British Rail Class 380

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British Rail Class 380 Desiro
Glengarnock - looking towards Glasgow.JPG
380011 at Glengarnock in 2015
ScotRail Class 380 Interior, July 2012.jpg
The interior of an Abellio ScotRail Class 380
In service3rd December 2010–present
ManufacturerSiemens Mobility
Built atKrefeld, Germany
Family nameDesiro
Constructed2009–2011
Number built38 trainsets
Formation3 or 4 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers
  • 380001–380022
  • 380101–380116
Capacity
  • 191 seats (380/0)
  • 265 seats (380/1)
Operator(s)Abellio ScotRail
Depot(s)Glasgow Shields Road TMD
Line(s) served
Specifications
Car lengthDMS: 23.78 m (78 ft 14 in)
PTSLW & TSL: 23.57 m (77 ft 4 in)[1]
Width2.80 m (9 ft 2 14 in)[2]
Height3.78 m (12 ft 4 78 in)[2]
Maximum speed100 mph (161 km/h)[1]
Weight380/0: 132.8 t (130.7 long tons; 146.4 short tons)
380/1: 167.5 t (164.9 long tons; 184.6 short tons)[2]
Power output1,000 kW (1,341 hp)[2]
Acceleration380/0: max. 1 m/s/s (3.6 km/(h⋅s); 2.2 mph/s)
380/1: max. 0.9 m/s/s (3.2 km/(h⋅s); 2.0 mph/s)[1]
Electric system(s)25 kV 50 Hz AC Overhead
Current collection methodPantograph
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The Class 380 Desiro is a type of electric multiple-unit train that operates on the national railway network in Scotland.

The Siemens "Desiro UK" family also includes units of Classes 185, 350, 360, 444 and 450.Class 380 trains now operate alongside Class 385 units on the electrified line from Glasgow Queen Street to Cumbernauld, Camelon, Falkirk Grahamston and Edinburgh.

Description[edit]

The trains operate Abellio ScotRail services in the Ayrshire and Inverclyde region of Scotland and had originally been intended for the cancelled Glasgow Airport Rail Link. The construction was awarded to Siemens and announced by Transport Scotland on 11 July 2008.[3]

A total of 38 sets were ordered, comprising 22 three-car and 16 four-car units. Stations along the Ayrshire Coast Line and Inverclyde Line underwent platform extension works to allow the use of the longer trains.[4] The trains were specified to have full access for disabled people and to have streamlined end corridor connections. On the unveiling of the first completed vehicle, it was announced that the fleet would be divided into two sub-groups, with the three-car units Class 380/0 and the four-car as Class 380/1.[5]

In September 2010, commissioning of the fleet was suspended by ScotRail due to technical issues with the trains.[6] The reliability issues and extended commissioning period resulted in an initially reduced service on parts of the ScotRail network, including the newly re-opened Airdrie-Bathgate line.[7]

The fleet is based at Glasgow Shields Road TMD. Introduction of the fleet resulted in the cascading of the Class 334 "Juniper" and Class 318 fleet which previously operated the Ayrshire Coast Line and Inverclyde Line.[8] The North Berwick Line operations was a Class 322 fleet replacement. The Class 334 "Juniper" stock were cascaded onto the North Clyde Line to Edinburgh Waverley, the Class 318s were cascaded onto the Argyle Line, and Class 322 cascaded onto the Wakefield Line with Northern Rail.

Operations[edit]

As of 2019, The Class 380 operates trains between Glasgow Central and Ayr, Largs, Ardrossan, Gourock, Wemyess Bay, Neilston and Cathcart Circle, In addition they also operate trains between Edinburgh and Glasgow Queen Street via Falkirk Grahamston, North Berwick and Dunbar. They can also operate to Stirling, Dunblane and Alloa if required.

The fleet was introduced into public service on 8 December 2010 with 380111 operated the 16:26 from Paisley Gilmour Street to Ayr, followed on 9 December 2010 by 380102 and 380001 which worked the 15:30 Glasgow Central to Ayr service.[citation needed]

The North Berwick Line has been using these trains since 2011.

From 21 November 2012, the Class 380 has operated the Paisley Canal Line. Electrification of the section of line from Corkerhill to Paisley Canal, to a plan devised by a ScotRail and Network Rail alliance, began in July 2012[9] and was completed in November 2012. The electrification works were undertaken during night time and weekend possessions, resulting in the route closing after 8pm Monday to Thursday, all day on Saturdays, and for an eight-day period in October, with work starting on 29 September 2012 and intending to be completed by 8 November 2012.[10][11] Class 314 and Class 380 "Desiro" electric multiple units supplemented the existing Class 156 "Super Sprinter" diesel multiple units from energisation of the wires in November 2012. From the timetable change in December 2012, the Class 156 "Super Sprinter" were moved to other routes.

Following the December 2014 timetable change, with the electrification of the Whifflet Line, services to Lanark were re-routed into Glasgow Central High Level. Alongside the usual Class 318 and Class 320 units, the Class 380 has often been used on the route.

The Class 380 operates some services on the recently electrified line between Glasgow Queen Street and Edinburgh Waverley via Falkirk. As of December 2017, the units have started operating on the line over a year late.[12]

Fleet details[edit]

Class Operator No. Built Year Built Cars per Set Unit nos.
Class 380/0 Abellio ScotRail 22 2009–2011 3 380001–380022
Class 380/1 16 4 380101–380116

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Class 380". Eversholt Rail. Archived from the original on 21 April 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Class 380". www.railway-centre.com. Archived from the original on 22 April 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  3. ^ "New Electric Trains for Scotland's Growing Railways". Transport Scotland. 11 July 2008. Archived from the original on 17 December 2009. Retrieved 11 July 2008.
  4. ^ "New trains bring 9,000 more seats". BBC News. 11 July 2008. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  5. ^ "Siemens introduce the new Class 380 'Desiro'" (PDF). Railway Herald (202). 23 November 2009. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Rail network hits buffers as trains fail". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 9 October 2010.
  7. ^ Damien Henderson (9 October 2010). "Train shortage fears as £200m fleet is refused". The Herald. Glasgow. Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  8. ^ "Desiros unveiled ready for ScotRail services". Rail (648). 14 July 2010.
  9. ^ "£12m "alliance" investment for Paisley Canal line" (Press release). First Group. 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 31 July 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Alliance cuts cost of Paisley Canal line electrification". Railway Gazette International. London. 11 June 2012. Archived from the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Paisley Canal timetable changes". First ScotRail. Archived from the original on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
  12. ^ "ScotRail's AT200 EMU interior unveiled at Edinburgh Waverley". Global Rail News. 10 February 2016. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to British Rail Class 380 at Wikimedia Commons