Caecilii Metelli family tree

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The Caecilii Metelli were one of the most important families of the late Roman Republic. They rose to prominence in the beginning of the third century, with the consulship of Lucius Caecilius Metellus Denter in 284 BC. It was however Quintus Caecilius Metellus—consul in 143—who greatly improved the prestige of the family, notably thanks to his victory during the Fourth Macedonian War, for which he received the agnomen Macedonicus. His descendants and those of his younger brother Lucius received an astonishing number of magistracies during the last century of the Republic.

As the most powerful family in Roman politics, the Metelli distinguished themselves by their unwavering support of the Optimates, the conservative faction that opposed the social reforms advocated by the Populares. Their defeat during the Civil War against Julius Caesar abruptly ended their influence.

Stemma[edit]

The overall structure of the stemma is taken from the one drawn by Münzer in the Realencyclopädie, which has recently been reproduced by Karl-J. Hölkeskamp.[1][2] T. P. Wiseman made some important corrections in two articles on the descendants of Balearicus and the later Metelli, which have been included.[3]

The nomen Caecilius is omitted for all the men named Metellus. All dates are BC, except stated otherwise. Numbers in brackets indicates the order of marriages. Dotted lines show adoptions.

Legend
Orange
Dictator
Yellow
Censor
Green
Consul


C. Metellus
 
 
L. Metellus
Denter

cos. 284
 
 
L. Metellus
cos. 251, 247
dict. 224
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L. Metellus
tr. pl. 213
Q. Metellus
cos. 206
dict. 205
M. Metellus
pr. 206
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Q. Metellus
Macedonicus

cos. 143
cens. 131
L. Metellus
Calvus

cos. 142
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Q. Metellus
Balearicus

cos. 123
cens. 120
L. Metellus
Diadematus

cos. 117
cens. 115
M. Metellus
cos. 115
Metella
 
C. Servilius
Vatia

pr. 114
C. Metellus
Capriarus

cos. 113
cens. 102
P. Cornelius
Scipio
Nasica

cos. 111
 
MetellaQ. Metellus
Numidicus

cos. 109
cens. 102
L. Metellus
Delmaticus

cos. 119
Metella
 
L. Licinius
Lucullus
pr. 104
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Q. Metellus
Nepos

cos. 98
MetellaQ. Metellus
Celer
tr. pl. 90
Metella
 
Ap. Claudius
Pulcher

cos. 79
 
 
P. Cornelius
Scipio
Nasica
pr. 93
 
LiciniaLicinia
 
Q. Metellus
Pius

cos. 80
M. Aemilius
Scaurus

cos. 115
cens. 109
 
(1) Metella (2)
 
L. Cornelius
Sulla

cos. 88, 80
dict. 82–79
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Q. Metellus
Nepos

cos. 57
Q. Metellus
Celer

cos. 60
 
Clodia
Pulchra
P. Clodius
Pulcher
 
 
Q. Metellus
Creticus

cos. 69
 
 
C. Metellus
sen. 82
M. Licinius
Crassus

cos. 70, 55
cens. 65
 
 
Q. Metellus
Scipio Nasica

cos. 56
 
 
F. Cornelius
Sulla

q. 54
Cornelia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L. Cornelius
Lentulus
q. 44
 
MetellaM. Metellus
pr. 69
L. Metellus
cos. 68
Metella
 
M. Licinius
Crassus
qu. 54
P. Licinius
Crassus
qu. 55
 
(1) Cornelia (2)
Metella
 
Cn. Pompeius
(5) Magnus (2)
cos. 70, 55, 52
 
Aemilia
Scaura
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
M. Metellus
tr. pl. 49
L. Metellus
tr. pl. 55
 
 
Q. Metellus
procos. 6 AD
 
 
Q. Metellus
Creticus Silanus

cos. 7 AD
 
 
Junia
 
Nero
Julius
Caesar

q. 23 AD
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ PW, vol. 5, p. 1229.
  2. ^ Karl-J. Hölkeskamp in Smith & Sandberg (eds.), Omnium Annalium Monumenta, p. 430.
  3. ^ Wiseman, "Last of the Metelli" & "Celer and Nepos".

Bibliography[edit]