Boyd K. Packer
|Boyd K. Packer|
|President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|February 3, 2008– July 3, 2015|
|Predecessor||Thomas S. Monson|
|Successor||Russell M. Nelson|
|Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|June 5, 1994– January 27, 2008|
|End reason||Became President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|April 6, 1970– July 3, 2015|
|Called by||Joseph Fielding Smith|
|LDS Church Apostle|
|April 9, 1970– July 3, 2015|
|Called by||Joseph Fielding Smith|
|Reason||Death of David O. McKay and reorganization of First Presidency|
at end of term
|Ronald A. Rasband, Gary E. Stevenson, and Dale G. Renlund were ordained following deaths of Packer, L. Tom Perry, and Richard G. Scott|
|Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|September 30, 1961– April 6, 1970|
|Called by||David O. McKay|
|End reason||Called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|Service/branch||United States Army Air Forces|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Born||Boyd Kenneth Packer|
September 10, 1924
Brigham City, Utah, United States
|Died||July 3, 2015 (aged 90)|
Cottonwood Heights, Utah, United States
|Alma mater||Utah State University (B.S., M.S.)|
Brigham Young University (Ed.D.)
|Parents||Ira W. and Emma Packer|
Boyd Kenneth Packer (September 10, 1924 – July 3, 2015) was an American religious leader and former educator, who served as president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) from 2008 until his death. He also served as the quorum's acting president from 1994 to 2008, and was an apostle and member of the Quorum of the Twelve from 1970 until his death. He served as a general authority of the church from 1961 until his death.
Background and education
Packer was born on September 10, 1924, in Brigham City, Utah, the tenth of eleven children born to Ira Wight Packer and Emma Jensen. As a young boy, he contracted polio. After graduating from high school, he enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces in the spring of 1943. He graduated as a pilot in September 1944 and was assigned to bomber training. He was on Okinawa when World War II ended, and his unit remained stationed on Japan until 1946. After leaving the military, Packer initially attended Weber College (now Weber State University), where he met his future wife, Donna Smith. They married in the Logan Temple in 1947 and had ten children, including current LDS general authority Allan F. Packer. After their marriage, Packer attended Utah State University, earning a B.S. degree in 1949 and an M.S. degree in 1953. He later earned an Ed.D. from Brigham Young University in 1962. Packer was also an artist, and enjoyed painting, particularly birds.
LDS Church employment and service
In his career as an educator, Packer worked in the LDS Church's Church Educational System, where he held various administrative positions overseeing seminary and institute programs, including as assistant supervisor of the church's Native American seminary programs, general assistant administrator of seminaries and institutes, and later as supervisor of church's seminaries and institutes. Packer served a four-year term on the Brigham City City Council.
In 1961, Packer was called by LDS Church president David O. McKay to serve as a general authority as an Assistant to the Twelve, a position that no longer exists. While serving in the position, Packer was assigned to serve as president of the church's New England States Mission. He also served for a time as the managing director of the church's military relations committee.
Following McKay's death in January 1970, Packer, then 45 years old, was called by new church president Joseph Fielding Smith as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at the church's April 1970 general conference. Between 1979 and 1981, he was on the committee that produced the new editions of the LDS Church scriptures. On September 12, 1991, Packer dedicated Ukraine "for the preaching of the restored gospel." In 1993, Packer read the dedicatory prayer in the Spanish language at the dedication of the San Diego California Temple.
When Howard W. Hunter, who had been President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, succeeded to the presidency of the church in 1994, he called Gordon B. Hinckley and Thomas S. Monson as his counselors in the First Presidency. Packer was the fourth apostle in seniority among the ranks of the church, behind Hunter, Hinckley and Monson. This created a situation where the only apostles senior to Packer were members of the First Presidency. As a result, Packer was named Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve. When Hunter died in 1995 and was succeeded by Hinckley, Monson was again retained in the First Presidency and Packer was again asked to be Acting President of the Twelve. Of the five acting presidents of the Quorum in the church's history, Packer served the longest in that capacity and is the only one to serve under two different church presidents.
In 1999, Packer dedicated the Regina Saskatchewan Temple. Packer became President of the Quorum of the Twelve on February 3, 2008, when Monson became church president. In 2012, Packer dedicated the Brigham City Utah Temple.
