Case was born in Austinburg, Ohio; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Fort Wayne, Indiana.; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Samuel Brenton; reelected to the Thirty-sixth United States Congress and served from December 7, 1857, to March 3, 1861; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh United States Congress; during the Civil War served as first lieutenant and adjutant of the Forty-fourth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry; subsequently became a major in the Third Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Cavalry, and served from November 26, 1861, - August 15, 1862; resumed the practice of his profession in Washington, D.C.; died in Brighton, Washington County, Iowa; interment in the Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
- United States Congress. "Charles Case (id: C000219)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Peggy Seigel, "Charles Case: A Radical Republican in the Irrepressible Conflict," Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 107, no. 4 (Dec. 2011), pp. 327–360. In JSTOR
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 10th congressional district
1857 – 1861