Grassy fields at Beatty Point in Braddock Bay support ground-nesting bird species.
|Location||Along Lake Ontario in Monroe County, New York|
Braddock Bay, sometimes improperly referred to as Braddock's Bay, is a small bay of Lake Ontario located in Monroe County northwest of Rochester, New York in the United States. Braddock Bay is renowned for being an excellent bird-watching location, as raptors and other birds congregate there when migrating north in spring.
The bay's name is derived from a "barbarous mispronunciation" of its original name, Prideaux Bay, which referred to British General John Prideaux. The name was first given after Prideaux and his force of 3,200 soldiers encamped at the bay in 1759, on their way to the Battle of Fort Niagara during the French and Indian War, where Prideaux would be killed. Initial mispronunciation of the bay's name led to some confusion with British General Edward Braddock, resulting in the bay's current name.
Much of the land in this complex of marshland and small bays is managed by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) as the 2,125-acre (8.60 km2) Braddock Bay Wildlife Management Area. The WMA was created in 1982 after the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation (NYSOPRHP) transferred all but approximately 375 acres (1.52 km2) of the former Braddock Bay State Park (established in 1956) to the NYSDEC. The remaining parcels were leased to the Town of Greece in 1981.
As of 2014, the NYSOPRHP retains ownership of 387 acres (1.57 km2) on the bay. Much of this property is maintained by the Town of Greece as Braddock Bay Park, which is located on the east side of the open bay and includes a hawk-watching station.
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The Braddock Bay complex also includes:
- Owl Woods (Pear Orchard) – banding station
- The Spits (East & West)
- The Bay
- Cranberry, Long and Buck Ponds
- Beatty Point: a portion of the Braddock's Bay that has extensive grassy fields, a haven for the numerous grassland bird species (nests can easily be crushed when wandering off-trail in spring).
- Hogan Point and Hincher Road
- Northrup Creek
- Salmon Creek
- Island Cottage Woods
- Rose Marsh
Birds to look for include:
- Spring: eastern kingbird, indigo bunting, bobolink, Savannah sparrow and northern harrier, small groups of ducks, robins, swans and Nelson's sparrow.
- Summer: black terns, Caspian, common and Forster's terns during migration periods, red-winged blackbirds, swans, great blue herons, and sedge wren occasionally
- Fall: red-winged blackbirds, sparrows, swans, great blue herons, and turkey vultures
- Winter: chickadees
- "Braddock Bay". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Drennan, Susan Roney (1981). Where to Find Birds in New York State: The Top 500 Sites. Syracuse University Press. pp. 464–466. ISBN 9780815601739. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- Hanford, Franklin (1911). On the Origin of the Names of Places in Monroe County, New York. Scottsville, NY: Scottsville Literary Society. pp. 45–47. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "US Coast Guard Auxiliary, Braddock Bay, Rochester, New York, Lake Ontario - Ninth District Eastern Region, Flotilla 45". U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Natural Heritage Trust; New York State Office of Parks and Recreation; New York State Council of Parks & Recreation (1975). Fifty Years: New York State Parks, 1924-1974. Natural Heritage Trust. p. 32.
- "Braddock Bay". NYS Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Section O: Environmental Conservation and Recreation, Table O-9". 2014 New York State Statistical Yearbook (PDF). The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. 2014. p. 671. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 16, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
- "Braddock Bay Park". Town of Greece. Retrieved January 1, 2016.