Bura language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bura-Pabir language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bura
Bura-Pabir
Native toNigeria
RegionBorno State, Adamawa State
Native speakers
(250,000 cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3bwr
Glottologbura1292[2]
Linguasphere18-GBB-d (-da -db -dc)

Bura-Pabir (also known as Bura, Burra, Bourrah, Pabir, Babir, Babur, Barburr, Mya Bura, Kwojeffa, Huve, Huviya) is a Chadic language spoken in Nigeria. Dialects are Pela, Bura Pela, Hill Bura, Hyil Hawul, Bura Hyilhawul, and Plain Bura.[1]

Bura has been reported to contrast a voiceless palatal lateral fricative, [] (ʎ̥˔), which is quite rare. There are thus five laterals in Bura: [l ʎ ɬ ɮ ], though [] can be analyzed as a palatalized fricative, /ɬʲ/. Apart from this, its inventory is much like the very complex system of Margi.

The Bura people (who are mostly found in Adamawa and Borno states of Nigeria) are known to be the one of the most hardworking class of people in both states, thus seen as proud. In Borno state, Bura people are majorly found in Biu LGA, Hawul, Kwaya Kusar, Bayo and Shani LGA's with major places include Shaffa, Yimirshika, Marama (also somewhat major), Bula, etc. The present Chief of Army staff in Nigeria, "Tukur Yusuf Buratai" (who assumed office in 2015) is a "Bura" speaking man from Buratai, "Biu" LGA (he shares the same name with his village).

The Bura people are also found in Adamawa state, Nigeria. They can be found mostly in "Garkida village", other villages include Pele-chroma(which shares boundary with Garkida but is considered to be in Borno state due to a river which dimacates Adamawa and Borno at the border of Garkida), Kawlewa, etc. There are several clans in Bura land among which are the Shalangwa, Tarfa, Balami, Dibal, Nggada, Mshelia, Mshelbila, Mshelbwala, Msheliza, Nganjiwa, Amaza, Durkwa, Dlakwa, Mbaya, Malgwi, etc.

The Bura people were distinctively primitive before the introduction of Christianity. Biu was already an Islamic county and declined the missionaries who came to introduce Christianity to them, thereby making the missionaries from the "Church of The Brethren" to land in Garkida in the year 1923,where they were accepted together with their teachings. They brought education to the village, interacted with the villagers and went as far as learning the language. The first "Church of The Brethren" was established in Garkida which in Hausa language is known as "Eklisiyan Yan'uwa a Nigeria" (EYN), in English is known as "Church of the Brethren in Nigeria" (CBN).

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bura at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bura-Pabir". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

References[edit]