Cannabis in the Republic of the Congo

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Cannabis in the Republic of the Congo is illegal. Cannabis is known locally as mbanga.[1]


As early as 1959, the year prior to independence from France, cannabis was noted growing throughout Congo, particularly in Pool Prefecture.[2] The market appeared to have increased in that period, leasing farmers to grow cannabis in cassava plots.[3]

During the conflicts of the 1990s, Congolese militias would take control of cannabis plantations in new areas, and encourage their soldiers to abuse the drug to enhance bravery.[4]


  1. ^ Omer Massoumou; Ambroise Queffélec (2007). Le français en République du Congo: sous l'ère pluripartiste (1991-2006). Archives contemporaines. pp. 289–. ISBN 978-2-914610-42-1.
  2. ^ United Nations. Commission on Narcotic Drugs (1959). Summary of Annual Reports of Governments Relating to Opium and Other Narcotic Drugs.
  3. ^ Ch. Didier Gondola (10 April 2016). Tropical Cowboys: Westerns, Violence, and Masculinity in Kinshasa. Indiana University Press. pp. 223–. ISBN 978-0-253-02080-2.
  4. ^ Guy Arnold (13 May 2013). The International Drugs Trade. Routledge. pp. 183–. ISBN 978-1-135-45515-6.

Further reading[edit]