Chisago County, Minnesota

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Chisago County, Minnesota
Old Chisago County Courthouse.jpg
Old Chisago County Courthouse originally in Center City, Minnesota. In 1990 moved to Almelund, Minnesota.
Map of Minnesota highlighting Chisago County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Founded1 September 1851[1]
Named forChisago Lake
SeatCenter City
Largest cityNorth Branch
Area
 • Total442 sq mi (1,145 km2)
 • Land415 sq mi (1,075 km2)
 • Water28 sq mi (73 km2), 6.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)55,308
 • Density133/sq mi (51/km2)
Congressional district8th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.chisago.mn.us

Chisago County (/ʃɪˈsɑːɡ/ shi-SAH-goh) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 53,887.[2] Its county seat is Center City.[3]

Chisago County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Chisago County was organized in 1851. It took its name from Chisago Lake.[4]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Chisago County[5]

Chisago County lies on the east side of Minnesota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Wisconsin (across the Saint Croix River). The Saint Croix flows south-southeasterly along the county's east border. The Sunrise River flows northerly through the central part of the county, collecting the waters of the North Branch Sunrise River and Hay Creek before discharging into the St. Croix at the county's east boundary. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, devoted to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest point near the NW corner, at 1,017' (310m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 442 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 415 square miles (1,070 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (6.2%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Fish Lake County Park
  • Franconia Bluffs Scientific and Natural Area
  • Interstate State Park
  • Lawrence Creek Scientific and Natural Area
  • Ojiketa Regional Park
  • Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway (part)
  • Wild River State Park

Climate and weather[edit]

Center City, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
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84
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60
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27
8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Center City have ranged from a low of 2 °F (−17 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −38 °F (−39 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.89 inches (23 mm) in January to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in June.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,743
18704,358150.0%
18807,98283.2%
189010,35929.8%
190013,24827.9%
191013,5372.2%
192014,4456.7%
193013,189−8.7%
194013,124−0.5%
195012,669−3.5%
196013,4195.9%
197017,49230.4%
198025,71747.0%
199030,52118.7%
200041,10134.7%
201053,88731.1%
Est. 201755,308[10]2.6%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 53,887 people, 19,470 households, and 14,389 families in the county. The population density was 130/sqmi (50.1/km²). There were 21,172 housing units at an average density of 51.0/sqmi (19.7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.80% White, 1.20% Black or African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,470 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

The county population contained 25.70% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 28.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.50 males. The per capita income for the county was $29,293. About 6.20% of the population was below the poverty line.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 41,101 people, 14,454 households, and 11,086 families in the county. The population density was 99.0/sqmi (38.2/km²). There were 15,533 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.21% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.3% were of German, 18.1% Swedish, 11.3% Norwegian and 6.9% Irish ancestry.

There were 14,454 households out of which 41.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.30% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.18.

The county population contained 30.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 103.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,012, and the median income for a family was $57,335. Males had a median income of $40,743 versus $27,653 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,013. About 3.20% of families and 5.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.40% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

Chisago County is strongly influenced by the German, Swedish and Norwegian immigrants that settled there in the middle of the 19th century. It provided the setting for much of Swedish author Vilhelm Moberg's The Emigrants suite of novels in the 1950s, and Moberg engaged in both archival and oral history research in preparation for his books to recreate the early Swedish immigration in the area. Sculptor Ian Dudley's bronze statue of the author stands in Chisago City’s park. His fictional characters Karl-Oskar and Kristina Nilsson from Ljuder parish in Småland settled around the Lake Ki-Chi-Saga (from the Ojibwe language Ki-chi-saga-igun (Gichi-zaaga'igan in the contemporary spelling) meaning "Big Lake-with-an-outlet," which was later shortened to Lake Chisago). The heritage of the early settlers is still honored by the annual Karl Oskar Days in Lindström.

Politics[edit]

Chisago Country has trended conservative in recent state and federal elections, backing every Republican candidate for President since 2000.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 61.0% 18,441 30.7% 9,278 8.3% 2,509
2012 55.1% 16,227 42.5% 12,524 2.3% 690
2008 53.9% 15,789 43.6% 12,783 2.5% 733
2004 55.6% 15,705 43.2% 12,219 1.2% 336
2000 49.7% 10,937 43.6% 9,593 6.6% 1,457
1996 33.7% 5,984 48.6% 8,611 17.7% 3,138
1992 28.1% 4,813 41.3% 7,077 30.6% 5,229
1988 43.5% 6,163 55.6% 7,875 0.9% 132
1984 48.1% 6,279 51.2% 6,683 0.7% 87
1980 40.1% 5,017 49.8% 6,240 10.1% 1,266
1976 35.7% 3,874 61.0% 6,625 3.4% 368
1972 51.1% 4,718 45.2% 4,174 3.8% 349
1968 39.9% 3,053 53.6% 4,102 6.5% 496
1964 36.7% 2,525 63.1% 4,347 0.3% 17
1960 56.6% 3,822 43.0% 2,907 0.4% 25
1956 55.5% 3,413 44.4% 2,731 0.2% 9
1952 60.3% 3,892 39.3% 2,536 0.5% 32
1948 44.6% 2,704 52.5% 3,184 2.9% 177
1944 55.6% 3,020 43.7% 2,376 0.7% 38
1940 56.0% 3,569 43.1% 2,746 1.0% 62
1936 40.5% 2,462 55.3% 3,360 4.2% 258
1932 43.9% 2,524 53.0% 3,047 3.2% 184
1928 75.5% 4,215 23.2% 1,297 1.3% 70
1924 52.8% 2,678 2.7% 135 44.5% 2,259
1920 80.0% 4,361 8.9% 484 11.1% 605
1916 61.2% 1,749 33.0% 944 5.7% 164
1912 13.3% 346 16.7% 435 70.0% 1,819
1908 79.9% 2,107 15.5% 408 4.6% 122
1904 91.5% 2,417 5.9% 156 2.7% 70
1900 83.4% 2,354 14.6% 411 2.1% 59
1896 84.4% 2,558 14.4% 437 1.2% 37
1892 75.0% 1,480 17.1% 338 7.9% 155

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 10 May 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 107.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 61-64. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ a b Chisago County MN Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Chisago County MN" Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Center City MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°30′N 92°55′W / 45.50°N 92.91°W / 45.50; -92.91