Bustos, Bulacan

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Bustos
Municipality of Bustos
09187jfBustos Bulacan Sentenaryo Municipal Hall Complexfvf 15.jpg
00168jfBantayog ng Sentenaryo Bustos Bulacan 1917-2017fvf 19 (cropped).jpg
00731jfPistang Bayan Torch of Freedom Poblacion Bustos Bulacanfvf 12.jpg
2732Bantayog ng Sentenaryo Bustos Bulacan 10.jpg
FvfBustos,Bulacan0263 22.JPG
FvfBustosBulacan0106 26.JPG
Bustos Dam Panorama, Bulacan, Philippines - panoramio.jpg
Letras y Figuras de Bustos cropped.jpg
(From top, left to right): Bustos Municipal Hall • Bantayog ng Sentenaryo • Torch of Freedom • El Reloj del Centenario de Bustos • Bulacan Military Area Park • Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church • Bustos Dam panoramic view • Letras y Figuras de Bustos
Flag of Bustos
Flag
Official seal of Bustos
Seal
Motto(s): 
Minasa ng kaunlaran!
Anthem: Bayang Dakila (Himno ng Bustos)
Map of Bulacan with Bustos highlighted
Map of Bulacan with Bustos highlighted
Bustos is located in Philippines
Bustos
Bustos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°58′N 120°55′E / 14.96°N 120.92°E / 14.96; 120.92Coordinates: 14°58′N 120°55′E / 14.96°N 120.92°E / 14.96; 120.92
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceBulacan
District2nd District
FoundedJanuary 1, 1917
Named forJose Pedro Pérez de Busto[s]
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorFrancis Albert "Iskul" G. Juan (PDP-Laban)
 • Vice MayorArnel F. Mendoza (NUP)
 • Electorate39,214 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total69.99 km2 (27.02 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total67,039
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Bustosenyo (male)
Bustosenya (female)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
3007
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Poverty ratePositive decrease 5.9%
• Revenue (2017)Increase PHP 167.14 million (14%) [4]
• Expenses (2017)Increase PHP 152.37 million (11%)
• Total Assets (2017)Increase PHP 134.82 million (8%)
ElectricityManila Electric Company
• Consumption19.66 million kWh (2003)
Native languagesTagalog

Bustos, officially the Municipality of Bustos, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Bustos), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 67,039 people.[3]

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, Bustos is now included in the Greater Manila's built-up conurbation area which reaches San Ildefonso, Bulacan at its northernmost part.

History[edit]

Mercado ancestral house

Bustos was a part of the town of Baliuag as its barrio during the Spanish Period. The town was separated from Baliuag by a tragic incident when around 1860, during a rainy Sunday, a group of natives from Bustos with babies in their arms were on their way to St. Augustine Parish Church of Baliuag for baptismal when they drowned after the planceta or raft they were riding accidentally capsized while crossing the wild river of Angat due to the strong water current. This fateful event led the people of Bustos to request and build their own parish church to avoid the crossings in the wild river for community safety. The locals chose Holy Child Jesus (Sto. Niño) as their patron saint in honor of those infants that died in the river.[5]

Bustos also gained its independence from Baliuag in April 29, 1867 through the painstaking efforts and sacrifices of its inhabitants with the integration of barrios Bonga Mayor and Bonga Menor.

The town got its name from Jose Pedro Perez de Busto[s], a mining engineer from Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain, served as the right-hand of Simón de Anda y Salazar, and was appointed teniente general alcalde (Provincial Governor) of Bulacan.[6]

Bustos became a distinct municipality on January 1, 1916 during the Philippine Assembly through 4th Philippine Legislature Assemblyman Ricardo Lloret Gonzalez. A year after, the town inaugurated its municipal hall on January 1, 1917. Leon Prado became its first Municipal Mayor and served from 1917 to 1919. Padre Gabriel Alvarez served as the first parish priest of the institutionalized Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church.

Bulacan Military Area - Gen. Alejo Santos Shrine and Museum

The town became a part of Baliuag again during the American period. At the time, Bustos also became a part of the historical World War II in the Philippines and served as the military headquarters of soldiers in the province of Bulacan during the war in 1945 being led by Bustosenyo then Capt. Alejo Santos.[7]

With the theme "Bustos Sentenaryo : Isang Daan tungo sa Ikasandaan", Bustos celebrated its 100th year founding anniversary in 2017 in the same time with the Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church's 150th year founding anniversary as an independent parish church of the municipality. The Philippine Postal Corporation made a special commemorative stamp for the centennial anniversary celebration of the town.[8]

Geography[edit]

Bustos is located at the center of five adjoining towns of Bulacan Province: San Rafael on the north; Pandi and Plaridel on the south; Baliuag on the west; and Angat on the east.

