Chadian Air Force
|Chadian Air Force|
Escadrille Nationale Tchadienne
Chadian Air Force roundel
|Active||1961 - present|
|Helicopter||Mil Mi-24, Mil Mi-8/-17|
The Chadian Air Force, in French Force Aérienne Tchadienne, was formed in 1961 as the Escadrille Nationale Tchadienne (Chadian National Flight/Squadron), and was given its current name in 1973. It continues to be part of the Chadian Army.
In the 1960s the Chadian Air Force consisted of one hundred men, one DC-3 cargo aircraft, three light observation aircraft, and two helicopters.
In 1973, when its strength was increased to 200 men, the air force possessed three C-47 medium transport aircraft (increased to 13 in the mid-1970s), three light transport planes, and one helicopter, all serviced at the local French air base in N'Djamena. Nearly all of the pilots at the time were French. C-47 tail numbers included 100509, 10307 and 10409.
In 1976, the Air Force obtained 7 Douglas AD Skyraiders from France, which were used in anti-guerrilla campaigns in the north until 1987 when they were deemed inoperable. (Tail numbers included Skyraider 126959). Skyraiders first saw service in Chad with the Armée de l'Air, and later with the nominally independent Chadian Air Force, staffed by French mercenaries.
Successful action in air combats (1980 - 1990)
During the 1983 conflict with Libya, the Chad Air Force reported destroying eight Libyan Aermacchi SF-260s. Three were captured and served from 1987. One crashed in 1989 and another was sold to the US. Chad also acquired 24 Stinger shoulder-launched SAMs in late 1987.
According to several news reports, the Chad Air Force was heavily involved in beating back a rebel invasion from neighboring Sudan in 2009. Sudanese officials also claimed that Chad aircraft made several cross-border raids into Sudan during the conflict. However, media reports are unclear as to exactly what types of aircraft were used by Chad to fend off the rebels and to conduct the cross-border strikes. As of 1987, the Air Force was commanded by Lt. Mornadji Mbaissanabe.
Incidents & Media
The Aviation Safety Network listed four incidents between 1976 and 1987, one involving a Douglas DC-3, a Douglas DC-4 that was shot down by a Surface-to-air missile and the remaining two with the C-130 Hercules transports, one crashing during a routine takeoff, the other during a landing.
In 2004, while transporting journalists and UN officials to a tarmac meeting with Kofi Annan, one of the Chadian helicopters malfunctioned and made a rough landing in the desert. Chad lost at least one helicopter during the Battle of Adre, on December 18, 2005.
Alleged human rights violations
Several aircraft and helicopters were damaged in a storm on 1 July 2017 that struck the air force's main base at N'Djamena International Airport. The severity of the storm was amplified by the use of fabric hangar coverings. Losses or damaged equipment included three helicopters, a PC-12, a MiG-29 fighter, and two Su-25 attack planes.
|MiG-29||Russia||multirole||1||2 on order |
|C-27J Spartan||Italy||utility transport||2|
|C-130 Hercules||United States||transport||C-130H||1|
|Cessna 208 Caravan||United States||transport / ISR||2|
|Alouette III||France||light utility||2|
|Eurocopter AS550||France||light utility||6|
|Pilatus PC-9||Switzerland||advanced trainer||1|
|SIAI-Marchetti SF.260||Italy||basic trainer||1|
Operational aircraft of the force may be far less than official figures represent. According to a report in Le Figaro in April, 2006, the Chad Air Force consisted only of two Lockheed C-130 Hercules transports, one working Mil Mi-17 Hip-H helicopter, and two non-working Mil Mi-24 "Hind" helicopters. Later C-130 TT-PAF was lost in a landing accident at Abéché, Chad, on 11 June 2006.
- Francillon 1979, pp. 403–404.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2005-12-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) After its repair, it transported US Marines into Niger. 
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-09-01. Retrieved 2005-12-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Chad's Air Force badly damaged by storm | defenceWeb". www.defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "635th MMS Assists Chadian Air Force to overcome windstorm damage to ai". U.S. Air Forces in Europe & Air Forces Africa. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "Chadian aircraft suffer severe storm damage". Jane's 360. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "A Storm out of the Norm in Chad". Offiziere.ch. 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "World Air Forces 2017". Flightglobal Insight. 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
- de Cherisey, Erwan (5 February 2018). "Cameroon, Chad take delivery of Cessna ISR aircraft". IHS Jane's 360. Paris. Archived from the original on 6 February 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
- Le Figaro – Actualité en direct et informations en continu
- Aircraft Safety Network
- World aircraft information files Bright Star Publishing London File 337 Sheet 4
- Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4.
- Francillon, René J. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920. London: Putnam, 1979. ISBN 0-370-00050-1.