Charles H. Sherrill (ambassador)
Early life and career
His parents were New York lobbyist and state politician Charles H. Sherrill and Sarah Fulton (Wynkoop) Sherrill. He studied at Yale University, was called to the New York State Bar and became a New York City lawyer.
He was appointed as US Minister to Argentina from 1909 to 1910 and served an important role in securing the contracts for two Rivadavia-class battleships during the South American dreadnought race, and US Ambassador to Turkey from 1932 to 1933.
Support for dictators
Shortly after retiring from public office Sherrill proclaimed his admiration for Europe's strong men and predicted the end of parliamentary form of government, which he dubbed "inept" and referred to as "so-called democracy." In a long letter to the editors of The New York Times, published on June 4, 1933, he singled out Benito Mussolini, the fascist dictator of Italy, for praise and spoke of the "amazing betterment" of life accomplished by his régime. He wrote of Adolf Hitler, the new leader of Germany, "Whether one admires [him] or not, at least he is a leader who leads." Soon enough, he wrote, "people the world over... will follow courageous leaders."
In 1935, during the preparations for the 1936 Olympic Games, Sherrill met twice with Hitler. A modern historian wrote that Sherrill was "mesmerized by the force of Hitler's personality and charisma." In his one-hour talk with Hitler, Sherrill insisted for at least one token Jew to be included in the German team for the Olympic Winter and another for the Olympic Summer Games. Hitler refused and when he was threatened by Sherrill with an American boycott, promised purely German Olympic Games. Sherrill sent the information to the IOC president, Henri de Baillet-Latour, who did not insist on Jewish participation on the German teams. After the Nuremberg Racial Laws, only Half-Jews, with no more than two of the four grandparents being racially Jewish, were still permitted to represent Germany. With Theodor Lewald as President of the Organizing Committee for the Summer Games, Rudi Ball (hockey, Winter Games) and Helene Mayer (Fencing, Summer Games), three Half Jews calmed world public opinion.
Sherrill was a successful athlete during his studies at Yale University and won inter-collegiate 100-yard dash titles four times in a row and 220 yards three times. In 1888, he used crouch start for the first time in track and field sprints. From 1922 to his death, he was an important member of the International Olympic Committee and played vital role in organizing the 1932 Summer Olympics, in Los Angeles, and calming American public opinion on the 1936 Summer Olympics, in Berlin.
He wrote twenty-two books, especially on stained glass windows in European churches and European and world politics.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-09-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Livermore, Seward W. "Battleship Diplomacy in South America: 1905–1925." The Journal of Modern History 16: no. 1 (1944), 31–44. JSTOR 1870986. ISSN 0022-2801. OCLC 62219150.
- Sayuri GUTHRIE-SHIMIZU, Architects of a Masquerade Peace: The United States and the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games, "The Japanese Journal of American Studies," No. 20 (2009), pp. 67-87
- Arnd Krüger and William Murray (eds.): The Nazi Olympics. Sport, Politics and Appeasement in the 1930s. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2003, ISBN 0-252-02815-5
- "Olympic Committee Elects Sherrill," The New York Times, 7 June 1922, 27.
- Arnd Krüger: The Nazi Olympics of 1936, in: Kevin Young & Kevin B. Wamsley (eds.): Global Olympics. Historical and Sociological Studies of the Modern Games. Oxford: Elsevier 2005, 43–58. ISBN 0-7623-1181-9.
- Works by Charles H. Sherrill at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Charles H. Sherrill at Internet Archive
| United States Ambassador to Turkey
Robert Peet Skinner