Bibi Mariam Cannon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bibi Mariam Cannon
বিবি মরিয়ম কামান
Bibi Mariam.jpg
LocationDhaka, Bangladesh
TypeCannon
MaterialBrass[1]
Completion date17th century

The Bibi Mariam Cannon (Bengali: বিবি মরিয়ম কামান) is a large early modern artillery piece on display on the grounds of the Osmani Udyan in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The cannon dates from the 17th century.[2]

History[edit]

The cannon was manufactured by local technicians on the orders of Mir Jumla II,[3] the governor of Bengal under Emperor Aurangzeb. It was one of two large cannons; the other was the "Kaley Khan Jam Jam". The two cannons were given male and female names. They were used during Mir Jumla's invasion of Assam and later placed in front of the Bara Katra to ward off Arakanese pirates. The Bibi Mariam survived, but its male named counterpart was lost. In 1832, the British administration moved the Bibi Mariam from Bara Katra to the Chowk Bazaar area of Old Dhaka. It was later moved to Gulistan[4] during the East Pakistan period and finally to the Osmani Udyan after Bangladesh was created.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 'Chowk' or market place of Dacca". Bl.uk. 2003-11-30. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  2. ^ "Shahbagh Thana - Banglapedia". En.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  3. ^ "The Fantastic Mir Jumla". Livehistoryindia.com. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  4. ^ "The great cannons of Dhaka". Bangladesh,Dhaka: Thebangladeshpost.com. Retrieved 2017-09-25.

External links[edit]

Media related to Bibi Mariam Cannon at Wikimedia Commons