and Kurmali were also included in the list of minority languages by the West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018.[13][14]However, as of 2019, there is no official / other reliable information about the areas covered.

Religion in Bhagabanpur I CD Block
Hindu
86.08%
Muslim
13.82%
Others
0.10%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 201,802 and formed 86.08% of the population in Bhagabanpur I CD Block. Muslims numbered 32,389 and formed 13.82% of the population. Others numbered 241 and formed 0.10% of the population.[15]

Rural poverty[edit]

The District Human Development Report for Purba Medinipur has provided a CD Block-wise data table for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. Bhagabanpur I CD Block registered 27.81 on the MHPI scale. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI was estimated at 24.78. Eleven out of twentyfive CD Blocks were found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.[16]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Bhagabapur I CD Block in 2011, total workers formed 38.56% of the total population and amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 15.87%, agricultural labourers 48.98%, household industry workers 10.24% and other workers 24.90%.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 164 inhabited villages in Bhagabanpur I CD block. All 164 villages (100%) have power supply. 163 villages (99.39%) have drinking water supply. 35 villages (21.34%) have post offices. 154 villages (93.9%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 22 villages (13.41%) have a pucca (paved) approach road and 50 villages (30.49%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 38 villages (23.17%) have agricultural credit societies. 6 villages (3.66%) have banks.[18]

In 2007-08, around 40% of rural households in the district had electricity.[19]

In 2013-14, there were 47 fertiliser depots, 5 seed stores and 37 fair price shops in the CD Block.[17]

Agriculture[edit]

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Bhagabanpur I CD Block

  Bargadars (10.74%)
  Patta holders (10.42%)
  Small farmers (1.64%)
  Marginal farmers (33.39%)
  Agricultural labourers (43.81%)

According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season. The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal.[19]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Bhagabanpur I CD Block was 9,910 hectares, out of which 260 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 2,200 hectares by tank water and 7,450 hectares by deep tube well.[17]

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[20]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Bhagabanpur I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.74%, patta (document) holders 10.42%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 1.64%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 33.39% and agricultural labourers 43.81%.[17]

In 2013-14, Bhagabanpur I CD Block produced 9,783 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 10,275 hectares, 33,686 tonnes of Boro paddy, the spring crop, from 11,946 hectares, 332 tonnes of Aus paddy, the summer crop, from 476 hectares, 14 tonnes of jute from 1 hectares and 1,221 tonnes of potatoes from 85 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[17]

Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.[19]

Concentration of Handicraft Activities in CD Blocks
  • Horn Craft - Kolaghat
  • Pata Chitra - Chandipur, Nandakumar
  • Sea Shell – Ramnagar I & II
  • Mat & Mat Diversified Products – Ramnagar I, Egra I & II, Patashpur I
  • Brass & Bell Metal – Ramnagar I, Mahisadal, Patashpur II, Egra I
  • Diversified Jute Products – Ramnagar II, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Cane & Bamboo Products - Chandipur, Nandakumar, Kolaghat, Shahid Matangini
  • Sola Craft - Tamluk, Kolaghat
  • Pottery/Terracotta - Panskura, Tamluk, Sahid Matangini, Nandakumar
  • Wood Craft - Tamluk
  • Zari work- Sutahta, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandakumar

Source: District Human Development Report, Purba Medinipur, Page 97

Pisciculture[edit]

Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal.[19]The nett area available for effective pisciculture in Bhagabanpur I CD Block in 2013-14 was 900.23 hectares. 5,668 persons were engaged in the profession and approximate annual production was 34,299 quintals.[17]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Bhagabanpur I CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[17]

Backward Regions Grant Fund[edit]

Medinipur East district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 11 districts of West Bengal.[21][22]

Transport[edit]

Bhagabanpur I CD Block has 2 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[17]

Deshapran railway station is on the Tamluk-Digha line, constructed in 2003-04.[27][28]

SH 4 connecting Jhalda (in Purulia district) and Digha (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[29]

The place is accessible by bus. Direct buses are plying from Howrah, Kolkata, Mecheda, Tamluk, Egra, Jaleswar, Baleswar, Puri, Midnapore city via Kharagpur city. The nearest railway station is Bajkul (Deshpran rail station) which is almost 1.5 km away from the place. From there, Bhagwanpur can be reached by bus, taxi, tracker, etc. The name of the bus stand is Shibbazar (named after a lord Shiba temple at the bus stand).

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Bhagabanpur I CD Block had 159 primary schools with 12,893 students, 12 middle schools with 1,784 students, 9 high schools with 7,435 students and 17 higher secondary schools with 18,798 students. Bhagabanpur I CD Block had 1 general college with 3,235 students and 328 institutions for special and non-formal education with 14,285 students.[17]

As per the 2011 census, in Bhagabanpur I CD block, amongst the 164 inhabited villages, 29 villages did not have a school, 77 villages had two or more primary schools, 42 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 25 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[30]

Bajkul Milani Mahavidyalaya was established at Tethi Bari mouza, PO Kismat Bajkul, in 1964. It is affiliated to Vidyasagar University.[31]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Bhagabanpur I CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 3 nursing homes with total 60 beds and 5 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 35 family welfare sub centres. 2,670 patients were treated indoor and 100,040 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[17]

Bhagabanpur Rural Hospital at Bhagabanpur (with 30 beds) is the main medical facility in Bhagabanpur I CD block. There are primary health centres at Bibhisanpur (with 10 beds), Kajlagarh (with 6 beds) and Seulipur, PO Paschimbarh (with 6 beds).[32]

Culture[edit]

There are temples of Bhagwan Ramji, Mata Sitarani and Brother Laksman besides the Bajkul-Egra road at Bhagwanpur bus stand, Kali Mandir(behind Bhagwanpur High School), Shiva Mandir on Shib Bazar bus-stand. Amongst the temples at Kajlagarh, Bhimeswari is famous. During Makar Sankranti, various melas and gramin melas are organized.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purba Midnapur District" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Mapping Dynamics of land utilization and its changing Patterns of Purba Medinipure District - W.B". researchgate.net. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  3. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter I Introduction. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  5. ^ "BDO Offices under Purba Medinipur district". West Bengal Public Library Network, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Purba Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Purba Medinipur (East Midnapore) District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Districts of West Bengal". High Literacy. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook: Purba Medinipur , Series 20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Pages 54-55, Table XI: Population by mother-tongue in Purba Medinipur district, 1961-2001. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Multilingual Bengal". The Telegraph, 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  14. ^ "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to the list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook, 28 February 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  15. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 2214-215. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  18. ^ "District Census Handbook Purba Medinipur, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 93 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: Purba Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 26, 30-33, 37, 61-63, 89-94. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  22. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  23. ^ Google maps
  24. ^ Kharagpur-Howrah Local 38606 Indiarailinfo
  25. ^ Howrah-Haldia Local 68689 ⇒ 38089 Indiarailinfo
  26. ^ Santragachi-Digha EMU 78001 ⇒ 68687 Indiarailinfo
  27. ^ "68689 Santragachi-Digha EMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Year of construction of important BG lines" (PDF). History. South Eastern Railway. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  29. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  30. ^ "District Census Handbook, Purba Mednipur, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 1091-92, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Bajkul Milani Mahavidyalaya". BMM. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  32. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 March 2019.