The land areas are mostly rice fields devoted for planting crops and agricultural products. Some farmlands of the town are covered by irrigation systems of National Irrigation Administration coming from Bustos Dam and Angat Dam on the Angat River.

Barangays[edit]

Bustos is subdivided into the following fourteen barangays (six urban, eight rural).

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[9]
031406001 Bonga Mayor 5.7% 3,792 4,407 −2.82%
031406002 Bonga Menor 6.9% 4,619 4,742 −0.50%
031406003 Buisan 2.8% 1,869 1,783 0.90%
031406004 Camachilihan 3.8% 2,552 2,289 2.09%
031406005 Cambaog 9.3% 6,242 5,592 2.12%
031406006 Catacte 11.9% 7,990 2,367 26.07%
031406007 Liciada 7.5% 5,017 4,702 1.24%
031406008 Malamig 8.4% 5,633 5,313 1.12%
031406009 Malawak 4.2% 2,789 2,383 3.04%
031406010 Poblacion 10.7% 7,153 9,641 −5.52%
031406011 San Pedro 10.4% 6,994 6,506 1.39%
031406012 Talampas 5.0% 3,325 3,660 −1.81%
031406013 Tanawan 4.3% 2,862 2,946 −0.55%
031406014 Tibagan 9.3% 6,202 6,084 0.37%
Total 67,039 62,415 1.37%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Bustos
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,072—    
1918 6,855−0.21%
1939 8,692+1.14%
1948 10,493+2.11%
1960 13,412+2.07%
1970 19,254+3.68%
1975 22,622+3.29%
1980 25,739+2.61%
1990 34,965+3.11%
1995 41,372+3.20%
2000 47,091+2.81%
2007 60,681+3.56%
2010 62,415+1.03%
2015 67,039+1.37%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10][11]

In the 2015 census, the population of Bustos, Bulacan, was 67,039 people,[3] with a density of 960 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,500 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

Façade of Sto. Niño Parish

Bustos has two parishes under the administration of the Diocese of Malolos, Sto. Niño de Bustos Parish Church and San Isidro Labrador Parish Church.

Other christian religious groups, such as Iglesia Ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Jesus is Lord Church, Ang Dating Daan, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses and other Protestant groups can be found in the municipality.

People in Bustos celebrate a number of Catholic holidays throughout the year. The first church in Bustos has been dedicated to Santo Niño, the Holy Child Jesus, and there is a feast that is held in memory every third Sunday of January, where the townspeople celebrate it with music and dance while holding images of Santo Niño decorated with flowers and lights with parade of floats with images of the saint (locally known as Tugyaw).[12]

Culture[edit]

2016 Minasa Festival street dance demonstration at SM City Baliwag Event Center

Minasa Festival is the official festival of Bustos observed every January where street dances, dance showdowns, cooking contests, singing contests, running events, beauty pageants, live band concerts and other variety shows are commonly done. It features the cookie minasa, a locally-made delicacy as well as other items such as the dry-like wafer crispy barquillos. The festival was first celebrated in 2011 and since then, the activity is televised yearly.

Manok-Manok (Chicken) Festival in Brgy. San Pedro every June and Hito (Catfish) Festival in Brgy. Camachilihan every August are also observed.

Economy[edit]

Bustos Wet and Dry Public Market

Bustos is an agricultural town in majority. In fact, it is hailed as one of the largest rice producers of the country and the Central Luzon Region, the Rice Granary of the Philippines, and received the Rice Achiever Award as Outstanding Municipality in Region III and Hall of Fame award at Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers Award of 2014 conferred by the Department of Agriculture.[13]

The Bustos commercial center in the town proper is still expanding with the influx of more business investors willing to venture in this small but flourishing town. In the present, the town has its public and few small private markets, business shops, banks, convenience stores, restaurants, cafeterias, and grocery stores.

Minasa information poster

Bustos has their own trademark product, the finger food 'Minasa'.

Minasa refers to "cassava cookies", made from cassava flour, egg yolk, yeast, butter, and coco milk. It is somehow compared to Uraro, another local delicacy. It is one of the famous treats from the province of Bulacan which is traded in local and global market of Filipino pasalubong products. Way back Spanish colonization era here in the Philippines, these Minasa cookies were made of sago (arrowroot) starch and not cassava. The main ingredient was changed because of the long production time of sago starch and cassava starch is cheaper and easier to produce. Also, these were exclusively produced and eaten by the elite Bulakeños for they are the only ones who can afford the ingredients and had the equipment for the production of it. The word minasa in English is "molded". The process of preparing Minasa is like making and baking cookies. The only thing special about Minasa is its shape which is molded on specially-made wooden molders with intricate designs, commonly floral designs, and it is baked in a hurno or a brick stone oven which adds to the yumminess of the cookie. Minasa is said to be a part of history and culture of Bulacan because of those egg yolks that were left in building old stone houses that were made of egg whites. Currently, there are stalls all around Bustos selling this very delicious local delicacy making the municipality hailed as the "Home of Minasa".