Teachings and legacy
Packer was well known for several talks and teachings, and several of his stories have been adapted into short films. His sermon about singing a hymn to drive off bad thoughts was adapted into the video Worthy Thoughts. His Parable of the Mediator (Jesus Christ) was adapted into the short film "The Mediator". "The Candle of the Lord" (1982) is well known for its analogy of trying to describe what salt tastes like to trying to describe what promptings from the Holy Ghost are like. Packer also taught the importance of hymn-centered prelude music for worship services.
Packer served as an advisor to the Genesis Group, a social organization of the LDS Church for African-American members and their families, and was also active in obtaining genealogical records on microfilm for the church through its Genealogical Society of Utah. In 1977, Packer was a key figure in getting Native American-related records filmed from the federal records centers in Los Angeles, Fort Worth, Seattle, and Kansas City. He was involved in negotiations that same year with archivists and scholars at Jerusalem to microfilm Jewish records.
In a General Conference Priesthood Session in October 1976, Packer gave a sermon entitled "To Young Men Only", in which he discouraged boys of the Young Men organization in the Aaronic priesthood from pursuing activities which the LDS Church defines as immoral, including masturbation, the use of pornography, and homosexual activities. The sermon has been criticized for encouraging homophobia and gay bashing. Further comments by Packer during his October 2010 address, "Cleansing the Inner Vessel", which echoed his views on homosexuality given in a 1978 speech, concerning whether homosexuality is an individual choice, generated a petition by the Human Rights Campaign. The church responded to this petition by reaffirming its doctrinal position on gay marriage while reiterating the universal need to follow "Jesus Christ's second great commandment—to love one another." Following the conference, Packer altered the published text of the sermon to "clarif[y] his intent." In 2013, amid a nationwide shift toward acceptance and legalization of same-sex marriage, Packer attracted some attention for comments critical of "legalized acts of immorality" and warning of a "tolerance trap."
Packer advocated that Mormon historians should refrain from discussing history that does not promote faith. In a 1981 speech to educators in the LDS Church Educational System, he cautioned, "There is a temptation for the writer or teacher of Church history to want to tell everything, whether it is worthy or faith promoting or not. Some things that are true are not very useful." Arguing that teachers should "give milk before meat", he stated that "some things are to be taught selectively and some things are to be given only to those who are worthy." Packer's opinion applied to all historians who were members of the LDS Church: he stated, "One who chooses to follow the tenets of his profession, regardless of how they may injure the Church or destroy the faith of those not ready for 'advanced history', is himself in spiritual jeopardy. If that one is a member of the Church, he has broken his covenants and will be held accountable." Packer's comments raised criticism by some prominent Mormon and non-Mormon scholars. Soon after Packer's 1981 speech, Mormon historian D. Michael Quinn gave a speech highly critical of Packer's views, and suggested that a historian who followed Packer's advice would sacrifice their honesty and professional integrity. Quinn also discussed what he viewed as a Mormon tradition of portraying LDS leaders as infallible people. C. Robert Mesle has criticized Packer as having created a false dichotomy "between the integrity of faith and the integrity of inquiry." He was known for his authoritarian leadership and polarizing approach .
In May 2013, Weber State University, where Packer received an associate degree in 1948 and where he met his wife, designated a public service center for families the "Boyd K. and Donna Smith Packer Family and Community Education Center". Packer was also interviewed by PBS for its documentary on the LDS Church titled The Mormons.
Packer died at his home on July 3, 2015, from causes incident to age. At the time of his death, he was the second-most senior apostle among the ranks of the church and the fifth-longest serving general authority in the church's history. His funeral was held on July 10, 2015, and he was buried in Brigham City.
