Castana, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Castana, Iowa
Castana, IA.jpg
Location of Castana, Iowa
Location of Castana, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833Coordinates: 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyMonona
Area
 • Total0.93 sq mi (2.41 km2)
 • Land0.93 sq mi (2.41 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,148 ft (350 m)
Population
 • Total147
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
136
 • Density158/sq mi (61.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
51010
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-11530
GNIS feature ID0455207
WebsiteCity website

Castana is a city in Monona County, Iowa, United States. The population was 147 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

A post office has been in operation at Castana since 1865.[4] Castana was platted in 1886 by the railroad.[5] The name Castana was selected by an early settler who believed it to be a Latin word meaning "chestnuts".[6]

Geography[edit]

Aerial photograph of Castana, Iowa, 2012

Castana is located at 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.07250°N 95.90833°W / 42.07250; -95.90833 (42.072518, -95.908266).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.93 square miles (2.41 km2), all of it land.[1] The city is a distance of 10 miles (16 km) from Onawa[8] and 39 miles (63 km) from Sioux City.[9]

Academic research[edit]

The Western Iowa Experimental farm, a part of Iowa State University, is located just outside Castana. Here research is carried out in beef cattle, swine, forage and the effects of fertiliser on soya beans and corn.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1900355—    
1910364+2.5%
1920389+6.9%
1930334−14.1%
1940336+0.6%
1950265−21.1%
1960230−13.2%
1970211−8.3%
1980228+8.1%
1990159−30.3%
2000178+11.9%
2010147−17.4%
2016136−7.5%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 147 people, 68 households, and 37 families residing in the city. The population density was 158.1 inhabitants per square mile (61.0/km2). There were 78 housing units at an average density of 83.9 per square mile (32.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 68 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.6% were non-families. 42.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.89.

The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.7% were from 25 to 44; 33.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.7% male and 46.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 178 people, 77 households, and 47 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.2 people per square mile (73.9/km²). There were 84 housing units at an average density of 90.7 per square mile (34.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 1.12% Native American and 0.56% Pacific Islander.

There were 77 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $24,000 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,327. About 20.4% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 13.3% of those sixty five or over.

Education[edit]

Castana is within the Maple Valley Anthon-Oto Community School District.[13]

The community was originally a part of the Castana Consolidated Independent School District.[14] The lower level of a building constructed in 1888 was the first classroom area. In 1897 a permanent $12,000, three story Castana Normal School building opened. An addition was completed in Summer 1911.[15] The school district acquired a teacher's residence hall in 1920; that building also housed classes for several grades.[14]

In 1935 and 1936 the Castana Consolidated School, the final school building in Castana, was built by the Sioux City company Beuttler & Arnold, funded by a $36,818 Public Works Administration grant and a $45,000 bond. It opened for classes on September 7, 1936. In November of that year the school district sold the previous school to the city government for $1,000, and the building was razed. The 1935-1936 school was renamed the Castana Community School in 1954.[16]

The district began sending high school students to the Maple Valley Community School District in Mapleton and to Onawa in fall 1962. Castana joined the Maple Valley district along with Danbury in 1968.[17] The merged district did not use the teacher's residence and sold it in 1970.[14] On July 1, 2012 the Maple Valley district consolidated with the Anthon-Oto Community School District to form the new Maple Valley Anthon-Oto district.[18]

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Monona County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  5. ^ The Early Years, Old Castana Archived 2010-03-25 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 24 March 2010
  6. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 52.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ indo.com (2009). "How Far is It? Distance Server: As the Crow Flies". Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  9. ^ indo.com (2009). "How Far is It? Distance Server: As the Crow Flies". Retrieved 2010-05-09.
  10. ^ Western Research and Demonstration Farm Archived 2010-06-08 at the Wayback Machine accessed 24 March 2010
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "Maple Valley Anthon-Oto." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on July 16, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Dormitory 1888-1897." Maple Valley Community School District. March 5, 2001. Retrieved on July 16, 2018.
  15. ^ "Castana Normal School 1897-1935." Maple Valley Community School District. April 25, 2001. Retrieved on July 16, 2018.
  16. ^ "Castana Consolidated School 1935-1962." Maple Valley Community School District. April 25, 2001. Retrieved on July 16, 2018.
  17. ^ "CASTANA JOINS MAPLE VALLEY COMMUNITY SCHOOL 1962-PRESENT." Maple Valley Community School District. March 5, 2001. Retrieved on July 16, 2018.
  18. ^ "REORGANIZATION & DISSOLUTION ACTIONS SINCE 1965-66." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on July 20, 2018.
  19. ^ United States Air Force. "Biographies: CHIEF MASTER SERGEANT OF THE AIR FORCE RICHARD D. KISLING". Archived from the original on 2010-04-13. Retrieved 2010-05-09.

External links[edit]