Challenge of the Quran
The challenge of the Quran or Tahaddi (Arabic: التحدي في القرآن, translit. al-tahaddi fi al-Quran), in Islamic theology, refers to a challenge proposed in the Quran. It requests non-Muslims among both humans and jinn (the spirits/demons) to produce either a chapter or multiple chapters like those within the holy book, with the aim of proving the Quran's superiority over any work. The Quran says that this is impossible to achieve.
Versions of the challenge
Non-Muslims are challenged to produce a "statement" or speech similar to the Quran one verse, and challenged to produce either one or ten similar chapters in others. Another verse states that neither humans nor jinn could create a book like it, even if they were working together.
While the Quran itself does not explain what parameters people are meant to judge works attempting to meet the challenge by, Islamic scholars state that the challenge can never be fulfilled by any metric, as no one can compete with the wisdom of God. This view holds that the Quran is the most perfect book to ever exist. Muslims believe that this challenge was unable to be fulfilled in the era of Muhammad, and will remain unfulfilled until the end times. Some scholars attribute this to divine intervention, stating that God will prevent all those who attempt it from achieving their goal.
A number of people, both atheists and members of other religions, have nonetheless attempted to fulfill the challenge. Some individuals claim that their own holy books or secular works already meet or exceed the challenge, while others have created their own works to meet it. The True Furqan, a Christian work written in the style of Quranic Arabic, is one such attempt.
- Quran 2:23–24 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
- Quran 52:34 (Yusuf Ali)
- Quran 2:23 (Yusuf Ali)
- Quran 10:38 (Yusuf Ali)
- Quran 11:13 (Yusuf Ali)
- Quran 17:88 (Yusuf Ali)
- Soltani biyrami, Ismail (2012). "Secret of the kinds of challenging in Quran" (PDF). Quran knowledge (Quran shinakht). 5: 85.
- "Quran Tafsir Ibn Kathir". Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Julie, Paul; Scott Meisami, Starkey (1998). Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature (1 ed.). Routledge. pp. 654, 876. ISBN 978-0415571135.
- Unal, Ali (2008). The Qur'an with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English. Tughra Books. p. 1278. ISBN 978-1597841443.
- Ghazizade, Kadhim (1995). "outlook on Sarrafah (rejection)". beneficial letter. 3.[permanent dead link]
- Morris Wherry, Elwood; Sale, George (1885). A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran: Comprising Sale's Translation and Preliminary Discourse. p. 298.
- al-Mahdy (1999). The True Furqan.