Charge Composition Explorer
Charge Composition Explorer (Explorer 65).
|Mission type||Magnetospheric research|
|Launch mass||242 kg (534 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||16 August 1984, 14:48UTC|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral LC-17A|
|End of mission|
|Last contact||July 18, 1989|
|Semi-major axis||31,768.0 km (19,739.7 mi)|
|Perigee altitude||993.5 km (617.3 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||49,802.1 km (30,945.6 mi)|
Charge Composition Explorer, also called as CCE, AMPT/CCE, Explorer 65 or AMPTE 1, was a NASA satellite designed and tasked to study Earth's magnetosphere, being launched as part of the Explorers program. CCE was launched with the two other satellites of the AMPTE mission on August 16, 1984 from a Cape Canaveral launch pad by a Delta 3924 rocket. It was placed in an equatorial orbit of 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) × 50,000 kilometres (31,000 mi) with an inclination of 4.8 degrees. CCE is one of the components of the international space mission AMPTE, which also includes MRI, designed by West Germany, and UKS, provided by the United Kingdom.
Charge Composition Explorer was instrumented to detect those lithium and barium tracer ions from the IRM released that were transported into the magnetosphere within the CCE orbit. The spacecraft was spin-stabilized at 10 rpm, with its spin axis in the equatorial plane, and offset from the earth-sun line by about 20 degrees. It could adjust attitude with both magnetic torqueing and cold gas thrusters.
The satellite carries 5 scientific instruments that are used to measure the composition of the particles in the magnetosphere throughout their energy spectrum and the changes that affect them with the objective of determining the main processes governing their excitation, their displacement and their disappearance. CCE must also detect the lithium and barium ions released by the MRI satellite and transported in the magnetosphere:
- THPCE (Hot Plasma Composition Experiment): mass spectrometer designed to measure ions whose energy is less than 17 keV per electric charge. It includes an instrument to measure electrons with energy between 50 eV and 25 keV by breaking them into 8 energy bands.
- MEPA (Medium Energy Particle Analyzer): measures the spectrum and energy of the magnetosphere particles whose energy per nucleon ranges from 10 keV (for oxygen) to 6 MeV.
- CHEM (Charge-Energy-Mass Spectrometer): Mass spectrometer measures the mass, the charge and the energy spectrum and the incidence of the main ions whose atomic mass goes from hydrogen to iron and whose energy is between 0.3 keV and 300 keV.
- PWE (Plasma Wave Experiment): measures plasma waves on 5 frequencies.
- MAG (magnetometer): fluxgate magnetometer mounted at the end of a 2 metres (6.6 ft) rod.
Result of the mission
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- "APT-CCE: Medium-Energy Particle Analyzer (MEPA)". APL Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "APT-CCE: Charge-Energy-Mass (CHEM) Spectrometer". APL Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "APT-CCE: Plasma Wave Experiment (PWE)". APL Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "APT-CCE : Magnetometer (MAG)". APL Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
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