Chen Nengkuan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chen Nengkuan
陈能宽
Born(1923-04-28)28 April 1923
Died27 May 2016(2016-05-27) (aged 93)
Beijing, China
NationalityChinese
CitizenshipChina
Alma materNational Tangshan Engineering College
Yale University
AwardsTwo Bombs and One Satellite Meritorious Award (1999)
Scientific career
FieldsMetal physics
Detonation physics
Doctoral advisorC.H. Mathewson

Chen Nengkuan (Chinese: 陈能宽; pinyin: Chén Néngkuān; 28 April 1923 – 27 May 2016) was a Chinese metal physics and detonation physics expert and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He was known as one of the founding fathers of Two Bombs, One Satellite (Chinese: 两弹一星元勋).[1]

Biography[edit]

Chen was born in Cili County, Hunan. He obtained a bachelor's degree from National Tangshan Engineering College (now Southwest Jiaotong University) in 1946 and then obtained his doctor's degree in metallurgy from Yale University in the United States. He worked for Johns Hopkins University and Westinghouse Electric as a researcher after his graduation.[2] He returned to China in 1955 after the Korean War ended and was assigned work at Institute of Applied Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences. He was one of the key contributors to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs. Chen was elected as academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1980. In 1999, he was awarded "Two Bombs and One Satellite Meritorious Award" for his contribution on atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb.

Chen died on 27 May 2016 at the age of 93 in Beijing.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "23位两弹一星元勋已有17人离世 媒体解析其功绩" (in Chinese). china.com. 30 May 2016.
  2. ^ "陈能宽院士:许身为国最难忘" (in Chinese). sciencenet.cn. 29 August 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  3. ^ "两弹一星元勋核武器奠基人陈能宽逝世 享年94岁" (in Chinese). Tencent. 30 May 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  4. ^ China's top nuclear researcher dies