Canal Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line)

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 Canal Street
 "A" train"C" train"E" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Canal Street - 8th Avenue Platform.jpg
Downtown station platform
Station statistics
AddressCanal Street & Sixth Avenue
New York, NY 10013
BoroughManhattan
LocaleTribeca, SoHo
Coordinates40°43′19″N 74°00′19″W / 40.72186°N 74.005365°W / 40.72186; -74.005365Coordinates: 40°43′19″N 74°00′19″W / 40.72186°N 74.005365°W / 40.72186; -74.005365
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M55, X27, X28
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks4
Other information
OpenedSeptember 10, 1932; 86 years ago (1932-09-10).[1]
Station code169[2]
AccessibilityCross-platform wheelchair transfer available
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other namesCanal Street–Holland Tunnel
Traffic
Passengers (2017)5,932,386[4]Increase 3.1%
Rank75 out of 425
Station succession
Next northWest Fourth Street–Washington Square (express): A all except late nights
Spring Street (local): A late nightsC all except late nightsE all times
Next southChambers Street (to Brooklyn): A all timesC all except late nights
World Trade Center (WTC branch): E all times

Canal Street (formerly Canal Street–Holland Tunnel) is an express station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Canal Street, Vestry Street, and Sixth Avenue (Avenue of the Americas) in Lower Manhattan, it is served by the A and E trains at all times, and the C train at all times except late nights.

History[edit]

This station opened on September 10, 1932 as part of the opening of the first city-owned subway line, the IND Eighth Avenue Line. On this date, the line opened from Chambers Street north to 207th Street. Construction of the whole line cost $191,200,000. Service at this station was provided with express service from its onset.[1]

On February 17, 1953, the New York City Board of Transportation installed two devices at either end of the station to alert police of passers-by above of emergencies in the station. The devices, which cost $1,100, were called "Call-a-Cop." In the station agent booth, an agent could set off an alarm bell and turn on a red warning light aboveground at Canal and Walker Streets on Sixth Avenue by lightly pushing on a treadle. The warning lights were placed atop eight-feet tall metal poles located at subway entrances. This device would have been installed at other stations if the pilot here was successful.[5]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
to WTC
Exit-only turnstile from the southbound platform
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platforms
Northbound local "E" train toward Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer (Spring Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Northbound express "A" train toward 207th Street (West Fourth Street–Washington Square all except nights, Spring Street late nights)
"C" train toward 168th Street (Spring Street)
Southbound express "A" train toward Far Rockaway or Lefferts Boulevard (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush hours) (Chambers Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local "C" train toward Euclid Avenue ("A" train toward Far Rockaway late nights) (Chambers Street)
"E" train toward World Trade Center (Terminus)

This station has four tracks and two island platforms, which are each approximately 660 feet (200 m) long. There are two diamond crossovers allowing express trains to cross to the local track or local trains to cross to the express track. One is located to the south of the station for downtown (southbound) trains and the other is located to the north of the station for uptown (northbound) trains; this can be a bottleneck for trains in either direction. The platforms are offset, and a signal tower is located at the south end of the southbound platform.[6]

This underground station is located on the street of the same name, which is the boundary of SoHo and Tribeca. Lying within a block of three different pocket parks (St. John's Park, Duane Park, and Cavala Park), the station sits one block from the entrance to the Holland Tunnel outside of the Tribeca North Historic District.[7] Much of the surrounding area is characterized by its historic loft architecture.

Track layout[edit]

A section of the platform wall showing three layers of tile, including the original IND tilework.

South of this station, the tracks split into two levels and cross at a flying junction.[6] These were intended to allow for the construction of a future junction with a proposed line under Worth Street as part of the IND Second System. The proposed route would have run under Worth Street and East Broadway, and crossed the East River to Brooklyn. The bellmouths for this proposed route are visible from the E train headed towards and coming from the World Trade Center station. On the tunnel wall where the turnout is, there is an arrow painted with the words reading: "Worth St." written next to it.[8]

Exits[edit]

Laight Street stairs

The station contains five open exits. Only one exit is located at the station's namesake–Canal Street–at the northeast corner of Sixth Avenue and Canal Street. The other exit leading from the northern section of the station leads to the south side of Laight Street, between Sixth Avenue and St. Johns Lane. At the center of the station there are exits to the northwest and northeast corners of Sixth Avenue and West Broadway. At the southern end of the station there are two exits. One exit leads to the northeast corner of Walker Street and Sixth Avenue, while the other leads to the AT&T Building.[9][10]

The station also has three closed exits. One exit, located at the southern end of the station, led to the southeast corner of Walker Street and West Broadway.[11] The other two are located in a passageway that extends further north than the current northernmost open exit; one led to the southeast corner of Grand Street and Sixth Avenue.[12] The passageway currently houses employee facilities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Crowell, Paul (September 10, 1932). "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains In The New Subway: Throngs at Station an Hour Before Time, Rush Turnstiles When Chains are Dropped" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "CALL-A-COP' SHOWN; Device in IND Subway Station Alerts Police in Street". The New York Times. February 18, 1953. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Tribeca North Historic District" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 6, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8NAOtBXKhA A bellmouth is visible to the left, at the 4:12 mark into this video, just before the train enters the World Trade Center station.
  9. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: SoHo / Tribeca" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  10. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (May 24, 2010). "The pillars on the sides of the staircase to the AT&T Building". subwaynut.com. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  11. ^ http://indsecondsystem.weebly.com/canal-st-6th-ave.html
  12. ^ Sims, Calvin (March 29, 1991). "15 More Areas In Subways To Be Closed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 31, 2019.

External links[edit]