Chairman of the State Affairs Commission

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Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회 위원장
Emblem of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of North Korea.svg
Emblem of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Flag of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of North Korea.svg
Flag of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png
Incumbent
Kim Jong-un

since 30 June 2016
StyleVarious titles
(Within the DPRK)
His Excellency
(International correspondence)
ResidenceRyongsong Residence
AppointerSupreme People's Assembly
Term lengthFive years
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
PrecursorChairman of the National Defence Commission
Inaugural holderKim Jong-un
Formation29 June 2016
Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Chosŏn'gŭl
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회 위원장
Hancha
Revised RomanizationJoseon minjujuui inmin( )gonghwaguk gukmu wiwonhoe wiwonjang
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn minjujuŭi inmin'gonghwaguk kukmu wiwŏnhoe wiwŏnjang
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea
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The Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회 위원장) is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.[1] The chairman directs the State Affairs Commission, which is the supreme leadership institution in North Korea. The chairman is also the head of the party as the Chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea.

History[edit]

The office originated from the position of Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Central People's Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean조선민주주의인민공화국 중앙인민위원회 국방위원회 위원장) that was created on 28 December 1972 along with the National Defence Commission, which at that time was a commission subordinate to the Central People's Committee. The President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, which at the time was Kim Il-sung was the ex officio Chairman of the National Defence Commission, as well as the Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, and served in the position from 28 December 1972 until 9 April 1993.

An amendment to the 1972 constitution was approved on 22 May 1992 that no longer made the President the ex officio chairman of the National Defence Commission and also the supreme commander of the Korean People's Army. The same amendment also made the National Defence Commission a separate institution from the Central People's Committee in order to become the highest military leadership organ in the country. This amendment allowed for Kim Jong-il to be elected as Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회 위원장) on 9 April 1993 following his appointment as supreme commander of the Korean People's Army on 24 December 1991.

Following Kim Il-sung's death on 8 July 1994, another amendment to the 1972 constitution was approved on 5 September 1998 that made the National Defense Commission into the highest military leadership and management institution, which effectively made it the highest decision-making body in North Korea. The amendment also abolished the position of President after enshrining Kim Il-sung as the country's eternal President. The amendment stipulated that the chairman of the National Defense Commission commands the entire armed forces and guides national defense. It effectively made the chairman of the National Defense Commission as the most powerful official in the country despite the amendment not stating it as such.

Another amendment to the 1972 constitution that was approved on 9 April 2009 that stated that the chairman of the National Defense Commission is the "supreme leader" of the country. The amendment also specified the powers of the chairman of National Defence Commission, such as guiding overall state affairs, appointing or dismissing national defense sector cadres, ratifying or abrogating treaties, granting of pardon, and declaring state of emergency or state of war, which were previously powers given to the National Defense Commission as a whole.

Kim Jong-il served as the chairman of the National Defence Commission from 9 April 1993 until his death on 17 December 2011. His death led to another amendment to the 1972 constitution being approved on 13 April 2012 that enshrined Kim Jong-il as the eternal Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean조선민주주의인민공화국 영원한 국방위원회 위원장), and allowed his son Kim Jong-un to succeed him as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Korean조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회 제1위원장).

Kim Jong-un served as first chairman of the National Defence Commission from 13 April 2012 until 30 June 2016, when an amendment to the 1972 constitution was approved that created the State Affairs Commission that replaced the National Defence Commission as the highest decision-making body in the country. This same amendment also created the present office of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission to which Kim Jong-un was elected.

Powers and responsibilities[edit]

According to the Article 103 of the constitution as amended, the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission has the following duties and authority to:

  1. direct the overall affairs of the State
  2. personally guide the work of the SAC
  3. appoint or remove key cadres of the State
  4. ratify or rescind major treaties concluded with other countries
  5. appoint or recall diplomatic representatives to the Republic
  6. exercise the right of granting special pardon
  7. proclaim a state of emergency, a state of war and mobilization order within the country
  8. organize and direct the National Defence Committee in wartime
  9. promulgate major laws and ordinances passed by the Supreme People's Assembly and decisions and decrees of the SAC

Amendments to the constitution made at the second plenary session of the 14th Supreme People's Assembly on 29 August 2019 also stipulated that the Chairman is appointed and relieved from his office by a majority vote in an SPA plenary session, and cannot stand for election and serve as an elected deputy to the Assembly.

List of position holders[edit]

Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Central People's Committee of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 중앙인민위원회 국방위원회 위원장
Chairman Political party Term Election
Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg Kim Il-sung
김일성
1912–1994
Kim Il Sung Signature.svg
Workers' Party of Korea 28 December 1972 16 December 1977 5th SPA
16 December 1977 6 April 1982 6th SPA
6 April 1982 29 December 1986 7th SPA
29 December 1986 24 May 1990 8th SPA
24 May 1990 22 May 1992 9th SPA
Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회 위원장
Chairman Political party Term Election
Kim Il Sung Portrait-2.jpg Kim Il-sung
김일성
1912–1994
Kim Il Sung Signature.svg
Workers' Party of Korea 22 May 1992 9 April 1993 9th SPA
Kim Jong il Portrait.jpg Kim Jong-il
김정일
1941–2011
Kim Jong-il Signature.svg
Workers' Party of Korea 9 April 1993 5 September 1998
5 September 1998 3 September 2003 10th SPA
3 September 2003 9 April 2009 11th SPA
9 April 2009 17 December 2011 12th SPA
Vacant
(17 December 2011–13 April 2012)
First Chairman of the National Defence Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국방위원회 제1위원장
First Chairman Political party Term Election
Kim Jong-un IKS 2018.jpg Kim Jong-un
김정은
born 1983
Kim Jong-un Signature.svg
Workers' Party of Korea 13 April 2012 9 April 2014 12th SPA
9 April 2014 29 June 2016 13th SPA
Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회 위원장
Chairman Political party Term Election
Kim Jong-un IKS 2018.jpg Kim Jong-un
김정은
born 1983
Kim Jong-un Signature.svg
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 13th SPA
11 April 2019 Present 14th SPA

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chairman of the State Affairs Commission". Naenara. Retrieved 3 August 2019.

See also[edit]