Bihar Legislative Assembly

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Bihar Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
5 years
Nitish Kumar, JD(U)
since 27 July 2017
Sushil Kumar Modi, BJP
since 27 July 2017
Leader of the Opposition
Tejashwi Yadav, RJD
since 28 July 2017
Bihar Assembly 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (130)
  •      JD(U) (70)
  •      BJP (54)
  •      LJP (2)
  •      IND (4)

Opposition (111)

Others (2)

Last election
12 October - 5 November 2015
Next election
Meeting place
Bihar State Assembly, Patna, Bihar, India

The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.


The Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937.[1] The Assembly had a strength of 152 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952.[2] The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Shri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the House and the Chief Minister, Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh was elected the first Deputy Leader of the Assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled as the Bihar Reorganisation Act, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 324 to 243 members. The current NDA government formed on 27 July 2017 consists of 73 JD(U), 53 BJP, 2 LJP and 4 Independent MLA's.


The Bihar Legislative Assembly is not a permanent body and subject to dissolution. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first sitting unless dissolved sooner. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people.

There are three sessions (Budget session, Monsoon session, Winter session) every year.

The Sessions of Legislative Assembly are presided by Speaker. The Speaker certifies that whether a bill is ordinary bill or money bill. Generally he does not participate in voting but he casts his vote in the case of tie. Vijay Kumar Chaudhary is the current Speaker of Bihar Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly also has a Secretariat which is headed by Secretary. He is under the disciplinary control of Speaker. The function of Secretary is to assist the Speaker. Bateshwar Nath Pandey is the current Secretary of Bihar Legislative Assembly.

Current Assembly[edit]

Last assembly elections were held in October–November 2015. In July 2017, ex Deputy Chief Minister Tejashwi Yadav of the RJD was charged by the CBI in a corruption case. After prolonged, but ultimately futile deliberations between the members of the Grand Alliance over Yadav resigning, Nitish Kumar resigned as Chief Minister on 26 July 2017.

Hours after Nitish Kumar's resignation, the JD(U) joined hands with the BJP, allowing Nitish Kumar to take oath as the Chief Minister of Bihar. The then Governor of Bihar, Keshari Nath Tripathi, administered Nitish Kumar the oath of office and secrecy in the Bihar Raj Bhavan on 27 July 2017, 1000 hrs IST, making Nitish Kumar the Chief Minister of Bihar for the sixth time.[3] He gained the vote of confidence in the house with a total of 131 votes through Lobby Division voting on 28 July 2017. The Speaker (JD(U)) and 1 member of BJP did not cast their vote.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "First Bihar assembly: Down memory lane - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Bihar poll dates announced: Some facts youn need to know about Bihar Legislative Assembly". Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]