Both Brazil and Mozambique were united for three hundred years as part of the Portuguese Empire. As part of the Portuguese Empire, Brazil received thousands of Mozambicans who arrived to the country as slaves. From 1815-1822, Mozambique was administered by Brazil during the Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil.
From September 1964 - September 1974, Mozambique was at war with Portugal during its war of independence. In December 1973, Brazil voted in favor of the United Nations Resolution 3117 on the elimination of colonialism in Southern Africa. On 25 June 1975, Mozambique obtained its independence. On 15 November 1975, Brazil recognized and established diplomatic relations with Mozambique.
In March 1976, Brazil opened an embassy in the Mozambican capital of Maputo and in January 1998, Mozambique reciprocated the gesture by opening an embassy in Brasília. In 2000, Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso paid an official visit to Mozambique and attended the 3rd summit of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries being held in the Mozambican capital. In 2001, Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano paid an official visit to Brazil. Since then, there have been several high level visits between leaders of both nations.
- President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (2000)
- President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003, 2010)
- President Dilma Rousseff (2011, 2012)
- President Joaquim Chissano (2001, 2002, 2004)
- President Armando Guebuza (2007, 2009)
- Prime Minister Aires Ali (2012)
Brazil and Mozambique have signed several bilateral agreements such as agreements on cooperation in health, education, social policies and public security (2001). In 2004, Brazil agreed to forgive 95% of Mozambique's debt to Brazil totaling US$280 million. In 2010, both nations signed agreements on air service cooperation and for mutual recognition of driver's license. In 2015, both nations signed an agreement on cooperation and investment facilitation. Mozambique is the largest recipient of Brazilian aid from the national aid agency Agência Brasileira de Cooperação.
Trade and Investment
In 2014, trade between Brazil and Mozambique totaled US$74 million. In 2010, Brazil opened an anti-retroviral medicine plant in Mozambique. In 2016, Brazilian investments in Mozambique reached US$10 billion, mainly in the mining, construction and agriculture industries. Brazilian multinational companies such as Andrade Gutierrez, Odebrecht, Petrobras and Vale operate in Mozambique.
Resident diplomatic missions
- Brazil has an embassy in Maputo.
- Mozambique has an embassy in Brasília and a consulate in Belo Horizonte.
- Shipwreck Shines Light on Historic Shift in Slave Trade
- The History of Brazil-Africa Relations
- Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly during its Twenty-Eighth Session
- Relations between Brazil and Mozambique (in Portuguese and Spanish)
- Relações Bilaterais (in Portuguese)
- Acuerdo de Cooperación y Facilitación de Inversiones entre Brasil y Mozambique (in Portuguese)
- Abellán & Alonso 2017, p. 9.
- Brasil quer se consolidar como parceiro comercial de Moçambique (in Portuguese)
- Brazil's President Lula makes final visit to Africa
- Brazil’s investment reaches US$10 billion – Mining, Construction and Agriculture
- Brazil Gains Business and Influence as It Offers Aid and Loans in Africa
- Embassy of Brazil in Maputo (in Portuguese)
- Embassy of Mozambique in Brasília (in Portuguese)
- "Consulate of Mozambique in Belo Horizonte (in Portuguese)". Archived from the original on 2017-08-27. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
- Abellán, Javier; Alonso, José Antonio (2017). The role of Brazil as a new donor of development aid in Africa. Africa, New Powers, Old Powers. University of Bologna.