- Packer, Boyd K. (1962), Manual of Policies and Procedures for the Administration of Indian Seminaries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Field Project (Ed.D.), Provo, Utah: Department of Education, Brigham Young University, OCLC 22009489
- —— (1963), Eternal Love, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ASIN B01N7X28VY
- —— (1975), Teach Ye Diligently, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-558-3
- —— (1977), Mothers, booklet, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, OCLC 19655993
- —— (1978), To the One, pamphlet, Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- —— (1980), To Young Men Only, pamphlet, Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, OCLC 20473672
- —— (1980), The Holy Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0-88494-411-9
- —— (1982), That All May Be Edified: Talks, Sermons & Commentary, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0-88494-473-7
- —— (1984), Our Father's Plan, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87747-523-1
- —— (1986), A Christmas Parable, booklet, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0-88494-605-2
- —— (1990), The Mediator, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0875790954
- —— (1991), Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0-88494-787-5
- —— (1996), The Things of the Soul, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-0-88494-951-0
- —— (1997), Memorable Stories and Parables, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-1-57008-336-5
- —— (1998), The Shield of Faith, Salt Lake City, Utah: Bookcraft, ISBN 978-1-57008-582-6
- —— (2000), Memorable Stories With a Message, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57345-788-0
- —— (2008), Clyde J. Williams (ed.), Mine Errand from the Lord: Selections from the Sermons and Writings of Boyd K. Packer, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-60641-023-3
- —— (2014), Refuge From The Storm, Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1609079833
- Packer served as acting quorum president during the presidencies of Howard W. Hunter and Gordon B. Hinckley. Following Hunter's death in March 1995, Hinckley functioned as the quorum president, until the First Presidency was again reconstituted. At that time, Packer was again set apart as acting president. Similarly, following Hinckley's death, Thomas S. Monson served in his role as quorum president until becoming church president, as which time Packer became the quorum's president.
- Tad Watch (July 3, 2015), "President Boyd K. Packer, champion of families, master teacher, resolute defender of LDS doctrine, dies at 90", Deseret News
- Greg Hill, "Develop courage, Pres. Packer counsels", Deseret News, November 17, 2008.
- "General Authorities and General Officers". President Boyd K. Packer. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. April 4, 2015. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- Todd, Jay M. (May 1970). "Boyd K. Packer Of the Council of the Twelve". Improvement Era.
- Don L. Searle, "Elder Boyd K. Packer: Disciple of the Master Teacher", Ensign, June 1986.
- Gerry Avant, "President Packer is at half-century milestone of service", Church News, October 1, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- "President Boyd K. Packer Dies At Age 90". mormonnewsroom.org. July 3, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Marina Mikhailovskaya and Benjamin Gaines, "Putting Family First in Ukraine," Ensign, September 2004, p. 46.
- Church News, May 1, 1993.[full citation needed]
- Regina Saskatchewan LDS (Mormon) Temple, ldschurchtemples.com.
- "Brigham City Utah LDS Temple," Archived September 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ldschurchtemples.com.
- Carole Mikita, "LDS Church members participate in Brigham City temple dedication", KSL, 23 September 2012.
- Ezra Taft Benson has acknowledged that this idea originated with Packer: see Ezra Taft Benson, "Think on Christ", Ensign, March 1989.
- "Worthy Thoughts". LDS Church. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Book of Mormon Presentations, retrieved December 23, 2012
- The Mediator, retrieved December 23, 2012
- Boyd K. Packer, "The Candle of the Lord", Ensign, January 1983.
- Bateman, Merrill J. (July 2001), "The Power of Hymns", Ensign: 15, retrieved June 21, 2008
- Lloyd, R. Scott. "Revelation rewarded those who waited", Church News, December 18, 1999.
- Allen, James B., Jessie L. Embry and Kahlile B. Mehr. Hearts Turned to the Fathers: A History of the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1894–1994 (Provo, Utah: BYU Studies, 1995) p. 247.
- Allen. Hearts Turned to the Fathers. pp. 250–51.
- Packer, Boyd K. "To Young Men Only" Archived March 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (published 1980).
- D. Michael Quinn, Same-sex Dynamics Among Nineteenth-century Americans: A Mormon Example (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001) p. 382.
- D. Michael Quinn, "Prelude to the National 'Defense of Marriage' Campaign: Civil Discrimination Against Feared or Despised Minorities", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought vol. 33 no. 3 (Fall 2000) pp. 1–52.
- Hilary Groutage Smith, "Mormon Pamphlets on Gays Criticized", The Salt Lake Tribune, 6 August 2000, p. B2
- David E. Hardy, "BYU's Dismissal of Gay Students Continues Confusion for Gays, Parents" [opinion], The Salt Lake Tribune, p. AA3.
