Chelyabinsk Metro

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Chelyabinsk Metro
Overview
Native nameЧелябинский метрополитен
Chelyabinskiy metropoliten
LocaleChelyabinsk, Russia
Transit typeRapid Transit
Number of lines1
Number of stations4 (start)
8 (planned)
Operation
Operation will start2025[1]
Technical
System length5.7 km (3.5 mi) (start)
System map
Map of planned Chelyabinsk Metro (initial segment under construction in dark red).

Chelyabinsk Metro (Russian: Челябинский метрополитен, Chelyabinskiy metropoliten) is an underground rapid transit system under construction in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Envisioned in the 1960s, construction on the inaugural line began in 1992.[2]

After the project suffered various financial reverses in the 1990s and early 2000s, the first three stations were originally scheduled to open in 2007. But the opening was then postponed to 2010. In 2007, a decision was made to open the first line in 2014, with the project now consisting of four stations initially instead of three. As funding for the project continued to be intermittent, the opening date was pushed back again. As of 2018, an exact opening date would not occur before 2025.[3]

As of Feb. 2010, some 3.6 kilometers (2.2 mi) of tunnel has been made, out of a total 5.7 kilometers (3.5 mi).[4][5] In 2017, the head of the city's construction authority reported that one station, Torgovy Tsentr was about 70% complete and that three other stations were still envisioned.[6]

Lines and stations[edit]

The current plans include opening the following four stations, along with a depot:

  • Komsomolskaya ploshyad' (Komsomolskaya Square)
  • Ploshyad' Revolutsii (Revolution Square)
  • Torgovi tsentr (Trade Centre)
  • Prospekt Pobedi (Victory Avenue)[6]

The total length of tunnels will be 5.7 kilometers (3.5 mi), with an additional 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) track to the depot.

In November, 2011, the first station structure (of Komsomolskaya ploshyad') was finished.[7][8]

Future plans[edit]

Further plans include expanding the first line east to the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (one station), and west (3 stations).

Two more lines running from north to southeast and from northeast to southwest are planned longer-term; the time frame for their construction is undefined.

Financing the project[edit]

In March 1998, before the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Pyotr Sumin, governor of the Chelyabinsk province, called the Chelyabinsk Metro one of the most important construction projects in the region. Construction companies in arrears on their taxes to the local and federal governments offered their services to build the Metro in lieu of payment. The project was therefore being financed by the tax debt of the construction companies to various government bodies. Now it is funded jointly by the governments of Russia, Chelyabinsk Oblast and the city of Chelyabinsk, allocating in total around $40 mln a year.

In 2018, the government estimated that it will take about 80 billion rubles to complete the project, on top of the 11 billion rubles that the authorities have already invested.[3] The government considered forming a joint request with Krasnoyarsk and Omsk, which also have unfinished metros, to secure the needed funds for all three projects.[6]

Criticism[edit]

The project was initially due to be completed by 2000, but has been postponed several times due to lack of financing.

The construction plan was developed many years ago and as the city has expanded and transport needs have changed greatly, critics argue that the initial stations will be of little help in reducing traffic congestion or improving the transportation system.

Alternative projects such as a metrotram or surface trains have been rejected.

References[edit]

  1. ^ СМИ: метро в Челябинске достроят за 80 млрд рублей
  2. ^ О компании [About Us] (in Russian). Челябметрострой. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  3. ^ a b "СМИ: метро в Челябинске достроят за 80 млрд рублей" (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda, Chelyabinsk. 2018-01-24.
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120303175545/http://www.mega-u.ru/default.aspx?c_id=3&method=NewsFullText&templateName=FullText2&s_id=143&NewsId=18197&m_id=2. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2010. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Челябинск снова выбирает подрядчика для строительства первого участка метро [Chelyabinsk again selects a contractor to build the first section of the subway]. Mega-U.ru (in Russian). 27 August 2009. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  6. ^ a b c "Метро для троих" (in Russian). Kommersant. 2017-05-25.
  7. ^ В Челябинске восстановлено движение на проспекте Ленина над станцией метро
  8. ^ Дарья Лукашевская (2011-10-17). "В Челябинске метростроители завершили сооружение конструкции станции «Комсомольская площадь»". Uralpress.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2011-12-07.

External links[edit]