The Rural Bank of Bustos under Producers Savings Bank Corporation

Bustos has a rural bank, the Rural Bank of Bustos, which is located at Gen. Alejo Santos Highway, Brgy. Bonga Menor, beside the Bustos by-pass road going to Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija. It has a branch in Brgy. Poblacion in front of Sto. Niño Hospital. The bank is currently under the management of Producers Savings Bank Corporation.

Other products, industries, & services:

  • Rice and other agricultural products
  • Poultry & swine raising and other dairy products
  • Bags and handicrafts making
  • Pastry making
  • Food processing and retail selling
  • Garments and embroidery
  • Metal-crafting
  • Furniture making
  • Fishpond raising
  • Recreational facilities and services
  • Resorts and hotels

Local government[edit]

The Old Bustos Municipal Hall painting, circa 1930

Bustos is a recipient of the 2017 Seal of Good Local Governance given by the Department of Interior and Local Government. Based on the 2019 Philippine general election, here are the following elected local officials of the Municipality of Bustos for the term 2019 - 2022.

2019-2022 Bustos Municipal Officials [14]
Position Name Party
Mayor Francis Albert "Iskul" G. Juan PDP-Laban
Vice Mayor Arnel F. Mendoza NUP
Councilors Juliet DJ. dela Cruz PDP-Laban
Jonalyn O. Santos NUP
Toni Flor "Tonet" H. De Guzman NUP
Rosette "Puset" N. Pangilinan NUP
John Erick "Tangkol" L. Perez NUP
Aljhaneal "Anel" E. Quiñones Independent
Melvin "Mel" H. Melencio NUP
Gemar Aldrich "Jetjet" M. Cruz NUP
Ex Officio Municipal Council Members
ABC President Martin SJ. Angeles (Liciada) Nonpartisan
SK Federation President Hetty de Leon (San Pedro) Nonpartisan

Transportation[edit]

Bustos By-Pass Road

North Luzon Expressway has a by-pass road that passes through the municipality of Bustos that shortens the transportation of goods and passengers from some areas in Bulacan going to Metro Manila and Nueva Ecija. The Bustos by-pass road passes through Gen. Alejo Santos Highway at Brgy. Bonga Menor, Bustos, Bulacan and travels to NLEx Balagtas Exit Toll Plaza leading to Balintawak Cloverleaf, Quezon City on the one side and San Rafael, Bulacan leading to Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija on the other side.

Education[edit]

Gate of Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus

There are eight secondary schools in Bustos, four of which are public while every barangay has its own public pre-elementary and elementary school.

Bulacan State University - Bustos Campus (BulSU-Bustos) is the largest satellite campus of the university. It was established in 1976 and it offers degrees in education, industrial technology, information technology, engineering, and business administration. [15]

Notable people[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

Valenzuela, Metro Manila,  Philippines [21]
Villaviciosa,  Asturias,  Spain [22]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Bulacan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ ""Commission on Audit 2017 Report-Bulacan"". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  5. ^ https://www.bulacan.gov.ph/bustos/history.php
  6. ^ http://centralluzon.politics.com.ph/mayor-mendoza-laments-beginnings-bustos/
  7. ^ https://www.bulacan.gov.ph/bustos/history.php
  8. ^ http://www.philippinestamps.net/RP2017-Bustos.htm
  9. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ Maricel Eballo, "Feast of Santo Niño in Bustos, Bulacan", Catholics & Cultures updated December 4, 2017
  13. ^ https://www.sunstar.com.ph/article/401391/Central-Luzon-bags-rice-achievers-awards
  14. ^ ""Municipal Officials-Bustos"". Provincial Government of Bulacan Official Website. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  15. ^ http://www.bulsu.edu.ph/academics/campuses.php
  16. ^ https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/199726-carlito-galvez-philippine-military-education
  17. ^ http://news.abs-cbn.com/focus/04/12/13/omega-12-behind-marcos-martial-law-us-envoy
  18. ^ http://conradomercado.com/biography.html
  19. ^ https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secretary_of_Public_Works_and_Highways[circular reference]
  20. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/nation/657360/ex-police-general-romeo-maganto-dies-at-70/story/?amp
  21. ^ . December 4, 2014 http://wingatchalian.com/news/bustos-eyes-more-innovative-programs-as-valenzuelas-sister-city/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ . May 5, 2017 https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=413394369023016&id=100010573681590. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]