Broadmoor, Colorado

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Broadmoor, Colorado
landform and neighborhood
Broadmoor Casino, with Broadmoor house on the right, in 1891.
Broadmoor Casino, with Broadmoor house on the right, in 1891.
Coordinates: 38°47′44″N 104°50′29″W / 38.79556°N 104.84139°W / 38.79556; -104.84139Coordinates: 38°47′44″N 104°50′29″W / 38.79556°N 104.84139°W / 38.79556; -104.84139[1]
CountryUnited States
StateColorado
CountyEl Paso County
MunicipalityColorado Springs
ID
GNIS 193527
GNIS 201193
Feature
Populated place
Cheyenne Lake

Broadmoor is a neighborhood in Colorado Springs, Colorado.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Broadmoor was defined in 1901 as a plain in Colorado Springs.[3]

The neighborhood extends beyond the plain along the northern spur of the Cheyenne Mountain massif and into the valley of Cheyenne Creek, which has its source at the adjacent North Cheyenne Cañon Park's confluence of South Cheyenne Creek and North Cheyenne Creek.

Adjacent neighborhoods are Upper and Lower Skyway (north), Ivywild (northeast), Stratton Meadows (east), and Neal Ranch (south).[4]

History[edit]

Broadmoor Casino, 1891

In the 1880s, Willie Wilcox and James Pourtales purchased the Broodmoor Dairy. Wilcox was a wealth man who came to Colorado for his health and Pourtales was a Prussian Count. They dammed part of Cheyenne Creek that ran through the dairy's property to create a man-made lake to make a more enticing environment for a hotel and casino that they were building. The city of Colorado Springs, in an effort to supplement the water needed to be supplied for the town, "continued to steal water". In a legal suit, Wilcox and Pourtales were deemed the water rights holder. Their company went bankrupt and was reorganized as the Broadmoor Land and Investment Company. The London and New York Investment Company bought their organization in 1893 and in 1897 completed the construction of the lake and casino, which was formally landscaped, had grounds for polo and golf games, pigeon shooting, and gambling.[5] The resort and casino were fashioned for wealthy guests and the buildings had European architecture.[6] The Broadmoor Dairy was owned by Dr. Robert M. Smith in 1898.[7]:74, 255

In 1898, Broadmoor was 1 mile (1.6 km) southwest of the city limit and was about 2 miles (3.2 km) long.[7]:34 Piedmont was south of the east end of Broadmoor.[7]:35 The Broadmoor Casino and the Cheyenne Mountain Country Club were on the Colorado Springs and Interurban Railway Cheyenne Canon street car line in 1898.[3][7]:18

In 1916, Broadmoor was described as fashionable suburb with many beautiful mansions on Cheyenne Road between Lake and Circle.[8]:7,40,48 Colorado Springs Gun Club had several locations, one of which was in Broadmoor at 7th and Vine.[8]:19 The Myron Stratton Home was in Broadmoor in 1916.[8]:21 The Broadmoor resort had an electric light plant and greenhouse on Lake Circle.[8]:88

The Broadmoor, including its Broadmoor Golf Club, opened in 1918.[9] In 1919, aircraft flights began to and from the hotel's neighboring fields.[10]:8:3

Broadmoor was one of five Colorado Springs suburbs annexed into Colorado Springs in 1980. The others were Ivywild, Skyway, Cheyenne Canon, and Stratton Meadows. The annexation added 6.5 square miles (17 km2) and 20,000 people to the city's total area and population. The Colorado Supreme Court upheld the annexation in 1982.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Broadmoor (193527)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "Broadmoor, Colorado". Urban Mapping. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Harper & Brothers (1901). Harper's Official Golf Guide. Harper. p. 79.
  4. ^ "Colorado Springs Neighborhoods". HelloColoradoSprings.com. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  5. ^ Kathleen A. Brosnan (2002). Uniting Mountain & Plain: Cities, Law, and Environmental Change Along the Front Range. UNM Press. pp. 112–113. ISBN 978-0-8263-2352-1.
  6. ^ Kathleen A. Brosnan (2002). Uniting Mountain & Plain: Cities, Law, and Environmental Change Along the Front Range. UNM Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8263-2352-1.
  7. ^ a b c d Directory of Colorado Springs (PDF), The Out West Printing and Stationery Company, 1898, archived from the original (PDF) on November 12, 2013, retrieved January 30, 2015
  8. ^ a b c d Colorado Springs, Colorado City and Manitou City Directory (PDF). The R. L. Polk Directory Company. 1916. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  9. ^ Steven B. Stern (May 1, 2006). "Colorado: The Broadmoor". Stern's Guide to the Greatest Resorts of the World. Stern's Travel Guides, Ltd. pp. 64, 67. ISBN 978-0-9778608-0-7.
  10. ^ Hartman, James Edward (June 28, 1996). Colorado Springs Municipal Airport (NRHP Inventory--Nomination Form). In 1942 the [Broadmoor] hangar was purchased by the City of Colorado Springs. The Air Force began leasing the [Broadmoor] hangar as a storage area in 1958.
  11. ^ Bill Vogrin (May 20, 2007). "Annexation -- an issue that doesn't go away". The Gazette. Colorado Springs, Colorado. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2015 – via HighBeam Research.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Broadmoor, Colorado Springs, Colorado: European Luxury in the Rockies. Colorado Springs, Colorado: Colorado Springs Gazette Printing Company. 1896.

External links[edit]

External images
Map with perimeter of neighborhood
Broadmoor Casino, 1898
Broadmoor Casino on the lake, 1891-1897
Broadmoor Lake
Blair House
Potter House
Homewood, 1970
Farm in Broadmoor area, mountains in the background