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Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesNR2F2, ARP1, CHTD4, COUPTFB, COUPTFII, NF-E3, NR2F1, SVP40, TFCOUP2, COUP-TFII, nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group F member 2, COUPTF2, ARP-1
External IDsOMIM: 107773 MGI: 1352452 HomoloGene: 7628 GeneCards: NR2F2
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 15 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 15 (human)[1]
Chromosome 15 (human)
Genomic location for NR2F2
Genomic location for NR2F2
Band15q26.2Start96,325,938 bp[1]
End96,340,263 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NR2F2 209121 x at fs.png

PBB GE NR2F2 209120 at fs.png

PBB GE NR2F2 215073 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 15: 96.33 – 96.34 MbChr 7: 70.35 – 70.37 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

COUP-TFII (COUP transcription factor 2), also known as NR2F2 (nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NR2F2 gene.[5][6] The COUP acronym stands for chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter.


COUP-TFII plays a critical role in controlling the development of a number of tissues and organs including heart, blood vessels, muscles and limbs.[7][8]

The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) stimulates COUP-TFII-induced transactivation while COUP-TFII represses the GR transcriptional activity.[9][10] COUP-TFII interacts with GATA2 to inhibit adipocyte differentiation.[11]

Structure and ligands[edit]

The structure of COUP-TF2 LBD is known. Retinoic acid, although not at psysiological concentrations, activate this receptor.[12]


COUP-TFII has been shown to interact with:


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000185551 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000030551 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ "Entrez Gene: NR2F2 nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 2".
  6. ^ Qiu Y, Krishnan V, Zeng Z, Gilbert DJ, Copeland NG, Gibson L, Yang-Feng T, Jenkins NA, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (September 1995). "Isolation, characterization, and chromosomal localization of mouse and human COUP-TF I and II genes". Genomics. 29 (1): 240–6. doi:10.1006/geno.1995.1237. PMID 8530078.
  7. ^ Pereira FA, Qiu Y, Zhou G, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (April 1999). "The orphan nuclear receptor COUP-TFII is required for angiogenesis and heart development". Genes Dev. 13 (8): 1037–49. doi:10.1101/gad.13.8.1037. PMC 316637. PMID 10215630.
  8. ^ Lee CT, Li L, Takamoto N, Martin JF, Demayo FJ, Tsai MJ, Tsai SY (December 2004). "The Nuclear Orphan Receptor COUP-TFII Is Required for Limb and Skeletal Muscle Development". Mol. Cell. Biol. 24 (24): 10835–43. doi:10.1128/MCB.24.24.10835-10843.2004. PMC 533959. PMID 15572686.
  9. ^ De Martino MU, Bhattachryya N, Alesci S, Ichijo T, Chrousos GP, Kino T (April 2004). "The glucocorticoid receptor and the orphan nuclear receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II interact with and mutually affect each other's transcriptional activities: implications for intermediary metabolism". Mol. Endocrinol. 18 (4): 820–33. doi:10.1210/me.2003-0341. PMID 14739255.
  10. ^ De Martino MU, Alesci S, Chrousos GP, Kino T (June 2004). "Interaction of the glucocorticoid receptor and the chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII): implications for the actions of glucocorticoids on glucose, lipoprotein, and xenobiotic metabolism". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1024: 72–85. doi:10.1196/annals.1321.006. PMID 15265774.
  11. ^ Xu Z, Yu S, Hsu CH, Eguchi J, Rosen ED (February 2008). "The orphan nuclear receptor chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II is a critical regulator of adipogenesis". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105 (7): 2421–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.0707082105. PMC 2268152. PMID 18250317.
  12. ^ Kruse SW, Suino-Powell K, Zhou XE, Kretschman JE, Reynolds R, Vonrhein C, et al. (September 2008). "Identification of COUP-TFII orphan nuclear receptor as a retinoic acid-activated receptor". PLoS Biology. 6 (9): e227. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060227. PMID 18798693.
  13. ^ Smirnov DA, Hou S, Ricciardi RP (March 2000). "Association of histone deacetylase with COUP-TF in tumorigenic Ad12-transformed cells and its potential role in shut-off of MHC class I transcription". Virology. 268 (2): 319–28. doi:10.1006/viro.1999.0181. PMID 10704340.
  14. ^ Marcus SL, Winrow CJ, Capone JP, Rachubinski RA (November 1996). "A p56(lck) ligand serves as a coactivator of an orphan nuclear hormone receptor". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (44): 27197–200. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.44.27197. PMID 8910285.
  15. ^ Avram D, Ishmael JE, Nevrivy DJ, Peterson VJ, Lee SH, Dowell P, Leid M (May 1999). "Heterodimeric Interactions between Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter-Transcription Factor Family Members ARP1 and Ear2". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (20): 14331–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.20.14331. PMC 2823254. PMID 10318855.
  16. ^ Litchfield LM, Riggs KA, Hockenberry AM, Oliver LD, Barnhart KG, Cai J, Pierce WM, Ivanova MM, Bates PJ, Appana SN, Datta S, Kulesza P, McBryan J, Young LS, Klinge CM (May 2012). "Identification and characterization of nucleolin as a COUP-TFII coactivator of retinoic acid receptor β transcription in breast cancer cells". PLOS ONE. 7 (5): e38278. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038278. PMC 3365040. PMID 22693611.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]