Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot
The Lord Talbot
Lord Talbot, by John Vanderbank
|Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain|
29 November 1733 – 14 February 1737
|Preceded by||The Lord King|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Hardwicke|
|Died||14 February 1737|
Lincoln's Inn Fields
|Alma mater||Oriel College, Oxford|
Talbot was the eldest son of William Talbot, Bishop of Durham, a descendant of the 1st Earl of Shrewsbury. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford, and became a fellow of All Souls College in 1704. He was called to the bar in 1711, and in 1717 was appointed solicitor general to the prince of Wales. Having been elected a member of the House of Commons in 1720, he became Solicitor General in 1726, and in 1733 he was made Lord Chancellor and raised to the peerage with the title of Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan.
Talbot proved himself a capable equity judge during the three years of his occupancy of the Woolsack. Among his contemporaries he enjoyed the reputation of a wit; he was a patron of the poet James Thomson, who in The Seasons commemorated a son of his to whom he acted as tutor; Joseph Butler dedicated his famous Analogy to Talbot, as was Upton's edition of Epictetus. The title he assumed derived from the Hensol estate in Pendoylan, Glamorgan, which came to him through his wife.
Talbot is remembered as one of the authors of the Yorke–Talbot slavery opinion, as a crown law officer in 1729. The opinion was sought to determinate the legality of slavery: Talbot and Philip Yorke opined that it was legal. The opinion was relied upon widely before the decision of Lord Mansfield in Somersett's Case.
Talbot married, in the summer of 1708, Cecil Mathew (died 1720), daughter of Charles Mathew of Castell y Mynach, Glamorganshire, and granddaughter and heiress of David Jenkins of Hensol. There he built a mansion in the Tudor style, known as the Castle. They had five sons, of whom three survived him. He was succeeded in the title by his second son, William (1710–1782).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Talbot of Hensol, Charles Talbot, 1st Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). . Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Macnair, M. "Talbot, Charles, first Baron Talbot of Hensol (bap. 1685, d. 1737)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26923.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Lord Campbell, Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal (8 vols. London, 1845–69)
- Edward Foss, The Judges of England (9 vols. London, 1848–64)
- Lord Hervey, Memoirs of the Reign of George II ( 2 vols. London. 1848)
- G. E. Cokayne, Complete Peerage, vol. vii. (London, 1896)
|Parliament of Great Britain|
Sir Edmund Prideaux
| Member of Parliament for Tregony
With: James Craggs to 1720
Daniel Pulteney 1720 – March 1721
John Merrill from March 1721
| Member of Parliament for City of Durham
With: Thomas Conyers to 1727
Robert Shafto 1727–1730
John Shafto from 1730
| Solicitor General for England and Wales
The Lord King
| Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
The Lord Hardwicke
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New constituency|| Baron Talbot