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Cementoma is an odontogenic tumor of cementum. It is usually observed as a benign spherical mass of hard tissue fused to the root of a tooth. It is found most commonly in the mandible in the region of the lower molar teeth, occurring between the ages of 8 to 30 in both sexes with equal frequency . It causes distortion of surrounding areas but is usually a painless growth, at least initially. Considerable thickening of the cementum can often be observed. A periapical form is also recognized. Cementoma is not exclusive to the mandible as it can infrequently occur in other parts of the body such as the long bones.
Four types of cementomas are described :
- Benign cementoblastoma
- Periapical cemental dysplasia
- Multiple apical cementomas
- Gigantiform cementoma
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