Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore

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Charlotte Lee
Lady Baltimore
Born13 March 1678 (Old Style);
23 March 1678 (New Style)
St. James's Park, St. James, London, England
Died22 January 1721 (Old Style);
1 February 1721 (New Style)
Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex, England
Noble familyLee
Spouse(s)Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore
Christopher Crowe
Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore
Hon. Benedict Leonard Calvert, Governor of Maryland
Hon. Edward Henry Calvert
Hon. Charlotte Calvert
Hon. Jane Calvert
Hon. Cecil Calvert
Christopher Crowe
Catherine Crowe
Charlotte Crowe
George Crowe
FatherEdward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield
MotherLady Charlotte Fitzroy

Charlotte Lee, Lady Baltimore (13 March 1678 Old Style – 22 January 1721 Old Style), was an English noblewoman, and granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers. She married in 1699, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, from whom she separated in 1705; she later married Christopher Crowe.[1] She was the mother of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, and of Benedict Leonard Calvert, who was Governor of Maryland from 1727–1731.

Charlotte Lee was the granddaughter of King Charles II of England and his mistress Barbara Villiers, whose portrait is seen here

Early life[edit]

Lady Charlotte Lee was born on 13 March 1678 at St. James's Park, St. James, London.[2] She was the eldest of at least fourteen children of Edward Henry Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield (4 February 1663 – 14 July 1716) and Lady Charlotte Fitzroy (5 September 1664 – 17 February 1718), illegitimate daughter of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine, Duchess of Cleveland.[2]

Lady Charlotte's mother was fourteen years old at the time of her birth, having married the Earl of Lichfield at the age of thirteen.[3] Her father was also only fifteen at the time of her birth

Her paternal grandparents were Sir Francis Henry Lee of Ditchley, 4th Baronet of Quarendon and Elizabeth Pope, daughter of Thomas Pope, 2nd Earl of Downe.

Marriage to Lord Baltimore[edit]

Charlotte Lee's first husband, Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore

On 2 January 1699, at the age of twenty, she married her first husband Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore (21 March 1679 – 16 April 1715), son of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore and Jane Lowe.[2]

Charlotte assumed the title of Lady Baltimore in February 1715, when her husband succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Baltimore upon the death of his father, the third Baron. The title of Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland had been lost to the third Baron during the Glorious Revolution and would be restored to Charles Calvert, the son of Charlotte and Benedict, upon the latter's death on 16 April 1715.

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore had six children:

Charlotte and Lord Baltimore were divorced in 1705.[5] Charlotte had an affair in 1706 with Colonel Robert Fielding, then the (bigamous) husband of her grandmother the Duchess of Cleveland, and was rumoured to have borne a child by him, born 23 April 1707.[citation needed]

Marriage to Christopher Crowe[edit]

She married her second husband Christopher Crowe (c.1681 – 9 November 1749), Consul at Leghorn, sometime before 10 December 1719. Charlotte was three years older than her husband. This marriage produced four more children.

Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, was the eldest son of Charlotte Lee and her first husband, Benedict Leonard Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore

Charlotte's four children from her second marriage:

  • Christopher Crowe (1716–1776), married Barbara Duncombe
  • Catherine Crowe (1717 – ?), married Roger Henry Gale
  • Charlotte Crowe (1718–1742)
  • George Crowe (25 November 1719 – 10 October 1782), married Anne Swift, by whom he had a son Robert

Death and legacy[edit]

Charlotte Lee died of rheumatism[6] on 22 January 1721 at Woodford Hall, Woodford, Essex. She was buried at Woodford on 29 January 1721. She died intestate and her estate was administered on 4 March 1721 at Woodford Hall.

In fiction[edit]

Charlotte Lee appears as a minor character in Anya Seton's historical romance Devil Water.



  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ Antonia Fraser, King Charles II, p.414
  4. ^ a b c d e f
  5. ^ Delany, Mary, p.247, The Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs Delany: With Interesting Reminiscences of King George the Third and Queen Charlotte Retrieved January 2014
  6. ^


  • G.E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extanct, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910–1959)
  • Antonia Fraser, King Charles II, Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd., London, 1979
  • 7641,#76403
  • Antonia Fraser, King Charles II,p. 414

External links[edit]