Cholecystokinin receptor

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cholecystokinin A receptor
Identifiers
SymbolCCKAR
NCBI gene886
HGNC1570
OMIM118444
RefSeqNM_000730
UniProtP32238
Other data
LocusChr. 4 p15.2-p15.1
cholecystokinin B receptor
Identifiers
SymbolCCKBR
NCBI gene887
HGNC1571
OMIM118445
RefSeqNM_176875
UniProtP32239
Other data
LocusChr. 11 p15.4

Cholecystokinin receptors or CCK receptors are a group of G-protein coupled receptors which bind the peptide hormones cholecystokinin (CCK) and gastrin.[1] There are two different subtypes CCKA and CCKB which are ~50% homologous:[2] Various cholecystokinin antagonists have been developed and are used in research, although the only drug of this class that has been widely marketed to date is the anti-ulcer drug proglumide.

protein gene tissue distribution preferred ligand function
CCKA (CCK1) CCKAR primarily gastrointestinal tract, lesser amounts in the CNS sulfated CCK >> nonsulfated CCK ≈ nonsulfated CCK stimulation of bicarb secretion, gall bladder emptying and inhibiting gut motility
CCKB (CCK2) CCKBR primarily CNS, lesser amounts in the gastrointestinal tract gastrin ≈ CCK (receptor does not discriminate between sulfated and nonsulfated peptides) regulation of nociception, anxiety, memory and hunger

References[edit]

  1. ^ Noble F, Wank SA, Crawley JN, Bradwejn J, Seroogy KB, Hamon M, Roques BP (December 1999). "International Union of Pharmacology. XXI. Structure, distribution, and functions of cholecystokinin receptors". Pharmacological Reviews. 51 (4): 745–81. PMID 10581329.
  2. ^ Dufresne M, Seva C, Fourmy D (2006). "Cholecystokinin and gastrin receptors". Physiol. Rev. 86 (3): 805–47. doi:10.1152/physrev.00014.2005. PMID 16816139.

External links[edit]