Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

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Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

Le Pont-Breaux
Historic downtown Breaux Bridge at S. Main St. (LA 31) and Van Buren St.
Historic downtown Breaux Bridge at S. Main St. (LA 31) and Van Buren St.
Nickname(s): 
Crawfish Capital of the World
Location of Breaux Bridge in St. Martin Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Breaux Bridge in St. Martin Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°16′25.1″N 91°53′57.6″W / 30.273639°N 91.899333°W / 30.273639; -91.899333Coordinates: 30°16′25.1″N 91°53′57.6″W / 30.273639°N 91.899333°W / 30.273639; -91.899333
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishSt. Martin
Government
Area
 • Total7.90 sq mi (20.45 km2)
 • Land7.72 sq mi (19.98 km2)
 • Water0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Elevation
23 ft (7 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total8,139
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
8,227
 • Density1,089.55/sq mi (420.70/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)337
FIPS code22-09340
Websitehttp://www.breauxbridgelive.com

Breaux Bridge (French: le Pont-Breaux; pronounced [ləpɔ̃bʁo]) is a small city in St. Martin Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population is 8,139 as of the 2010 census, up from 7,281 in 2000. It is part of the Lafayette Metropolitan Statistical Area.

This community is called the Crawfish Capital of the World, a designation obtained by former Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives Robert J. "Bob" Angelle. It is also known for its unusual listing of nicknames in its telephone directory.[3]

Bridge over Bayou Teche, Breaux Bridge, Louisiana

History[edit]

On August 25th of 1829, Scholastique Picou Breaux founded Breaux Bridge, Louisiana at the age of 33.

Scholastique was born Scholastique Melanie Picou on July 25, 1796. At a young age, she married Agricole Breaux; and together, they had five children. In 1817, the couple replaced the Bayou Teche suspension footbridge built by Agricole's father with a vehicular bridge that allowed wagon passage and made way for the area's increasing commerce. At the age of 32, Scholastique became a widow.

A determined Acadian woman, Scholastique drew up Plan de la Ville Du Pont des Breaux (the plan for the Village of Breaux Bridge), which included a detailed map of the area and a diagram of streets. She developed the area by selling land lots to other Acadian settlers. In 1847, a church parish was created; and 12 years later, the area was officially incorporated. After founding the town, Scholastique remarried and birthed an additional two additional children.

Breaux's Bridge[edit]

Agricole's father was the Acadian pioneer Firmin Breaux. Breaux first arrived in the area during early 1765. By 1774, his branding iron was registered, and by 1786 he was one of the largest property owners in the Bayou Teche country. In 1799, Breaux built a footbridge across the Bayou Teche to help ease the passage across for his family and neighbors. This first bridge was a suspension footbridge, likely made of rope and small planks. It was stabilized by being tied to small pilings located at each end of the bridge as well as to a pair of huge live oak trees on both sides of the bayou. When traveling directions were given, residents would often instruct people to "go to Breaux's bridge . . ." This was later adopted as the city's name.[4]


Geography[edit]

Breaux Bridge is located at 30°16′33″N 91°54′4″W / 30.27583°N 91.90111°W / 30.27583; -91.90111 (30.275939, -91.901230).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2), of which 6.6 square miles (17 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Shops in Breaux Bridge.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1880443
189065447.6%
19006540.0%
19101,339104.7%
19201,171−12.5%
19301,39919.5%
19401,66819.2%
19502,49249.4%
19603,30332.5%
19704,94249.6%
19805,92219.8%
19906,51510.0%
20007,28111.8%
20108,13911.8%
Est. 20188,227[2]1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,139 people residing in the city. 50.0% were White, 47.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% from some other race and 1.3% from two or more races. 1.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 7,281 people, 2,512 households, and 1,821 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,111.7 people per square mile (429.2/km²). There were 2,740 housing units at an average density of 418.3 per square mile (161.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.84% White, 48.66% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.65% of the population. Of the population over the age of five, 68.3% spoke English at home, 28.3% spoke French, 1.7% spoke Spanish, and 1.6% spoke Louisiana Creole French.[8]

There were 2,512 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 24.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,102, and the median income for a family was $31,570. Males had a median income of $30,880 versus $17,819 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,536. About 26.8% of families and 30.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.0% of those under age 18 and 25.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools in St. Martin Parish are operated by the St. Martin Parish School Board. The city of Breaux Bridge is zoned to Breaux Bridge Primary School (Grades PK-2), Breaux Bridge Elementary (Grades 3-5), Breaux Bridge Junior High School (Grades 6-8), and Breaux Bridge High School (Grades 9-12).

Private schools include St. Bernard Elementary (Grades PreK-8), and Louisiana Christian School (Grades PreK-12) .

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  3. ^ Gloster, Rob. "Small Town`s Phone Book Caters To Nicknames". United Press International. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  4. ^ gov.breauxbridgelive.com "History of Breaux Bridge" Archived January 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-15. Retrieved 2013-08-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Results for Election Date: 10/22/2011". staticresults.sos.la.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
  10. ^ "Will Sentell, Beebe, the loyal opposition on BESE, July 29, 2013". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Castille, Jeanne M. Breaux Bridge Crawfish Festival. Lafayette, La: Attakapas Historical Association, 1976.
  • Comeaux, Goldie. The Original Mulate's, Breaux Bridge, Louisiana Cookbook. [Breaux Bridge, La.]: G. Comeaux, 1994. ISBN 0-9643959-0-8
  • Delcambre, Kenneth P. The Historical Chronolgy [sic] of Breaux Bridge Businesses, 1769-1954. Volume 1. [Breaux Bridge, La: Champvert, 2003.
  • Delcambre, Kenneth P. The Breaux Bridge Author's Directory. Breaux Bridge, La: Champvert Publications, 2001.
  • Delcambre, Kenneth P. World War II and Breaux Bridge, Louisiana. City of Breaux Bridge, La: K.P. Delcambre, 1999.
  • Rees, Grover. A Narrative History of Breaux Bridge, Once Called "La Pointe". St. Martinville, La: Attakapas Historical Association, 1976.
  • Sammons, Thomas C., and Brandee Duhon. Breaux Bridge: Urban Design for a Small Town. [Lafayette, La.]: Univ. of Louisiana at Lafayette, School of Architecture, 1990.
  • Irwin, Sam. "Louisiana Crawfish: A Succulent History of the Cajun Crustacean". [Charleston, S.C.]: The History Press, 2014.
  • Irwin, Sam. "It Happens in Louisiana: Peculiar Tales, Traditions and Recipes from the Bayou". [Charleston, S.C.]: The History Press, 2015

External links[edit]