Brook House (Park Lane)

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Coordinates: 51°30′40.8″N 0°9′25.3″W / 51.511333°N 0.157028°W / 51.511333; -0.157028

Brook House 113 Park Lane in Mayfair, London as it appeared in 1870, with its French façade before its 1933 remodel to Georgian style

Brook House located at 113 Park Lane in Mayfair, London,[1] was built by Thomas Henry Wyatt from 1867 to 1869. It was the home of Edward VII's private banker Ernest Cassel[2] and his granddaughter. Upon his death in 1921, the house was left to Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley, daughter of Wilfrid Ashley, 1st Baron Mount Temple and Amalia Mary Maud Cassel.[3] She sold the property in 1931, it was built into flats in 1933 and one of the first tenants was Harry Selfridge, who occupied a flat there in 1936.[4]

History[edit]

In 1854, Dudley Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth purchased the lot on the corner which was numbered 29. A decade later, he acquired the adjacent lot numbered 28 and sought permission to build a mansion overlooking the park, based upon designs from Thomas Henry Wyatt. Construction began in 1867 and completed in 1869 on the large red brick structure with Portland stone dressings. The house had French façades, and a number of bays and balconies. The interior from the entrance on Upper Brook Street opened to a mahogany staircase that rose two stories, lined in variegated marble. The library was furnished in cherry paneling and the dining room was decorated with carving from the recently demolished Draper's Hall.[5]

After the first Lord Tweedmouth died, the 2nd Baron added a porch to the house where lot 27 had been. A reversal in his financial situation, caused him to sell the house in 1904. Ernest Cassel not only bought Brook House, but he also bought the Baron's country estate at Guisachan. Between 1905 and 1907, Cassel carried out renovations to the property designed by architect Arnold Mitchell and built by the firm of Holland and Hannen. The interiors were done by Charles Allom, decorator for the Royal Family.[5] The house had 24 bedrooms, 11 reception rooms, a sixty-foot-long ballroom, a grand dining room which had seating for 100 guests, and 800 tons of Tuscan marble in the main hall and staircase alone.[6]

Cassel's granddaughter, who would later become Countess Mountbatten, had from the time she was a child and her mother died, had a room in his home.[3] Upon Cassel's death, the house passed to his sister, Wilhelmina Cassel, but Edwina continued to live there.[5] She and Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma married in a lavish ceremony in 1922 with the Prince of Wales serving as best man and the king and queen in attendance. After the ceremony, the reception was held in Brook House[6] and the couple moved into a suite on the third floor. When Wilhelmina Cassel died in 1925, the house became Edwina's outright and they remodeled the house with a naval motif.[5] The master bedroom was designed like the cabin of a battleship, complete with portholes,[6] cork-lined ceiling and brass handrails.[2]

In 1931, Edwina put the house up for sale citing high taxes and the cost to maintain the property,[6] but there were some problems with the will, forcing delays. George Gee of the building firm Gee, Walker and Slater, bought the major interest[5] and the house was mostly demolished[2] and rebuilt in 1933–35 with neo-Georgian designs similar to the neighboring houses. Each floor had a single flat. The Mountbatten's double-story penthouse was not completed until 1937[5] and could only be reached by a private, express elevator.[2] The lower flats began being rented out and one of the early occupants was Harry Selfridge, who occupied a flat there in 1936.[4]

In 1998 a demolition and renovation was completed on the property by contractors Higgs and Hill for Brook House Developments Ltd. Upon completion, the property contained basement parking, commercial space on the ground and first floors, 16 luxury apartments and a single penthouse occupying the seventh and eighth floors.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brook House". Buildington. London: Buildington. January 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Glinert, Ed (2012). The London Compendium. London: Penguin UK. p. 356. ISBN 978-0-718-19203-7. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b Braun, Marilyn (2007). "Royal Profile: Edwina, Countess Mountbatten of Burma". marilynsroyalblog. London: Marilyn Braun. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b Moore, Craig. "Where was Mr Selfridges house?". london-tourist-guide.s3. Craig Moore. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Park Lane". British History Online. London: The University of London. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "Lady Mountbatten Selling Residence". Ottawa Evening Citizen. Ottawa, Canada. 17 October 1931. p. 11. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Brook House, Park Lane, London W1" (PDF). The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. London: The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 4 July 2015.