Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse was a group that was founded by Soviet dissident Viktor Fainberg in April 1975 and participated in the struggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union from 1975 to 1988.
The English branch was set up on 5 September 1975 as the British section of the Action Committee Against Abuses of Psychiatry for Political Purposes and composed of psychiatrists, other doctors, and laymen including David Markham, Max Gammon, William Shawcross, George Theiner, James Thackara, Tom Stoppard, Eric Avebury, Helen Bamber, and Vladimir Bukovsky.
The chair of the organization was British psychiatrist Henry Dicks. From the fall of 1976, its director was Viktor Fainberg. Committees similar to the Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse were later set up in France, Germany, and Switzerland.
Campaigns of the British section of the group included a rally against psychiatric abuse in July 1976 in Trafalgar Square and led to the release of Vladimir Borisov, Vladimir Bukovsky and Leonid Plyushch. The group issued correspondence, bulletins, and other documents which are deposited in the International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam. The group was so effective that by the early 1980s Soviet psychiatry had pariah status. Opposition in Britain including the Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse led the Royal College of Psychiatrists to establish the Special Committee on the Political Abuse of Psychiatry in 1978. The Campaign Against Psychiatric Abuse actually never said what its fallback position was, this must mean that the Campaign favoured confinement of the innocent in prisons instead of mental hospitals.
- Makeyeva 2013; Mosby 1977; Thorne (1977a, 1977b)
- Cook 2012, p. 203.
- McCleskey 1985, p. 31.
- Janner 1977.
- Ukrainian Weekly 1976.
- Lader 1977, p. 189; McKane 2001
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- McKane 2001.
- Rappaport 2001, p. 46.
- Boobbyer 2009, p. 465.
- Bloch & Reddaway 1977, p. 328.
- Sakharov Hearing 1977, p. 182; Harper 1977; Heinrichs 1977
- Bukovskiĭ 1987, p. 19.
- Belton 2012, p. 270.
- Luty 2014.
- Clare 1986.
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- Thorne, Ludmilla. Inside Russia's mental prisons. Lakeland Ledger. 18 January 1977a:56.
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