- "Boyd K Packer - To the One". Scribd.
- "Full text of Boyd K. Packer's talk with Packer's edits", lds.org, October 21, 2010.
- "HRC Delivers 150K Petitions to Mormon Church" Archived October 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, HRC.org October 21, 2010
- "Church Responds to HRC Petition: Statement on Same-Sex Attraction", News Release, MormonNewsroom.org, October 12, 2010
- "LDS Church addresses changes made to Pres. Packer's talk", ksl.com, October 8, 2010.
- Schnecker, Lisa (April 8, 2013). "Boyd Packer, Top Mormon, Warns Of Immorality 'Tolerance Trap'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- "President Boyd K. Packer: 'These Things I Know'". Deseret News. April 6, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Packer (1981, online ed. p. 5).
- Packer (1981, online ed. p. 6) (apparently referring to 1 Cor. 3:2).
- Packer (1981, online ed. p. 6).
- Packer (1981, online ed. p. 7).
- Quinn (1992) ("If I were to write about any subject unrelated to religion, and I purposely failed to make reference to pertinent information of which I had knowledge, I would be justifiably criticized for dishonesty. What is true outside of religion is equally true in writing religious history.").
- Quinn (1992)
- Mesle (1992).
- Ostling, R, J (2000). "Mormon America: The Power and the Promise". The John Whitmer Historical Association Journal. 20: 166–168. JSTOR 43200142.
- R. Scott Lloyd, "Weber State University names center after President, Sister Packer", Church News, May 9, 2013.
- "President Packer Interview Transcript from PBS Documentary". LDS Church. 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "The Mormons". PBS. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "President Boyd K. Packer Dies At Age 90", Newsroom, LDS Church, July 3, 2015
- "President Monson, others: President Packer a 'diligent, devoted disciple of Christ'", Tad Watch, Deseret News, July 10, 2015
- "President Boyd K. Packer", Leader Biographies, MormonNewsroom.org, LDS Church, retrieved November 20, 2014
- Mesle, C. Robert (1992), "History, Faith, and Myth", in Smith, George D. (ed.), Faithful History, Salt Lake City: Signature Books, archived from the original on May 23, 2010, retrieved June 5, 2009
- Packer, Boyd K. (November 2000), "Ye Are the Temple of God", Ensign
- Packer, Boyd K. (May 18, 1993), Talk to the All-Church Coordinating Council Online reprint by John W. Redelfs at ZionsBest.com
- Packer, Boyd K. (1981), "The Mantle Is Far, Far Greater Than the Intellect", BYU Studies, 21 (3): 259–277, archived from the original on March 10, 2013
- Packer, Boyd K. (1978), To the One: Address given to the Twelve Stake Fireside, Brigham Young University, March 5, 1978, LDS Church External link in
- Packer, Boyd K. (1976), To Young Men Only (PDF), LDS Church, archived from the original (PDF) on March 19, 2013
- Quinn, D. Michael (2001), "Prelude to the National 'Defense of Marriage' Campaign: Civil Discrimination Against Feared or Despised Minorities", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, 33 (3): 1–52, archived from the original on June 13, 2011
- Quinn, D. Michael (1992), "On Being a Mormon Historian (and Its Aftermath)", in Smith, George D. (ed.), Faithful History, Salt Lake City: Signature Books, archived from the original on May 27, 2010
- Searle, Don L. (June 1986), Elder Boyd K. Packer: Disciple of the Master Teacher, Ensign, pp. 8–9
- Boyd K. Packer, official church profile.
- Boyd K. Packer, Mormon Newsroom Leader Biographies.
- Boyd K. Packer, Church News
- Boyd K. Packer, Boyd K. Packer, Grampa Bill's G.A. (General Authority) Pages.
- Boyd K. Packer Boyd K. Packer, Special Witnesses of Christ, LDS.org
- Boyd K. Packer, Wiki Quotes.
|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles|
Thomas S. Monson
| President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
February 3, 2008 – July 3, 2015
Russell M. Nelson
Thomas S. Monson
| Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 9, 1970 – July 3, 2015
Marvin J. Ashton